Presentation on theme: "Unit #8 Foreign Policy Making Foreign Policy. The President sets foreign policy, deals directly with heads of state, and makes treaties with other nations."— Presentation transcript:
The President sets foreign policy, deals directly with heads of state, and makes treaties with other nations.
The Executive Branch Presidential Powers: Commander in Chief- the President may send troops, ships, planes, or even use nuclear weapons anywhere in the world, w/out congressional approval.
Congressional Powers Power to declare war Power to approve or reject treaties Appropriate Money
The Department of State: advises the President on foreign policy. It has nearly 16,000 officials working in other countries. They are called Foreign Service officers.
Secretary of State: Works closely with the president and represents the US in diplomatic meetings. The secretary is assisted by experts on different parts of the world.
Foreign Service more than ½ of the employees of the State Department serve in other countries. The officials that are assigned to serve abroad in foreign countries belong to the Foreign Service.
Foreign Service College graduates who seek a career in the F.S. must pass an extremely demanding civil service exam. Successful applicants then receive training in special schools. Foreign Service Officers (FSO) usually spends several years abroad in a diplomatic post. Then they may be recalled to DC to be a part of foreign policy discussions at the State Department.
Embassy—the US maintains embassies in the capital cities of foreign countries. includes the official residence and offices of the ambassador and his/her staff. primary function is to make diplomatic communication between govts easier. Currently we have about 150 embassies. US Embassy in Manila US Embassy in Prague
Ambassadors appointed by the President and must be confirmed by Senate. Most ambassadors come from the ranks of foreign services as experienced and highly qualified professional diplomats. Some ambassadors may be political appointees selected for reasons other than their diplomatic knowledge or experience. Louis Susman US Ambassador in the UK
US Consulates not normally involved in diplomatic negotiations w/foreign governments. function primarily to promote American business interests in foreign countries and to serve as safeguards for American travelers. US Consulate in Jerusalem US Consulate in Istanbul
Consuls Heading each consulate is a consul In the course of a routine day, the consul and staff handle individual problems and inquires about such matters as shipping schedules, business opportunities, and travel needs. Niels Marquardt Consul of Australia
US Passport-issued by the State Department person holding the passport is entitled to certain privileges and protection established by an international treaty. an American citizen can expect to be granted entrance into many countries with a passport
How do you get a passport? Most can be done at a US Post office Get a picture taken there or at any place that does passport photos (ie. Costco) Fill out the on line application and make an appointment at your local post office. Bring cash (around $165) Don’t forget to bring your birth certificate!
Visas In some cases you will need a visa- a special document issued by the govt of the country that a person wishes to visit for a specific time. American immigration law requires nearly all foreign visitors to obtain visas prior to entering the US. The countries of Western Europe do not require Americans to carry visas only passports.
Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for holders of regular United States passports U.S. States and Insular areas are domestic Visa free Visa issued upon arrival Visa required prior to arrival
The Department of Defense: Supervises the armed forces of the US. This department is the largest. Its headquarters is located in the Pentagon. It has more than 800,000 civilian employees and about 1 million military personnel on active duty.
Joint Chiefs of Staff: President, the National Security Council, and the secretary of defense rely on the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) for military advice. This group is made up of the top ranking officers of the armed forces, and other personnel. All appointed by the President following Senate confirmation. General Martin Dempsey Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
National Security Council Advises the President on the country’s safety. The NSC includes the President, VP and Sec. of State and Defense.