2 Understanding (Comprehension) Being able to read does not mean you understand what you read.Your child might sound like a good reader but may not necessarily understand what the text means.The best way to develop understanding is to talk about texts.The next slide is easy to read – does anyone understand what it means?
3 An extract taken from a computer manual According to the previous ATA/IDE hard drive transfer protocol, the signalling way to send data was in synchronous strobe mode by using the rising edge of the strobe signal. The faster strobe rate increases EMI, which cannot be eliminated by the standard 40-pin cable used by ATA and ultra ATA.
4 Reading requires two skills Phonics and Word RecognitionThe ability to recognise words presented in and out of context.The ability to blend letter sounds (phonemes) together to read words.UnderstandingThe ability to understand the meaning of the words and sentences in a text.The ability to understand the ideas, information and themes in a text.If a child understands what they hear, they will understand the same information when they read.
5 Cracking the English Language code What is phonics?How many letters?How many sounds (phonemes)?How many spellings of the sounds?Cracking the English Language code26441445
6 Saying the sounds Cu a tu - what’s this word? Video – correct articulation of phonemesAsk parents to sound out the alphabet – as sounds not names.They are likely to schwa – e.g fu not ffffffffffTalk about importance of not schwaing.If children schwa, they will hear an extra sound when they are trying to blend the word and then the word will not make sense.If children hear an extra sound, they may add this sound when spelling and therefore get the spelling wrong.Show Letters and Sounds DVD Phase 2 – enunciation videoAsk parents to sound out their own names correctly – demonstrate.6
7 r r r r r r r s s s s s s s v v v v v v v th th th th ng ng ng ng Stretchy Soundsr r r r r r rs s s s s s sv v v v v v vth th th thng ng ng ngf f f f f f f fn n n n nm m m ml l l l l l l l lsh sh sh shz z z z z zDemonstrate correct articulation7
8 Bouncy Sounds a a a a a a a e e e e e e e i i i i i i i i i o o o o o o ou u u u u u ub b b b b bw w w w w wt t t t t t ty y y y y yp p p p p pd d d d d dg g g g g gh h h h h h hj j j j j j j j jk k k k k k kx x x x x x xc c c c c c c cq q q q q q q q8
9 Blending and Segmenting sh ar psharpExplain what blending and segmenting mean.Emphasise the importance of blending for reading – recognising letter sounds (phonemes) means nothing if they cannot be blended for reading.Parents can help by playing oral blending games – sounding out words around the house and when out and about – and blending the letters together orally.E.g. Pass Mummy the c u p cup. Turn on the t a p tap. Touch your t oe s toes…Re emphasis the importance of not schwaring – short, crisp sounds are vital.Blending for reading and Segmenting for spelling9
10 Make reading visible; have books available in your home Reading at Home – Enjoy!Make reading visible; have books available in your homeShare books every day;Talk about books.Sit and listen - don’t do chores around the reader!Respect choices.Respect choices – reading the computer or comics or sports magazines is still reading.10
11 What to do if your child is stuck Use phonics first. What sound does the word begin with? Can you say the sounds in the word? Blend them together.Read to the end of the sentence. What would make sense?What is the text about – what might fit here?Does it sound right?Look at the picture. Does it help?Talk through each strategy and explain what each will do to help the child decode a word that they cannot read.Independent Strategies by Jill Marie Warner11
12 How to use these strategies at home John let his pet frog go.It ******across the grass.What is the first sound?It h***** across the grass.What would make sense?It hopping across the grass.Does that sound right?It hopped across the grass.12
13 Closed Questions! Do you like this book? Do you like this character? It’s a good story isn’t it?Do you like reading?Are you good at reading?Do you like this kind of story?Change these questions so that the answers cannot be yes or no.What do you like about this book?What do you think of this character?Why do you think this is a good story?What’s great about reading?Why are you a good reader?What is it about these stories that you like so much?Briefly explain the difference between an open and a closed question.Explain that open questions will generate discussion which will lead to better understanding whereas closed question will only generate a one word answer.Click to reveal possible alternatives when the parents have had a go.13
14 Talking about books It is not a test! Do you like this book; why? Who is your favourite character?Tell me about a character in the book.Which words tell you what the character is like?How would you feel?What do you think will happen next?What would you do?What have you learned about …… in your book?What can you tell me about…?14
15 Hearing your child read Little and often rather than long sessionsChoose a quiet time and give your child your full attention;Give support if required using the strategies explained earlier;Explain the meaning of new words;Talk about the text using open questions.With a colleague role-play a home-reading session.Pretend to struggle with some words and demonstrate how to support the reader.Scan the book onto PPT slides so that the parents can see the book as you listen to the ‘child’ read.15