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Surveillance and Broadcast Services

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1 Surveillance and Broadcast Services
ASAS TN2 The goals for NextGen focus on significantly increasing the safety, security, and capacity of air transportation operations. These benefits are achieved through a combination of new procedures and advances in technology deployed to manage passenger, air cargo, general aviation (GA), and air traffic operations. Advancements in aircraft capabilities allow for reduced separation and support the transition from rules-based operations to performance-based operations. Controller workload is no longer a limiting factor because of tools and automation, which provide expanded information and improved decision-making capabilities . In addition, the transition of separation responsibility from the controller to the flight crew in some areas allows controllers to focus on overall flow management instead of individual flight management. Increased levels of service and dynamic resource management will enable the NextGen to meet demand rather than constrain demand to meet available resources. The FAA's ADS-B program is one of the key enabling technology programs in the near term investment portfolio, chartered to deploy an initial set of advisory airborne applications. These initial air-to-air applications provide the safety foundation in which the high value future airborne applications will be built upon. The challenge is deciding on how to use current resources to deploy the initial set of applications, while simultaneously looking forward and wisely investing in future applications. Prioritization of the various future air-to-air applications will help focus critical resources towards developing and deploying these applications to ensure the innovations developed are effectively applied to produce value for the airspace users. Vincent Capezzuto April 23, 2007

2 Agenda NextGen ADS-B Background Program Status Program Risks
Key Upcoming Milestones Next Steps

3 Future Demands on the NAS

4 Key Near-Term Investments
Realizing NextGen Current Programs Key Near-Term Investments NextGen Trajectory-Based Operations Aircraft Data Communications Performance-Based Operations and Services Separation Management Collaborative TFM Precision Navigation Weather Integration Surveillance Services Network-Centric Information Sharing ERAM Enhancements Automated Problem Resolution Concept Demonstrations Trajectory-Based Ops/High Density Infrastructure Robust Flow of Information TFM-M Enhancements Time-Based Metering Terminal Enhancements Merging and Spacing Tools RNP/RNAV Expansion Precise Navigation Data Communications Flight Intent Downlink ADS-B Aircraft Separation SWIM/Net-Enabled Weather Net-Centric Information Sharing ERAM TFM-M STARS/CARTS RNP/RNAV Airspace Mgmt Program Initial ADS-B Initial SWIM There is no direct linkage between services provided and costs to operate the NAS. Operations are going up Trend is for smaller aircraft

5 Background: Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B)
Periodically transmits information with no pilot or operator input required Dependent Position and velocity vector are derived from the Global Positioning System (GPS) or a Flight Management System (FMS) Surveillance - A method of determining position of aircraft, vehicles, or other asset Broadcast Transmitted information available to anyone with the appropriate receiving equipment

6 Background: Traffic Information Service - Broadcast / Flight Information Service - Broadcast
TIS-B is a service which provides ADS-B equipped aircraft with position reports from secondary surveillance radar on non-ADS-B equipped aircraft. FIS-B transmits graphical National Weather Service products, temporary flight restrictions (TFRs), and special use airspace.

7 Background: Initial ADS-B Services
ASAS / RFG Conversion Surveillance Broadcast Services (en route, terminal, surface) - Airport surface surveillance (ADS-B-APT) - ATC surveillance in non-radar airspace (ADS-B-NRA) - ATC surveillance in radar areas (ADS-B-RAD) - Aircraft derived data for ground tools (ADS-B-ADD) Traffic / Flight Information Broadcast Services Not applicable

8 Background: Initial ADS-B Applications
FAA Applications: ASAS / RFG Conversion Enhanced Visual Acquisition - Enhanced traffic situational awareness during flight operations (ATSA-AIRB) Enhanced Visual Approaches Includes: Merging and Spacing Cockpit Display of Traffic Information (CDTI) Assisted Visual Separation (CAVS) - Enhanced visual separation on approach (ATSA-VSA) Merging and Spacing and CAVS are not applicable Final Approach and Runway Occupancy Awareness - Enhanced traffic situational awareness on the airport surface (ATSA-SURF) Airport Surface Situational Awareness Conflict Detection

