Presentation on theme: "Foreign Policy Latin America"— Presentation transcript:
1 Foreign Policy Latin America Roosevelt Corollary (added to Monroe Doctrine) stay out of Latin America – use force to protect economic interestMonroe Doctrine“Big Stick Diplomacy”Dollar Diplomacy- replaced European loans with US loans
2 Latin American Interests Missionary DiplomacyMoral responsibility to deny LA gov’t we viewed as oppressive, undemocratic, or hostile to US interestPressure to establish democracies
3 1. Porifirio Diaz- Maintained a firm grasp over power in Mexico between 1877-1880 & 1884-1911
4 1. The PorfiriatoDiaz consolidated power in Mexico redistributed it from the provinces to the central government.With the stability he brought by ruling Mexico with a stiff hand came foreign investment primarily from the USRailroads were constructed, the oil industry was developed, even Hollywood invested in MexicoHowever, wealth was not shared by the masses and much discontent existed.
5 1. The PorfiriatoDiaz was a captain of the revolutionary forces in the War of Reform in which Mexican forces overthrew the government of Emperor Maximilian.Diaz went on to become a mayor of the small provincial capital city of Oaxaca before being appointed President of Mexico before being elected in 1877.The death of Benito Juarez in 1872 prompted his ambition.
6 7. Sparks of the Mexican Revolution Diaz decide that Mexico was ready to return to democracy and called for elections in 1910.Francisco Madero, the owner of a large estancia and a US educated aristocrat who openly supported a new constitution and democratic change challenged Diaz.Diaz had Madero imprisoned in Monterrey for the election
7 8. Plan de San Luis PotosiAfter being released from prison Madero went into exile in the United States where he wrote the Plan de San LuisThe Plan basically claimed that Diaz was not the legitimate leader of Mexico and that the election had been a fraud.Upon returning to Mexico Madero claimed he was the President Pro-Temp until new elections could be held.As President Pro-Temp Madero claimed that he would return all confiscated land to peasants and ensure universal male suffrage.
9 9. The Revolution BeginsMadero enlisted Pancho Villa and Pascual Orzoco to join the revolution.Soon all hell broke loose and different groups throughout Mexico joined the revolution by overthrowing local leadersOne prominent revolutionary leader, Emiliano Zapata, led peasants in Morelos with the promise to return to them land and water rights.Within 6 month the Diaz regime fell and Diaz exiled himself to France
10 Photos of the Revolution- Peasant soldiers on the left and Pancho Villa on the right