 # EXAMPLE 3 Approximate a best-fitting line Alternative-fueled Vehicles

## Presentation on theme: "EXAMPLE 3 Approximate a best-fitting line Alternative-fueled Vehicles"— Presentation transcript:

EXAMPLE 3 Approximate a best-fitting line Alternative-fueled Vehicles The table shows the number y (in thousands) of alternative-fueled vehicles in use in the United States x years after Approximate the best-fitting line for the data. x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 y 280 295 322 395 425 471 511 548

EXAMPLE 3 Approximate a best-fitting line SOLUTION STEP 1 Draw a scatter plot of the data. STEP 2 Sketch the line that appears to best fit the data. One possibility is shown.

EXAMPLE 3 Approximate a best-fitting line STEP 3 Choose two points that appear to lie on the line. For the line shown, you might choose (1, 300), which is not an original data point, and (7, 548), which is an original data point. STEP 4 Write an equation of the line. First find the slope using the points (1, 300) and (7, 548). 248 6 m = = 548 – 300 7 – 1

Approximate a best-fitting line
EXAMPLE 3 Approximate a best-fitting line Use point-slope form to write the equation. Choose (x1, y1) = (1, 300). y – y1 = m(x – x1) Point-slope form y – 300 = 41.3(x – 1) Substitute for m, x1, and y1. y x + 259 Simplify. ANSWER An approximation of the best-fitting line is y = 41.3x

EXAMPLE 4 Use a line of fit to make a prediction Use the equation of the line of fit from Example 3 to predict the number of alternative-fueled vehicles in use in the United States in 2010. SOLUTION Because 2010 is 13 years after 1997, substitute 13 for x in the equation from Example 3. y = 41.3x = 41.3(13)

EXAMPLE 4 Use a line of fit to make a prediction ANSWER You can predict that there will be about 796,000 alternative-fueled vehicles in use in the United States in 2010.

EXAMPLE 5 Use a graphing calculator to find a best-fitting line Use the linear regression feature on a graphing calculator to find an equation of the best-fitting line for the data in Example 3. SOLUTION STEP 1 Enter the data into two lists. Press and then select Edit. Enter years since 1997 in L1 and number of alternative-fueled vehicles in L2.

EXAMPLE 5 Use a graphing calculator to find a best-fitting line STEP 2 Find an equation of the best- fitting (linear regression) line. Press choose the CALC menu, and select LinReg(ax + b). The equation can be rounded to y = 40.9x

EXAMPLE 5 Use a graphing calculator to find a best-fitting line STEP 3 Make a scatter plot of the data pairs to see how well the regression equation models the data. Press [STAT PLOT] to set up your plot. Then select an appropriate window for the graph.

EXAMPLE 5 Use a graphing calculator to find a best-fitting line STEP 4 Graph the regression equation with the scatter plot by entering the equation y = 40.9x The graph (displayed in the window 0 ≤ x ≤ 8 and 200 ≤ y ≤ 600) shows that the line fits the data well. An equation of the best-fitting line is y = 40.9x ANSWER

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3, 4 and 5 4. OIL PRODUCTION: The table shows the U.S. daily oil production y (in thousands of barrels) x years after 1994. a. Approximate the best-fitting line for the data. ANSWER y = –130x

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3, 4 and 5 4. OIL PRODUCTION: The table shows the U.S. daily oil production y (in thousands of barrels) x years after 1994. b. Use your equation from part (a) to predict the daily oil production in 2009. ANSWER 4760 gal

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3, 4 and 5 4. OIL PRODUCTION: The table shows the U.S. daily oil production y (in thousands of barrels) x years after 1994. c. Use a graphing calculator to find and graph an equation of the best-fitting line. Repeat the prediction from part (b) using this equation.

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3, 4 and 5 ANSWER