2 AdjectivesAn adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun.A heavy rainstorm soaked the campsite.Heavy is an adjective. It describes the rainstorm.Adjectives help you see, feel, taste, hear, and smell all the experiences you read about.Adjectives answer the questions what kind, which one, how many, and how much.
3 Adjectives What kind? Which one(s)? How many or how much? Green backpack, sturdy tent, spicy stewWhich one(s)?Last hamburger, third hike, every lanternHow many or how much?Two flashlights, many insects, little moonlight
4 Articles as adjectives The most commonly used adjectives are the articles a, an, and the.A candle, an elephant, the trailRemember! Use a before a singular word beginning with a consonant sound. Use an with a singular word beginning with a vowel sound.
5 Proper Adjectives Many adjectives are formed from common nouns. Some are formed by proper nouns.NounsAdjectivesRainRainySceneScenicBeautybeautifulNounsAdjectivesChinaChineseIrelandIrishMarsMartian
6 Predicate AdjectivesA predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the verb’s subject.The linking verb connects the predicate adjective with the subject.The volcanic eruption is violent.Is = linking verb, violent = adjective describing eruption**We have done this twice before.
7 Other words as adjectives Sometimes pronouns and nouns can be used as adjectives.
8 Pronouns as Adjectives Demonstrative Pronouns – This, that, these and those are demonstrative pronouns. They can be used as adjectives.This book was passed down from my grandmother.Possessive Pronouns – My, our, your, her, his, its, and their are possessive pronouns. They are used as adjectives.My house is brand new.
9 Pronouns as Adjectives Indefinite Pronouns – Indefinite pronouns such as all, each, both, few, most, and some can be used as adjectives.Some people love cats.
10 Nouns as AdjectivesLike pronouns, nouns can be used as adjectives. In the expression “mountain climber,” for example, the word mountain (normally a noun) modifies climber.Rock climbers practice indoors on winter nights.
11 AdverbsAn adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.Explorers eagerly chase adventure.Some explorers visit amazingly beautiful places.Others quite bravely explore the unknown – space.
12 AdverbsAdverbs answer the questions how, when, where, or to what extent.AdverbsHow?Suddenly, carefully, sadlyWhen?Now, later, soonWhere?There, up, aheadTo what extent?Completely, totally, fully
13 Adverbs Adverbs can appear in different positions in sentences. The tourists boarded the bus eagerly. (after verb)The tourists eagerly boarded the bus (before verb)Eagerly, the tourists boarded the bus. (at beginning)
14 AdverbsAdverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs usually come directly before the words they modify. They usually answer the question to what extent.Marco Polo told really wonderful tales of China.People were very eager to hear his stories.They nearly always hung on every word.
15 Forming AdverbsMany adverbs are formed by adding the suffix -ly to adjectives.Near becomes nearlyGentle becomes gentlyEasy becomes easily
16 Making ComparisonsAdjectives and adverbs can be used to compare people or things. Special forms of these words are used to make comparisons.Use the comparative form of an adjective or adverb when you compare a person or thing with one other person or thing.Todd is taller than Rachel.Use the superlative form of an adjective or adverb when you compare someone or something with more than one other person or thing.Todd is the tallest person in the family.However, Rachel is the most beautiful person in the family.
17 Regular Forms of Comparison For most one-syllable modifiers, ad -er to form the comparative. Add –est to form the superlative.One-Syllable ModifiersBase FormComparativeSuperlativeAdjectivesThinThinnerThinnestBraveBraverBravestAdverbsSlowSlowerSlowestSoonSoonerSoonest
18 Regular Forms of Comparison Two-Syllable ModifiersBase FormComparativeSuperlativeAdjectiveShallowShallowerShallowestAwfulMore awfulMost awfulAdverbsCalmlyMore calmlyMost calmlyBrisklyMore brisklyMost briskly
19 Regular Forms of Comparison Modifiers with More than Two SyllablesBase FormComparativeSuperlativeAdjectiveBeautifulMore beautifulMost beautifulDangerousMore dangerousMost dangerousAdverbGracefullyMore gracefullyMost gracefullyDangerouslyMore dangerouslyMost dangerously
20 Irregular Forms of Comparison The comparative and superlative forms of some adjectives and adverbs are completely different words. You don’t need to add –er or –est to an irregular comparison.Base FormComparativeSuperlativeAdjectivesGoodBetterBestBadWorseWorstAdverbsWellMuchMoreMostLittleLessLeast
21 Adjective or Adverb?Some pairs of adjectives and adverbs are often confused.Good and Well – Good is always an adjective. It modifies a noun or pronoun. Well is usually an adverb, modifying a verb, an adverb, or an adjective.Well is an adjective when it refers to health.Hi!! Happy b/day mrs.miller
22 Adjective or Adverb?Real or Really – Real is always an adjective; it modifies a noun or pronoun. Really is always an adverb; it modifies a verb, an adverb, or an adjective.Bad and Badly – Bad is always an adjective; it modifies a noun or pronoun. Badly is always an adverb; it modifies a verb, an adverb, or an adjective.
23 Avoiding Double Negatives A negative word is a word that says “no.” Contractions that end in n’t are negative words. Remember, n’t means not.Some common negative words: barely, neither, nobody, nothing, hardly, never, none, nowhereIf two negative words are used together, the result is a double negative. Avoid double negatives in speaking and writing.
24 Avoiding Double Negatives IncorrectI don’t want no pizza.CorrectI don’t want any pizza.I want no pizza.