9 Background: Program Governance
International Organizations

10 Background: ATMAC ADS-B Workgroup
Member Affiliation: Federal Aviation Administration Air Transport Association Joint Planning and Development Office RTCA, Inc. Air Line Pilots Association Regional Airline Association Rockwell Collins United Parcel Service Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association National Business Aviation Association United States Air Force MITRE / CAASD The Boeing Company Federal Express Products: Review and Validation of Program Strategy Access to Aviation Community for Avionics Cost and Benefits Basis of Estimate Backup Analysis Steering Committee Avionics Minimum Performance Requirements Link to Backup Analysis Recommendation

11 International Harmonization
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Aeronautical Surveillance Panel (ASP) Separation and Airspace Safety Panel (SASP) Caribbean and South American Regional Planning and Implementation Group (GREPECAS) Asia Pacific Air Navigation Planning and Implementation Regional Group (APINPIRG) Requirements Focus Group (RFG) Joint RTCA / EUROCAE Working Group Eurocontrol Action Plan 23 European Commission Airborne Separation Assistance System Thematic Network 2 (ASAS –TN 2) Recurring Coordination Meetings Transport Canada NAV CANADA Civil Aviation Safety Authority Airservices Australia These are all the organizations and panels that the program office is involved with.

12 Flow of ADS-B Standards
Current work based on Package 1 Action Plan 23 Future Applications (Package 2) RFG Deliverables Applicant Workgroup (proposed) OSEDs InterOps SPRs ASA MASPS ADS-B & TIS-B MASPS ASA Functional Reqt’s Acronyms: RFG: Requirements Focus Group OSEDs: Operational Services & Environment Description Interops: Interoperability specification SPRs: Safety and Performance Requirements ASA: Aircraft Surveillance Applications MASPS: Minimum Aircraft System Performance Specification ASAS: Airborne Separation Assurance Systems MOPS: Minimum Operational Performance Specification STP: Surveillance Transmit Processing CDTI: Cockpit Display of Traffic Information ASSAP: Airborne Surveillance and Separation Assurance Processing STP CDTI ASSAP Link MOPS 1090 MHz ES U.A.T. RTCA Activities

13 Program Status: Objective
Develop a multi-segment, life cycle managed, performance based ADS-B strategy that aligns with the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NGATS) vision and generates value for the National Airspace System (NAS) Integrate Concept of Operations for Portfolio of ADS-B Applications Develop Application Life Cycle Management Approach Establish Infrastructure Continuously Monitor Value and Adjust Investments

14 Program Status: Dual Track Strategy
Ground Infrastructure 2/2006 – 11/2006 11/2006 – 9/2007 1/2008 – 1/2009 4/2008 – 3/2010 10/2009 – 4/2010 9/2010 Deploy Ground Infrastructure Test Ground Infrastructure / Voluntary Avionics Equipage Initial Operating Capability Acquisition Planning Acquisition Execution In-Service Decision 2010 – 2013 Ground Infrastructure Deployment Pre-NPRM Separation Standards Modeling Separation Standards Approval Avionics Equipage Avionics Equipage 1/2007 – 8/2007 9/2009 2010 – 2020 Avionics Equipage Begins RPR Phase I RPR Phase 2 RPR Phase 3 NPRM Final Rule 4/2006 – 9/2006 9/2007 10/2007 – 4/2008 11/2009 12/2009 = Completed = In Process RPR = Rulemaking Project Record; NPRM = Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

15 Economic Analysis

16 Surveillance and Broadcast Services
SBS Work Breakdown Surveillance and Broadcast Services 1.0 Program Management 2.0 Standards and Rulemaking 3.0 Systems Engineering 4.0 Ops Support 5.0 Implementation Program Management Office Administration Funding and Financial Management TPMs, Schedule, EVM Risk Management Information Management ASAS TN ICAO APINPIRG GREPECAS International Outreach Data Management Rulemaking Advisory Circulars TSOs Guidance Material Standards RTCA / RFG ASP Analysis and Tools Requirements Management and Validation Functional Architecture Interface Control Separation Standards System Performance and Specification System Test and Evaluation Operational Testing Safety Risk Management CONOPS CHI Future Requirements and Applications Action Plan 23 Airspace Requirements Legacy Broadcast Services Sustainment Implementation Monitoring and Control Segment 1 Development and Delivery

