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Blastocyst Development

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Presentation on theme: "Blastocyst Development"— Presentation transcript:


2 Blastocyst Development
Zygote (fertilized egg) marks beginning of development Zygote develops into blastocyst Ball of cells ~ 5 days after fertilization Hormones (progesterone) released by corpus luteum help zygote develop and keep the uterine lining thick

3 Embryo Development Endometrium becomes placenta
Placenta: provides oxygen & nutrients; removes waste Umbilical cord develops Connects blood vessels from placenta to blood vessels of baby Mom’s & baby’s blood do not circulate together Nutrients move by diffusion Amniotic sac cushions embryo Amnion = membrane surrounding baby Amniotic fluid = “water” surrounding baby “water breaks” before baby is born (membrane ruptures and fluid escapes) Embryo Development

4 Fetal Development Fully formed fetus takes 38-40 weeks to develop
Human pregnancies are divided into trimesters

5 Fetal Development 1st trimester (weeks 1-12):
Heartbeat detected after week 5 Arms and legs begin to develop Heart, brain, pancreas, kidneys, liver begin to form Eyelids form then fuse for iris to develop Hair, fingernails, and toenails develop External sex organs show (at end of trimester)

6 Fetal Development 2nd trimester (weeks 13-27):
Fetus more active & developed Most joints and bones have started to form Skin is protected by fine hair and waxy substance Sleep cycles more regular Eyes open & blink Eyebrows/eyelashes form Fetus breathes amniotic fluid (strengthens lungs) First movements felt by mother

7 Fetal Development 3rd trimester (weeks 28-40): Organs fully form
Fetus responds to light & sound Fetus has periods of dreaming Fine body hair thins, scalp hair grows in Bones grow & harden Synapses between neurons form in huge numbers Lungs complete development Fetus turns head-down (ready to exit) Fetal Development

8 Birth Vaginal birth Baby is upside down Cesarean-section
Feet first = breech position (not good) Labor Muscles help to thin & open cervix Uterine contractions push baby out After birth: placenta detaches from uterus and exits


10 Health The fetus depends on the mother for nutrition
mother's diet must support fetal health mother must avoid raw foods & toxic chemicals Pregnancy affects mother increase in Calories and body weight pregnancy hormones affects homeostasis regular medical checkups needed

11 Kobe Kuiz Define: blastocyst, embryo
Explain the functions of the following: Placenta Umbilical cord Amniotic sac List at least 2 milestones for each trimester of pregnancy. What might happen if the baby’s head is not upside down when ready for birth? Give 2 examples of how a mother and fetus affect one another. Why might a pregnant woman need to be concerned about what she eats and/or drinks? A baby is born 12 weeks premature (early). The organs are developed, but the baby must breathe using a ventilator. Explain why this might be necessary.

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