RESEARCH TEAM Cem Gümüş Damla Altuniş Cansu Akdeniz Eylem Küpeli
OUTLINE Binge Eating, Obesity and Their Treatment
Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia, Treatment of Them and Statistics Prevention
TREATMENT of BINGE EATING
Psychotherapy (This is a type of individual counseling that focuses on changing the thinking (cognitive therapy) and behavior (behavioral therapy) of a person with an eating disorder.) Medication (Certain antidepressant medications, called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), might be used to help controlanxiety and depression associated with an eating disorder) Nutrition counseling (This strategy is designed to help restore normal eating patterns, and to teach the importance of nutrition and a balanced diet.) Group and/or family therapy(People with eating disorders might benefit from group therapy, where they can find support and openly discuss their feelings and concerns with others who share common experiences and problems.)
OBESITY Why do people become obese? Leading a sedentary lifestyle
Consuming too many calories. Not sleeping enough Lower rates of smoking (smoking suppresses appetite). Medications that make patients put on weight. Obesity gene (a faulty gene, called FTO, makes 1 in every 6 people overeat.) Leading a sedentary lifestyle
TREATMENT OF OBESITY Dietary changes Exercise and activity
Behavior change Prescription weight-loss medications Weight-loss surgery
BINGE EATING & OBESITY
WHAT is ANOREXIA NERVOSA
Having an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though under weight. Psychological disorder not a lifestyle choice Anorexia vs Anorexia Nervosa Perfectionism Slow suicide Denial about anorexia Restricting type Binge eating type
SYMPTOMS and SIGNS of ANOREXIA
Sudden weight loss. Denial of hunger Withdrawal from usual friends and activities Primary concerns: weight loss, dieting and control of food. Excessive chewing Rearranging food on a plate Excessive exercise regime Black and white thinking
CAUSES of ANOREXIA Environmental Factors Perfectionalism
Pictures and magazines Family environment Sexual abuse pressures and stress at school a stressful life event
CAUSES of ANOREXIA Biological and genetic factors
Genetic predisposition High level of cortisol High levels of serotonin Altered levels of dopamine
CAUSES of ANOREXIA Psychological factors Low self esteem
Poor body image Rigid thinking patterns Perfectionalist Personality traits
TREATMENT of ANOREXIA Medical treatment Cognitive behavioral therapy
HEALTH CONSEQUENCES of ANOREXIA
Abnormally slow heart rate Muscle loss and weakness Hair loss Dry hair Low blood pressure
WHAT is BULIMIA NERVOSA
People with bulimia may secretly binge — eating large amounts of food — and then purge, trying to get rid of the extra calories in an unhealthy way. Vomiting excessive exercise Purging bulimia- non purging bulimia
SIGNS and SYMPTOMS of BULIMIA
Low self-esteem Perfectionism Substance abuse Depression or anxiety Obsession with body image and looks Binge eating Forceful vomiting Fainting and dizziness
CAUSES of BULIMIA Social values (such as admiring thinness)
Perfectionism Genetics Stressful life events such as moving, divorce
STATISTICS Approximately 80% of bulimia nervosa patients are female.
Only 1 in 10 men and women with eating disorders receive treatment. Up to 24 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder (anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder) in the U.S. 25% of college-aged women engage in bingeing and purging as a weight- management technique. Anorexia is the most common cause of death (up to 12 times higher than any other condition) among young women ages 15 to 24.
HOW to PREVENT FROM BINGE EATING and OBESITY
Stave off nighttime binges. Do something. Wait Ask for help. Forgive yourself. Stop while you're ahead. Savor something spicy. Record your indulgences. See a Professional.
WHAT ABOUT PREVENTING ANOREXIA NERVOSA
Get rid of a spesific diet Learn everything about eating disorders Avoid categorizing foods Stop judging others and yourself based on body weight or shape. Do not critisize if you think someone has an eating disorder, express your concerns in a forthright, caring manner.
PREVENTION of BULIMIA NERVOSA
Have a healthy approach to food and exercise. Encourage a healthy view of self and others.
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