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By Cesar Morales and Kyle Wise

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1 By Cesar Morales and Kyle Wise
Chapter 21 Alcohol By Cesar Morales and Kyle Wise

2 The Health risks of Alcohol use
Ethanol is the type of alcohol that is found in alcoholic beverages Using alcohol as a teen affects brain development Alcohol is a depressant which means it slows down your central nervous system. A short term effect of alcohol is, if a person drinks to much then they will become intoxicated

3 Factors that influence Alcohols affect
If you are a smaller person than you will feel the affect of alcohol faster than a larger person Females feel the effects of alcohol faster than males The amount of alcohol you drink affects you because if you drink a lot then you will become intoxicated Also if you have a lot of food in your stomach, then it will slow down the alcohol moving through your bloodstream

4 Long- Term effects of alcohol
Alcohol can severely decrease brain size and can damage brain cells Alcohol can increase a persons blood pressure which can lead to serious health concerns. Fat cells can build up in the liver But if a person quits using alcohol then some of the effects can be reversed over time

5 Short Term Effects of Alcohol
A lot of changes can happen after your first drink Your thoughts become disoriented and your brain has trouble making connections Your judgement is also affected after drinking an alcoholic beverage Any amount of alcohol can increase your heart rate and blood pressure Alcohol can cause vomiting and nausea

6 Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning
Binge drinking is when you consume five or more alcoholic beverages in one sitting Binge drinking is usually done as a bet or a dare Alcohol poisoning is when you have a physical reaction to an alcoholic overdose. It can be caused by binge drinking. Alcohol is a stomach irritant so thats why when people binge drink they tend to throw up

7 Choosing to live Alcohol-free
Anyone one who drinks alcohol increases the risk of the negative consequence. one of many consequences of alcohol is psychological dependence Psychological dependence is a condition in which a person believes that a drug is a is needed in order to feel good or to function properly.

8 Factors that influences Alcohol use
Teens choices about using alcohol are influenced by Peer Pressure, Family, and Medical Messages. Peer Pressure is influenced when alcohol use is not an accepted activity in a group,a teen will not be forced to drink alcohol. Family is influenced when a teen’s parent discourage and avoid the use of alcohol, the teen is most likely to imitate them. Media message may make alcohol use glamorous and fun

9 Advertising Techniques
Companies that produce alcohol spend millions of dollars each year to converse with young, and healthy people. These companies advertise in a way that are visible to children and teens. Manufacturers and advertiser never show the negative side of using alcohol to the people that consume it. Alcohol companies get teen and young adults by marketing beverage that appear safer than alcohol. (These beverages contain alcohol)

10 Health risk of alcohol & Alcohol and the law
In the United States, 50 people die each day as a result of alcohol-related traffic collisions. It is illegal for anyone under 21 years old to buy alcoholic beverages. Teens who use alcohol can be arrested and sentenced to a youth detention center. Any arrest and conviction can affect any teen’s future.

11 Alcohol and violence & Alcohol and sexual activity
Fights are more likely to happen at parties when alcohol is being used. Teens who drink are more likely to be victims or predators of violent crimes,sexual abuse, robbery, and much more. Alcohol is estimated is the factor of one-thirds to two-thirds of sexual assaults or date-rape cases Teens who use alcohol are more likely to become sexually active at an earlier age , and engage in unprotected sexual activity. About 25 percent teens use drug or alcohol before having sexual activity. Teens who drink often are more likely to get STD.

12 Alcohol and the family & Alcohol and school
About 25 percent of all youth are exposed to Alcohol abuse within their families. Young people who live in households in which a family member abuses alcohol are at a high risk for abuse ,economic hardship ,physical problems, and many more problems. Research shows that a person who begins drinking alcohol as teen is 4 times likely to develop alcohol dependence. Most schools have adopted zero-tolerance policy for any student found using alcohol on school property. Students who use alcohol may become ineligible for or be suspended from school activities or graduation, or expelled from school. A student may find that his/her options for choosing a college or job are very limited Teens who start drinking by age 15 are 5 times more likely to become dependent on alcohol.

13 Benefits of living alcohol-free
Maintaining a healthy body Establishing healthy relationship Making health decisions Avoiding risk behaviors Avoiding illegal activities Avoiding violence Achieving your goals

14 Drinking and Driving Drunk driving can have deadly results
A person's Blood Alcohol concentration is the amount of alcohol in a person's blood When a person gets caught drinking and driving they can be charged with DWI(Driving while intoxicated) or a DUI.(Driving under the influence) People under the age of 21 can have no acceptable BAC. People over the age of 21 can be charged with drunk driving if they have over a 0.08 percent while driving

15 Alcohol and Pregnancy When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol it affects the baby too Babies who are born to mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy are at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome which can lead to birth defects Some of the effects of FAS are that the baby can be born with a small head and deformities of the face,feet, or hands. Also vision and hearing problems,difficulty learning and short attention span.

16 Alcoholism Alcoholics are dependent both physically and psychologically on alcohol The symptoms of alcoholism are craving, loss of control, physical dependence, and tolerance Anybody can become an alcoholic Teens who start drinking are at a much higher risk of becoming an alcoholic than people who start drinking as adults

17 Stages of Alcoholism There are 3 stages of alcoholism
Stage 1:Abuse. When someone drinks only when they are around friends and a dependence of alcohol starts to develop Stage 2: Dependence. When the person becomes dependent on alcohol and and the drinker attempts to hide the problem Stage 3: Addiction. When a person becomes fully addicted to it and feels they can't function without it. When a person is addicted and they stop drinking then they will have withdrawls

18 Treatment for alcohol abuse
Alcoholism is not curable, but it can be treated. Recovery is the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life. Sobriety is when a person lives without alcohol There are many programs that help alcoholics and their families deal with there alcoholism

19 Important vocabulary Sobriety -living without alcohol
Recovery-the process of learning to live without alcohol-free life Detoxification- the process of removing toxic substances or qualities Alcoholism- A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol Intoxication-the state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the physical and mental control is significantly reduced

20 Questions 1. What is the name of the type of alcohol found in Alcoholic beverages? 2.What is the word used for when someone consumes more than 5 alcoholic beverages in one sitting? 3.What are some of the effects of alcohol poisoning? 4.When someone becomes dependent on alcohol what is it called? 5.If your friends are drinking alcohol and they ask you if you want to drink what is something you can say 6.Is it legal for somebody under the age of 21 to have a Blood Alcohol Concentration level of any kind? 7.What does DWI and DUI stand for? 8. What can happen to an infant if the mother drank alcohol while she was pregnant? 9.What is the final stage of alcoholism? 10.Can alcoholism be treated?

21 ANSWERS 1.Ethanol 2.Binge Drinking
3. Throwing up and or feeling very sick 4.Alcoholism 5.NO 6.NO 7.Driving while intoxicated and driving under the influence 8.The infant can have fetal alcohol syndrome 9.Addiction 10.Yes

22 Video Brain and alcohol

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