2 Words, words, words . . .Every word in a sentence has a specific function. The parts of speech explain the many ways words can be used within a sentence.The more you know about how the parts of speech are used, the better writer you will become!
3 Parts of Speech Preposition Noun Pronoun Verb Conjunction Adjective InterjectionNounVerbAdjectiveAdverb
4 1. Noun A noun names a: Types of nouns include: Person, Place, or ThingTypes of nouns include:Common Noun: house, boy, elephant, bedroomProper Noun: names a specific person, place, or thing: Ms. Finch, Haltom City, Peyton ManningCompound Noun: grocery store, shopping cart, basketball, toothpasteNoun + Noun = compound noun
5 2. Verb A verb is a word or phrase that expresses: an action, or a state of beingThe bird flew.The students studied.She is happy.The team was excited.The boat sank.
6 3. AdjectiveAn adjective is a word that:Modifies, or describes, a noun or pronoun.Adjectives may come before nouns, or they may appear after a form of the reflexive verb “to be” (am, are, is, was, etc.).We live in the red brick house.She is tall for her age.Oscar is a talented soccer player.Remember: Adjectives ADD description to a noun or pronoun.
7 4. Adverb An adverb is a word that: Modifies, or further describes, verbs.Adverbs may also modify adjectives.Many, though not all, adverbs end in -ly.He waved wildly to get her attention.The shirt he wore to the party was extremely bright.While nouns answer the questions who and what, adverbs answer the questions how, when, why, and where.Remember: Adverbs ADD description to a verb or adjective.
8 5. Preposition A preposition or prepositional phrase: Connects a noun or pronoun to other words in a sentence. Prepositions usually provide info about “how,” “when,” or “where.”The book is on the table.The book is beneath the table.The book is leaning against the table.The book is beside the table.She held the book over the table.She read the book during class.A prepositional phrase always begins with a preposition.
9 Common Prepositions To Around Over Before With Behind For On At Upon FromPastBelowNearTowardBeside
10 6. Pronoun A pronoun is a word that: Takes the place of a noun in a sentence.Jennifer sits on the front row.She sits on the front row.Carla and Nick run cross country.They run cross country.The dog chased the ball.The dog chased it.
11 Pronouns: Can be the Subject or the Object in a sentence Subject Pronouns:IWeYouSheHeTheyItObject Pronouns:MeUsYouHerHimThemIt
12 7. Conjunction A conjunction is a word that: Joins other words, phrases, or sentences together.CONJUNCTIONS CONNECTShe wanted to go to the party, but her parents said “no.”The driver ran the red light, so he got a ticket.I took Charlie and Walter to the dog park.
13 Common Conjunctions FANBOYS: However For Although And Since Nor ButOrYetSoOther Conjunctions:HoweverAlthoughSinceBecauseThoughThereforeUnlessWhile
14 8. Interjection Interjection is a BIG name for a little word. An interjection:is a short exclamation, such as:Ah, …Wow!Oh!Hey!Ah, that smells good.Wow! You made an A!Oh, no she didn’t!
15 Label the parts of speech in the following sentences. I gave the bird some seed.Jose’s laptop is newer than Jen’s.The wicked witch slowly melted.The bee buzzed very loudly around my head.Write the correct part of speech above the red words.