Presentation on theme: "Lesson Planning and Preparation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson Planning and Preparation Domain #1: Planning, Preparation & AssessmentMain Points:It’s time to devote attention to the power of the lesson plan and preparation as the first step in addressing many of the issues we struggle with across our own district. As most obviously noted through student achievement results and most recently through JIT and SQR review findings, we are struggle in certain areas of teaching in learning. Many of these challenges or stressors can be alleviated or reduced through the steps it takes to effectively plan and prepare for each lesson that is delivered. These areas of concern, which are noted on our state ed. review documents, include:Student engagementDifferentiated InstructionCo-teachingAnd most obviously noted was the lack of evidence in instruction to support the occurrence of effective lesson planning
5 Purpose of Our Work Today Domain #1: Planning, Preparation & AssessmentPurpose: Training TodayLaser-focus on Domain #1: Looking at Planning, Preparation and Assessment.However, you will be working hands-on with your Content Director to specifically address Component 1A: Demonstrating knowledge of content and pedagogy - - after this presentation.
8 Lesson Planning and Preparation The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precise the directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate.Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching
9 Consider This Research … According to Emma McDonald, co-author of Survival Tips for New Teachers (2006), “One of the best ways to lower the amount of stress you deal with on a daily basis is to be prepared.” She adds, “Preparation is absolutely the key to being a successful teacher. The more thought and effort you put into your lessons and your job, the better you will be. You also will be less stressed during the year.”Teachers are not the only ones to benefit greatly from effective lesson planning. Research indicates that all students benefit from, and appreciate, well-structured lessons. (Kizlik, 2010).Students are very observant. They generally know when teachers are prepared. Students today seem to have a need for constant momentum or stimulation (Marcotte, 2010). When there is “down time”, or hesitation from teachers trying to decide what to do, students can shift quickly from being on-track to off and away from the task at hand. Teachers who have planned well for a lesson are more likely to have attentive students. An atmosphere that helps them be more attentive is a definite benefit to students from effectively planned lessons.Our Students Are Depending on Us!
10 The Advantages Increased Student Performance Clear purposes for learning for studentsTeacher and student ownership of learningIncrease student productivityDecreased need for interventionImproved classroom learning environmentMore strategic use of resourcesWhy Lesson Planning?Here are some Advantages…All of these are good first teaching practices - - when Lesson Planning is done effectively!
13 DOMAIN 1: PLANNING, PREPARATION AND ASSESSMENT Domain 1 RubricDOMAIN 1: PLANNING, PREPARATION AND ASSESSMENTTeachers demonstrate how they design instruction beginning with a deep understanding of content and pedagogy and an understanding of the students and how they learn. All elements of the instructional design---learning activities, materials and strategies--- must be appropriate to both the content and the students and aligned with instructional goals. Assessment techniques must also reflect the instructional outcomes and should serve to document student progress. The design of instruction must account for a range of assessment strategies: formative and summative, formal and informal. High quality assessment practice makes students fully aware of criteria and performance standards, informs teacher’s instructional decisions and leverages both teacher and student feedback.Highly EffectiveEffectiveDevelopingIneffectiveTeacher lesson planning demonstrates extensive knowledge of current research about student development, student learning, and language acquisition theories. Teacher applies this knowledge to the whole class and makes accommodations for individual students.Teacher lesson planning demonstrates accurate knowledge of current research about student development, student learning, and language acquisition theories. Teacher applies this knowledge to the whole class.Teacher recognizes the value of current research and makes some attempt to apply this knowledge when planning, but does not always apply it accurately.Teacher’s lesson planning demonstrates limited understanding or is unfamiliar with current research about student development, student learning, and language acquisition theories or does not attempt to apply it.The teacher’s planning demonstrates extensive understanding of students’ interests, prior knowledge, cultural background, and diverse learning needs. Teacher applies this knowledge to the whole class and makes accommodations for individual students.The teacher’s planning demonstrates an accurate understanding of students’ interests, prior knowledge, cultural background, and diverse learning needs. Teacher applies this knowledge to the class as a whole; however the