3 THE ENTIRE MOVEMENT THROUGH WHICH A BODY PART CAN MOVE AT A JOINT.
4 FLEXIBILITY IS . . . ADAPTABLE Flexibility can increase to a regular program of stretching. Use the FITT Principal!!!Flexibility will decrease in response to inactivity. (Atrophy)Flexibility will improve in response to activity!!!
5 FLEXIBILITY IS . . . SPECIFIC FLEXIBILITY IN ONE JOINT DOESN’T NECESSARILY MEAN GOOD FLEXIBILITY IN ANOTHER JOINT.
6 How can you apply the principles of overload, progression and specificity to flexibility?
7 overload: stretch your muscles farther than you normally do progression: stretch farther as you gain flexibilityspecificity: stretch all muscles that need stretching
8 BENEFITS OF GOOD FLEXIBILITY: Decrease Muscle SorenessGood PostureImprove PerformanceRelaxationRelief for Aches and PainsPrevention of Low Back Pain and Back Injuries
9 Who tends to be more flexible - males or females, young people or old people?
19 Stretching that involves bobbing, bouncing, or jerky movements that make use of the body’s momentum. (VERY DANGEROUS!!!)
20 Why should all muscle groups be stretched equally?
21 To prevent a loss of normal range of motion(ROM) and a muscle-bound condition.
22 Why should a balanced exercise program include both strength and flexibility exercises?
23 So all muscles can apply equal force on all sides of the a joint.
24 CalisthenicsVarious gymnastic exercises designed to develop muscle tone
25 GUIDELINES FOR FLEXIBILITY TRAINING: STRETCH WHEN THE MUSCLES ARE WARMSTRETCH TO THE POINT OF MILD DISCOMFORT, NOT PAINHOLD A STRETCH 10 TO 30 SECONDS, REST FOR 30 TO 60 SECONDS, REPEATSTRETCH BOTH SIDES OF THE BODYINCREASE INTENSITY AND DURATION GRADUALLY OVER TIMEIMPROVED FLEXIBILITY TAKES TIMESTRETCH IS NON-COMPETITIVE
26 SKELETAL JOINTTHE POINT WHERE TWO BONES CONNECT4 main types of joints in human body.
27 TENDONSDENSE, FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT CONNECTS BONE TO MUSCLE AT A JOINTBecause tendons attach to muscles, flexibility of the muscle can relieve pain in tendons. (tendonitis)
28 LIGAMENTSDENSE, FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT CONNECT BONE TO BONE AT A JOINTStretching a ligament results in injury! You should not attempt to stretch ligaments.