3 Agency Execution List of eligible Agencies: *FAO, ILO, DESA, UNESCO, UNIDO* Other UN Specific Organizations (e.g. WHO,WMO, IAEA)* Regional Economic Commissions* UNOPS, Multilateral Banks (WB, Regional Banks etc.)Recommended, when:* activities require unique technical sector experience, specific management capacity or access to international networks*Govt lacks the required management or substantive capacity: or*the Parties prefer agency execution for other reasons
4 NGO Execution Can be National or International NGO Recommended when: * project involves close cooperation with local stakeholders at the grassroots/community level;* NGOs under consideration have a comparative advantage in the areas the project targeting (experience, expertise or relations to the targeted beneficiaries);* Project calls for a lager number of extensive stakeholders consultations and participation
5 NEX Decision by Res. Rep (as AE and NGO) Considered as a norm Eligible institutions:* ministry or department within a ministry;* a semi-autonomous Covt institutions such as central bank, university, regional or local authority or municipality;Mechanisms for coordination to be described in prodoc, e.g. establishment of PMCDesignated institutions may contract other entities to undertake specific tasks as implementing agencies or subcontractors of the project.
6 EXPECTATIONS Better integration with national programs Strengthening local capacityImproved ownership and commitmentSustainabilityLower costs
7 NEX Advantages: VAT exemption Ensures transparency and gives the donors better trust.Customs etc easier when it is UNDPCan pay higher salaries to staff and attract better expertiseDisadvantages:Capacity constrainsInfluence of implementing agency interestsIn-country disputes and lack of cooperation between different Govt institutionsIn case of low Govt capacities often ends up close to DEX
8 CHALLENGES OF NEX Changes in Govt (staff and structure) No ownership (name vs institution)No follow up to signed co-financingLow capacity (in spate of frequent trainings: CDI, CDW, FPSS)No substantive commitment from partnersSignature of contracts, financial reportsProdoc signing delaysProject implementation delaysCorruption
9 CHALLENGES OF NEX 2. Absence of coordination FP is not functioning properlyEnvironmental Ministries the weakest of allGovt not able to bring co-financing3. Place of GEF projects in the COPoor understanding of importance of GEF projects for SDSeed co-financing from UNDP COUniqueness of the GEF portfolio
10 DEX Decision by Associate Administrator Used only in the countries with special development situationsMust be temporary by natureNeed to ensure transparency within UNDP by the division of responsibilities among several staff membersDEX evaluated by UNDP Evaluation Office inA key finding - direct implementation services provided by UNDP are not detrimental to national ownership
11 DEX Advantage Disadvantage Flexibility Environment for innovation Clear line of accountabilityCorruption avoidance and transparencyUNDP commitmentGreater efficiency/effectivenessUNDP neutrality ensures broader stakeholders participationDisadvantageIncreased cost for DEX start-upWeak financial system.DEX approval process somewhat centralized.
12 UNDP CO Support Service under the request of EA Formulating, monitoring and evaluationProvision of assistance for financial reporting and paymentsIdentification and recruitment of project personnelIdentification and provision of assistance for the implementation of training activitiesProcurement of goods and servicesFormal agreement for the provision of the support service to be signed
13 WHAT TO DO: INPUTS FOR THE DISCUSSION At the national levelUnderstanding that GEF is tool for introduction SD principles in the national policy (MDG7(9))GEF projects used as an entry point to strengthen national capacities for NEX.Involvement of CO in the early stages of formulation/negotiation.Identify constraints at the institutional level and at the CO level.Environment and GEF mainstreamed in the CO programme.At the regional levelOut-sourcing GEF Advisors on country levelsAt HQ levelTo follow up with DEX Evaluation recommendations