needs of some individuals may not be accommodated.Teacher recognizes the value of understanding students’ interests, prior knowledge and cultural heritage but does not usually apply the knowledge when planning lessons.The teacher ‘s planning demonstrates a lack of knowledge of students’ interests and cultural knowledge and/or indicates that the teacher does not value it.The teacher’s planning demonstrates extensive knowledge of the important concepts in the subject and how these relate both to one another and to other subjects. The plans reflect an understanding of the prerequisite relationships among topics, concepts and other subjects through the use of multiple explanations.The teacher ‘s planning demonstratessolid knowledge of the importantconcepts in the subject and reflectsan understanding of the relationshipsamong topics and concepts within thesubject..The teacher’s planning displays familiarity with the important concepts in the subject but displays a lack of awareness of the relationships among topics and concepts within the subject.Teacher’s lesson plan displays limited knowledge of the important concepts and/or includes content errors. Relationships among topics and concepts are not made.The teacher’s lesson planning is aligned with NYS Common Core Standards/RCSD Standards and reflects a familiarity with a wide range of effective instructional strategies and anticipates student misconceptions.The teacher’s lesson planning is aligned with NYS Common Core Standards/RCSD Standards and reflects a familiarity with a wide range of effective instructional strategies.The teacher’s lesson planning demonstrates an attempt to align some NYS Common Core Standards/RCSD Standards with the lesson and an attempt is made to use a few different instructional strategies in the lesson plan.The teacher‘s lesson planning demonstrates little or no alignment with NYS Common Core Standards/RCSD Standards and/or does not vary instructional strategies.Reminder: Our focus is Domain #1What is Domain #1:---Teachers demonstrate how they design instruction beginning with a deep understanding of content and pedagogy and an understanding of the students and how they learn.---All elements of the instructional design---learning activities, materials and strategies--- must be appropriate to both the content and the students and aligned with instructional goals.--- Assessment techniques must also reflect the instructional outcomes and should serve to document student progress.
14 Student Achievement Depends on Effective Lesson Planning APPR—Domain 1See Guidance Document for Instructionally Focused ConversationsIn order to guide student learning, teachers must have command of the subject they teach. (Demonstrate knowledge of content and pedagogy)In order to ensure student learning, teachers must not only know content and related pedagogy, but they must know students to whom they will teach that content. (Demonstrating Knowledge of Students)Teaching must be purposeful through established outcomes that focus on what the students will learn, not on what the students will do. (Setting Rigorous Instructional Outcomes)Instruction must be based on the coordination of knowledge and resources in ways that give all students access through differentiated but cognitively challenging learning experiences, allowing for different pathways that accommodate diverse learners. (Demonstrating Knowledge of Resources and Designing Coherent Instruction)Teaching requires assessments of learning and for learning. (Designing Student Assessments)These criteria don’t just happen! It takes careful planning and preparation. It takes understanding your content, utilizing effective teaching practices and strategies, knowing your students interests, strengths and challenges, and planning so strategically that learning outcomes are able to be achieved in MOST cases.
16 Identify three Things For Each… Components of Domain #1Identify three Things For Each…Demonstrate knowledge of content and pedagogyDemonstrating Knowledge of StudentsSetting Rigorous Instructional OutcomesDemonstrating Knowledge of Resources and Designing Coherent InstructionDesigning Student Assessments5 Different Things: Plan for 15 – 20 MinsAt the Tables for the Teachers…… Make a Sign for Each ComponentSigns: 5 Diff GroupsDirections:Each Table Has a Sign with one of the Components of Domain #1As a Group / Table - - Identify Three Things that you as the Teacher would plan / show evidence of in your Lesson Planning for your Content AreaUse the Easel Paper, to Post your Results as a TeamGive the Room Additional 5 Mins: Gallery Walk Around the Room - - to see ideas / strategies / resources you can leverage for your upcoming Lesson Planning for the upcoming School Year.Open the Floor: A couple of Volunteers - - Share A Few Things You Observed - - GREAT to Leverage in you Toolkit Any Questions? Walking Around the Room To Assist…….Post Table's Results on Easel Paper
17 Great teaching is always mapped out! Model a culture that values and attends to effective lesson planning and preparation.Articulate clear expectations around your lesson plans for your students.Demonstrate effective use of time during planning periods or team meetings.Prepare: Instructional Focused Conversations with Administrator….
18 Why EFFECTIVE lessons Are Important!!!!… Thank You!