Presentation on theme: "The simple past tense expresses a completed action or describes a situation in the past. When do we use the simple past? - When the event is in the past."— Presentation transcript:
The simple past tense expresses a completed action or describes a situation in the past. When do we use the simple past? - When the event is in the past. - When the event is completely finished. What is the simple past?
How do we conjugate the simple past? Regular verbs. - With regular verbs, simply add -ed. AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I talkedI did not talkDid I talk? You talkedYou did not talkDid you talk? He talkedHe did not talkDid he talk? She talkedShe did not talkDid she talk? It talkedIt did not talkDid it talk? We talkedWe did not talkDid we talk? You talkedYou did not talkDid you talk? They talkedThey did not talkDid they talk? To talk
1- General rule Simply add –ed to the base form of the verb. Examples:answer / answeredshow / showed visit / visitedfill / filled 2- Verbs ending in -y When the –y is preceded by a vowel, apply the general rule. Examples: play / playedenjoy / enjoyed stay/ stayedpray/ prayed
When the –y is preceded by a consonant, change the –y for an –i and add -ed. Examples: carry / carriedcry / cried try/ triedstudy/ studied 3- Doubled consonant With verbs of one or two syllables that end by a consonant + a vowel + a consonant, double the last consonant and add –ed. Examples: drop / droppedstop / stopped tap/ tappedrub / rubbed
4- Verbs ending in -e Simply add -d. like / likedlive / lived create/ createddie / died Examples:
How do we conjugate the simple past? Irregular verbs. - With irregular verbs, use the past form of the verb. AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I wentI did not goDid I go? You wentYou did not goDid you go? He wentHe did not goDid he go? She wentShe did not goDid she go? It wentIt did not goDid it go? We wentWe did not goDid we go? You wentYou did not goDid you go? They wentThey did not goDid they go? To go
What are the keywords? YesterdayYesterday morning, the day before yesterday. AgoTwo minutes ago, three days ago, two days ago. InIn 1990, in November 2009. LastLast Friday, last weekend. OthersThe other day, from 2005 to 2008, between 2005 to 2008, before.