2 Dakar EFA Goals 2000(i) expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children;(ii) ensuring that by 2015 all children, particularly girls, children in difficult circumstances and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to and complete free and compulsory primary education of good quality;(iii) ensuring that the learning needs of all young people and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life skills programmes;(iv) achieving a 50 per cent improvement in levels of adult literacy by 2015, especially for women, and equitable access to basic and continuing education for all adults;(v) eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005, and achieving gender equality in education by 2015, with a focus on ensuring girls' full and equal access to and achievement in basic education of good quality;(vi) improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence of all so that recognized and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills.
3 Six Goals of Dakar - EFA1. ECCE - Early Childhood care and education.2. UPE - Free and compulsory basic education .3. Learning opportunities for Young & Adults.4. Literacy Rate (50% improvement).5. Gender equality - elimination of gender disparities.6. Quality of education - Learning achievement.
4 Millennium Development Goals 2000 Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerGoal 2: Achieve universal primary educationGoal 3: Promote gender equality and empower womenGoal 4: Reduce Child Mortality RateGoal 5: Improve maternal healthGoal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseasesGoal 7: Ensure environmental sustainabilityGoal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
5 MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS End Poverty and HungerUniversal EducationGender EqualityChild HealthMaternal HealthCombat HIV/AIDSEnvironmental SustainabilityGlobal Partnership
6 EFA and MDGs EFA Goals – by 2015 MDGs – by 2015 ECCE: Expanding early childhood care and educationUPE: Universal primary educationContinuing Education: Learning and life skills programmes for young and adultsLiteracy: 50% increase in adult literacy ratesGender: Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary by 2005, and gender equality in education by 2015Quality: Improving quality of educationGoal 2: Achieve universal primary educationTarget 3: Completion of full primary schooling by all childrenIndicator No 8: Literacy rate of year oldGoal 3. Promote gender equality and empower womenTarget 4: eliminate gender disparityIndicator 10: Ratio of literate women to men, years old
7 MDGs – Pakistan MDGs Targets Indicators 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger23Achieve Universal Primary EducationPromote Gender Equality & Women Empowerment4Reducing Child Mortality65Improving Maternal HealthCombating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases7Ensuring Environmental Sustainability8Develop a Global Partnership for Development*1637
8 International Commitments EFA : Pakistan is signatory to EFA and MDGs - Literacy is one of the six Goals of EFATarget: 86% literacy to be achieved by 2015 (National Plan of Action for EFA - Ministry of Education, 2003)UN Literacy Decade ( ): Pakistan reflected achievement of UNLD goals in its PRSP-1LIFE : Pakistan has agreed to launch Literacy Initiative for Empowerment (LIFE) in 2005.PRSP : EFA and Literacy are part of Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP II)
9 National Commitments of Pakistan Constitution of Pakistan (1973)State shall be responsible for:“ eradication of illiteracy and provision of free and compulsory education up to secondary level, within minimum possible time”(Article 37-B, 1973 Constitution of Pakistan)- Principles of Policy18th Amendment to the Constitution – Article 25 A –Education A Fundamental Right
10 Report Card: Literacy in Pakistan PSLM ( ) – Statistics Division, GoPOverall, 45% population (10+) is illiterate, and58% Women can not read and write70% Rural women are illiterate76% Rural women in NWFP are illiterate84% Rural women in Sindh can not read and write85% Rural women in Balochistan are illiterateDisparities:80% literacy among males in urban Sindh vs 15% literacy among females in rural BalochistanPSLM ( )32 districts with literacy rate below 40%56 districts with more than 70% illiterate women
12 Number of Illiterates are increasing in Pakistan YearPop 10 +(Millions)Literacy Rate (10+)Illiterate Pop (10+)-Million195122.7117.918.64196126.1216.722.08197242.9121.733.59198156.3326.242.69199889.8443.9250.38(estimated)112.0055.0050.40(Source: Census Reports and projections for )
13 Education Budget in Pakistan: ( to ) (Source: Economic Survey ( ) – Finance Division – Government of Pakistan, Page 167, Table 11.5 and Economic Survey of Pakistan , and EFA Global Monitoring Report 2008, 2009, and other related documents of Govt. of Pakistan)Year% of GDP2.001.72.622.202.342.122.402.421.62.491.9(PRSP II, page 316))1.25
14 Literacy: What we are missing in Pakistan? No active federal body for national level coordination: No official budget and forum for coordination meetings and harmonization of provincial efforts (meetings, if any, convened mainly with donors support)No professional wings to support provincial Directorates or Departments in material development, research, and training (in formal education system there are Curriculum Bureaus, Textbook Boards, Training Colleges, and research institutes, None for the NFE)No regular pattern for financing of Literacy and NFB: Funding for literacy and NFBE is sporadic, incidental, or depending upon links with those who really matter – not for literacy per se – No specified ratio of education budget for literacy (normally less than 1% of education budget)-Federal and Provincial Roles: not specified, not followed – Occasionally, Fed Govt. institutions will self-assume direct implementation,– Some provinces will not commit provincial budget for literacy and NFBE –No tradition of joint financing or a role in implementation-monitoring (like in India).