17 SBS Work Breakdown FY07 Funding ($M)

18 Program Status: Risks (as of 4/12/07)
13 Total Risks: 4 High, 8 Medium, 1 Low Next Risk Board: April 26, 2007 High Risks Risk #1: If NAS users demonstrate active opposition to avionics related airspace mandates, there may be delays in required rulemaking activities and/or the program may experience a reduction in benefits. (5C) Risk #7: Without proper control of the 1090 MHz spectrum, the addition of SBS to the current environment may reduce the performance of ADS-B and other 1090 MHz systems, reducing benefits and system performance. (4D) Risk #23: If ADS-B separation standards are not approved for currently equivalent separation standards, then the performance benefits of ADS-B may not be realized. (4D) Risk #46: If FAA does not change flight plan format to accept multiple equipment codes, automation will not be able to distinguish between ADS-B equipped and non-equipped aircraft, and program ISD may be delayed. (5C) Source: SBS Risk Database

19 Key Upcoming Milestones
Separation Standards Risk reduced from high to medium: Planned August 2007 Final JRC to Rebaseline Segments 1 and 2: Planned September 2007 Contract Award: Planned September 2007 NPRM published on Federal Register: Planned September 2007

20 Next Steps Operational Implementation
Performance Based System Avionics Ground infrastructure Pilot / Controller Policy Airport Improvement Program Preferred routes Separation Standards Development Demonstrate current separations standards and better Success through program governance focused on a collaborative FAA / industry / international relationship

21 Additional Presentations
Roberta Massiah will be presenting on ASAS in NextGen on April 24, 2007 Randy Bone will be presenting on Flight Deck Merging and Spacing on April 24, 2007

22 Backup

23 Segment 1 Schedule Milestone Projected Completion Date Complete
Segment 1 JRC June 2006 Screening Information Request (SIR) Issued November 2006 Segment 2 JRC February 2007 Request for Offer Released March 2007 Contract Award September 2007 NPRM Issued Preliminary Design Review (PDR) November 2007 Critical Design Review (CDR) February 2008 Key Site Initial Operating Capability (IOC) of Broadcast Services August 2008 In-Service Decision (ISD) of Broadcast Services November 2008 Terminal Separation Standards Approval at Louisville June 2009 En Route Separation Standards Approval for Gulf of Mexico July 2009 Terminal Separation Standards Approval at Philadelphia September 2009 En Route Separation Standards Approval at Juneau Gulf of Mexico Comm. and Weather IOC Louisville IOC of Surveillance and Broadcast Services October 2009 Final Rule Published November 2009 Gulf of Mexico IOC of Surveillance and Broadcast Services December 2009 Philadelphia IOC of Surveillance and Broadcast Services February 2010 Juneau IOC of Surveillance and Broadcast Services April 2010 Surveillance and Broadcast Services ISD for ADS-B September 2010

24 Segment 2 Schedule Milestone Projected Dates Segment 2 (2009 – 2014) Implementation: Continue Initial Aircraft to Aircraft Application Deployment FY 2010 – FY 2014 Additional Aircraft to Aircraft Application Deployment Additional Aircraft to Aircraft Requirements Definition Continue / Complete TIS-B / FIS-B Deployment FY 2009 – FY 2012 Continue / Complete ADS-B NAS Wide Infrastructure Deployment FY 2010 – FY 2013 Complete 26% Avionics FY 2014 Lifecycle: Targeted Removal of Legacy Surveillance FY 2016 – FY 2020 Complete 100% Avionics FY 2020 Complete Removal of Targeted Legacy Surveillance FY 2023 Complete Targeted Removal of TIS-B FY 2025 Note: Segments 3 and 4 will focus on the continued definition / deployment of additional aircraft to aircraft applications

25 Backup Analysis Recommendation
The FAA should adopt Backup Strategy 1, “Secondary Radar” Retain (reduced) secondary radar network to cover required airspace, and use primary radar to mitigate single-aircraft avionics failures Requires approximately 40 terminal Secondary Surveillance Radars (SSRs) and 150 en route SSRs be retained beyond 2020 (compared to a total of approximately 380 today) No additional equipage required for aircraft This strategy is assessed as having the highest performance ranking and lowest life cycle cost The FAA should revisit this assessment prior to committing to radar investments beyond 2020 Changes in evaluation assumptions could significantly affect results of this assessment Investment decision for Strategy 1 required no later than FY2014 Link to ATMAC ADS-B Work Group

26 Segment 2 Business Case Review: Legacy Surveillance Costs
Link to ATMAC ADS-B Work Group

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