Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Introduction to the SEEA A policy perspective

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the SEEA A policy perspective"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to the SEEA A policy perspective
Sokol Vako United Nations Statistics Division Training for the worldwide implementation of the System of Environmental Economic Accounting Central Framework for Africa 2-5 February 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Importance of bigger picture; julian will have details on the accounts

2 Policy settings Post-2015 UN development agenda/SDGs
Green Growth/Green Economy Broader measures of progress/Beyond GDP Natural Capital Accounting/ WAVES Aichi targets (e.g. Target 2) Poverty and environment TEEB 2

3 Para.38 of the Rio+20 report “We recognize the need for broader measures of progress to complement GDP in order to better inform policy decisions, and in this regard, we request the UN Statistical Commission in consultation with relevant UN System entities and other relevant organizations to launch a programme of work in this area building on existing initiatives.” 3

4 Challenges ahead for our operations
Fundamental rethink and transformational change in mainstreaming sustainable development How we set the statistical agenda, how we keep the agenda under review and how we promote the statistical agenda and the authority of official statistics How we engage within and between the national, regional and international statistical system with a bottom-up approach based on national priorities How we integrate policy and statistics in our operations How we integrate economic, social and environmental dimensions in our operations 4

5 Implications for statistical community
A need to bring statistical decisions into the political process of defining development goals, targets and indicators An early and adequate engagement of the statistical community is vital A leadership role for the national statistical offices in the national statistical system and engage with the national stakeholders A need to strengthen the capacity of national statistical systems to compile and report development indicators through balanced and resourced national statistical systems based on national priorities 5

6 Statisticians, politicians and policymakers, business sector, scientific/academic community and general public must join hands! 6

7 SEEA Internationally agreed statistical framework to measure environment and its interactions with economy Adopted as international statistical standard by UN Statistical Commission in 2012 Developed through inter-governmental process Published by UN, EU, FAO, IMF, OECD, WB 7

8 SEEA: A Statistical Standard
Countries are “encouraged to implement the standard” International organizations have obligations to assist countries in implementation Implementation strategy adopted by Statistical Commission in March 2013 Data reporting mechanism will be established

9 The Suite of SEEAs 1993 Handbook – interim publication
2003 Updated SEEA handbook – manual of best practices 2006 UNSC decided to elevate SEEA to an international standard 2012 SEEA – The Central Framework (international standard) 2013 SEEA – Experimental Ecosystem Accounting 2013 SEEA – Applications and Extensions Subsystems: SEEA – Water (adopted in 2007) SEEA – Energy SEEA – Agriculture

10 Information is vital …and it needs to be integrated
The economy impacts on the environment and the environment impacts on the economy To understand these linkages we need to integrate environmental and economic information This is the explicit purpose of the SEEA 10

11 Integrated statistics
Linking policy needs and statistics Understanding the institutional arrangements Integrated statistical production process/chain and services Consistency between basic data, accounts and tables and indicators Indicators Accounts SEEA Basic data Economic Environmental Social Statistics 11

12 Problem: Information silos
Data developed to answer one particular question or problem Difficult to figure out if all information is included Not always easy to see the whole picture, or how it relates to other things 12

13 Solution: Integrated information
Holistic picture Consistency of information and identification of data gaps Interconnections between economy, environment and society 13

14 Provides a quantitative basis for policy design
Linking environmental and socio-economic data is essential for policymakers Enables analysis of the impact of economic policies on the environment and vice versa Provides a quantitative basis for policy design Identifies the socio-economic drivers, pressures, impacts and responses affecting the environment Supports greater precision for environmental regulations and resource management strategies Provides indicators that express the relationships between the environment and the economy Support relevant perspectives on the dimensions of economic development, environmental sustainability and social equity 14

15 The SEEA Policy Quadrants
People and the environment II. The economy and the environment Sustainability IV. Risks III. Ecosystems 15 15

16 Sustainability I. Improving access to services and resources II.
Managing supply and demand and reducing impacts Sustainability IV. Mitigating and adapting to extreme events III. Improving the state of the ecosystems 16 16

17 The SEEA Central Framework Accounts
Flow accounts: supply and use tables for products, natural inputs and residuals (e.g. waste, wastewater) generated by economic activities. physical (e.g. m2 of water) and/or monetary values (e.g. permits to access water, cost of wastewater treatment, etc.) Stock accounts for environmental assets: natural resources and land physical (e.g. fish stocks and changes in stocks) and/or monetary values (e.g. value of natural capital, depletion) Activity / purpose accounts that explicitly identify environmental transactions already existing in the SNA. e.g. Environmental Protection Expenditure (EPE) accounts, environmental taxes and subsidies Combined physical and monetary accounts that bring together physical and monetary information for derivation indicators, including depletion adjusted aggregates

18 SEEA Conceptual Framework
Territory of reference Environment Imports/Exports Economy Economic Units Enterprises Households Government Non-profit institutions Instruments -Financial/Monetary -Taxes/subsidies - Financing -Resource rent -Permits Activities -Production -Consumption -Accumulation Outside territory of reference Outside territory of reference Analytical and Policy Frameworks -Productivity analysis -Natural resource management -Climate change -Green Growth/Green Economy -Post-2015 Development Agenda Natural inputs Residuals (e.g., emissions, waste) Ecosystem services Individual Environmental Assets (e.g., land, water, mineral and energy, soil, aquatic) Ecosystem Assets Transboundary Environmental Flows

19 SEEA Implementation Guide and Diagnostic Tool

20 Nature of the Implementation Guide
Broad direction and support to national level implementation Introductory and overview document Works within the framework of the SEEA implementation strategy Recognize differences between countries and regions in actual situations and contexts Reflect lessons learned on implementation from past compilers Promote awareness of key implementation issues and risks

21 Background National environmental and economic policy priorities linked to national programming and budgeting cycles Need for integrated information for evidence based policy making for sustainable development Link of national policy and statistical priorities to regional and international agenda Post-2015 agenda / SDGs / Broader measures of progress/WAVES/ UNEP TEEB

22 National policy setting and policy issues
Main policy issues and instruments (regulations, fiscal, pricing, financial, trade, etc.) Environmental plans and strategies Sustainable Development Strategy National Policy for the Environment Management National Statistical Strategy National sector plans/strategy (energy, water, waste, etc.) National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) National Policy for Climate Change Energy (renewable, energy efficiency) Deforestation Low carbon agriculture

23 National stakeholders
Establish national coordination board/committee Identify national stakeholders: National Statistical Institutes Central Banks Ministry of Environment Ministry of Finance Water agencies/boards Ministry of Energy Ministry of Forestry ….

24 Broad assessment of data availability
Lots of data available ... But the data is not coordinated Water resources Forestry Electricity consumption and production Treated water Wastes Climate change vulnerability Agriculture National accounts Fish Protection expenditures Other data Ecosystem health

25 Actions Establish the national coordination board/committee with users and producers Prepare national statement of strategy Decide on priority accounts and related time series, indicators and policy applications Institutional arrangements (strategies and plans) Data quality assessment (following demands from strategies and plans)

26 Actions Pilot SEEA compilation (suggested as priorities like water, energy, forest, environmental protection expenditures, land cover/use) Plans by accounts: objectives, institutional arrangements, outputs, activities, sources, timelines, requirements for external assistance Dissemination and communication strategy on nationally agreed accounts and time series of statistics and indicators

Download ppt "Introduction to the SEEA A policy perspective"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google