Presentation on theme: "IT’S GRAMMAR TIME! Fall 2012 English 102 Honors: Clauses and Types of Sentences YES!! I HEART GRAMMAR! Sentence Types Baby…"— Presentation transcript:
IT’S GRAMMAR TIME! Fall 2012 English 102 Honors: Clauses and Types of Sentences YES!! I HEART GRAMMAR! Sentence Types Baby…
WHY SHOULD YOU BE A GRAMMAR JAMMER WITH HAMMER? So check it… After today’s lesson you will have LEARNED THIS : 1. Students will be able to recognize a variety of phrases within sentences.
What is a phrase????????????? A phrase is a group of words that is used as a single part of speech and does not contain a verb and its subject. There are many types of phrases: prepositional phrases, participial phrases, gerund phrases, infinitive phrases, and appositive phrases. Don’t worry…at this stage you don’t have to be able to identify each kind of phrase… Instead, you just need to know that if you see a group of related words without both a subject and verb, then a phrase does exist! Don’t worry…at this stage you don’t have to be able to identify each kind of phrase… Instead, you just need to know that if you see a group of related words without both a subject and verb, then a phrase does exist!
What is a prepositional phrase? A prepositional phrase is a group of words consisting of a preposition, a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object. Mrs. Billimack keeps her brand new Kindle Fire HD in her backpack. preposition Object of the preposition
What is a participial phrase? A participial phrase consists of a participle (a verb form that can be used as an adjective) and all the words related to the participal. Taking out her new Kindle, Mrs. Billimack proceeded to read the first book in the Game of Thrones series. participle The phrase modifies the noun, Mrs. Billimack.
What is a gerund phrase? A gerund phrase consists of a gerund (a verb form ending in –ing that is used as a noun) and all the words related to the gerund. Having a Kindle allows Mrs. Billimack to transport her library anywhere so that she is never without something to read. gerund The phrase is the subject of the verb allows.
What is an infinitive phrase? An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive (a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb) and all the words related to the infinitive. To read for an entire hour seems decadent when there are so many paragraphs to grade, so Mrs. Billimack tries to make the most of the small moments available to her. Infinitive (hint: look for the word to) The phrase is the subject of the verb seems.
What is an appositive phrase? An appositive phrase consists of an appositive (a noun or pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or explain it) and all its modifiers. Her Kindle, an amazing ereader, makes it possible for her to always be ready when those reading minutes present themselves—in the grocery line, during passing periods, even on the kitchen counter while the coffee is brewing. The appositive that explains the proper noun, Kindle.
STOP IN THE NAME OF PRACTICE! We’ll practice with phrases next week and have a quiz on Friday, 1/31.