2 Poetry“In a poem the words should be as pleasing to the ear as the meaning is to the mind.”-- Marianne Moore
3 What is Poetry? “Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks.” –Plutarch Poetry is OLD—pretty much as old as humanity itself. In a sense, good poetry is “word magic” because words are power. They can make people do things, feel things, see things…you can create illusions with words. Good poets use the elements of poetry enough to cast “spells” on their audience and make them feel the power in their words.
4 Poetry vs. Prose Poetry noun the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.literary work in metrical form; verse.Prose nounthe ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse.matter-of-fact, commonplace, or dull expression, quality, discourse, etc.
5 Prose is the way we write in our everyday lives Prose is the way we write in our everyday lives. Whether it be an , an essay, or a Ph.D. dissertation, the rules of the English language must be followed; it is straightforward, without much decoration or reflection.Poetry allows for the rules of English to bebrokenIt is meant not to be read, but to be spokenLanguage in a fresh new wayNever bland or clichéThe art of words that allows us to expressSo to poetry I say yes, Yes, YES!
6 Speaker“The speaker of a poem is the voice that communicates with the reader of a poem. Remember, the voice is not necessarily the poet—it could be, but it doesn’t have to be. A poem’s speaker can be the voice of another person, an animal, or even an object.”-McDougal Littell AnthologyVOICETONEPERSONADICTION (word choice)SYNTAX (word order)
7 Sight Effects“IMAGERY is the language that appeals to the reader’s sense of sight, hearing, smell, taste or touch….FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE communicates ideas besides the ordinary, literal meaning of the words.”-McDougal Littell AnthologySome figures of speech include:SIMILEMETAPHORPERSONIFICATIONHYPERBOLEOXYMORONSYMBOLS (They ain’t going away EVA!!!!!!)
8 Sound Effects“The effect that a poem has on a reader frequently depends on the sounds of its words.” McDougal Littell AnthologyThe following are some techniques that poets use to achieve different sound effects:RHYMERHYTHMREPETITIONALLITERATIONASSONANCECONSONANCEONOMATOPOEIA
9 Form“The distinctive way a poem is laid out on the page is called the poem’s FORM. Poems are usually divided into LINES, which may or may not be sentences. In some poems the lines are arranged in groups, called STANZAS.”-McDougal Littell AnthologyA poem’s stanzas may have no set rhyme or pattern, or they may have very rigid guidelines that categorize the poem as a certain form. Some forms include:FREE VERSECOUPLETBLANK VERSEHAIKUBALLADBLUESLYRICSSONNETSEPICETC., ETC., ETC. (The list could go on and on.)
10 Introduction to Poetry I ask them to take a poem and hold it up to the light like a color slide or press an ear against its hive. I say drop a mouse into a poem and watch him probe his way out, or walk inside the poem's room and feel the walls for a light switch. I want them to waterski across the surface of a poem waving at the author's name on the shore. But all they want to do is tie the poem to a chair with rope and torture a confession out of it. They begin beating it with a hose to find out what it really means.--Billy Collins