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 After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and turn to the Bellringer section!!

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Presentation on theme: " After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and turn to the Bellringer section!!"— Presentation transcript:

1  After quietly taking your seat, take out your binder and turn to the Bellringer section!!

2 1) What are the three regions of the first 13 colonies? 2) What is one word you would use to describe how the colonists felt after England would pass a Navigation Act? 3) In your own words, define mercantilism.

3 7 th Grade American History

4  Colonies bursting with citizens  Grown from just 50,000 to over a million colonists in just 100 years  Why is this???  Americans had more freedom to run their own country than any other country in Europe; very attractive selling point

5  As colonies grow, colonists dream of moving west past the Appalachian Mountains  Wanted to move to the Ohio River Valley  Both Britain and France claimed this region

6  Land was controlled by French fur traders for the most part  French forts built deep in Ohio River Valley  British continued to build forts deep into territory  What next???

7  France drives British forces out of Ohio River Valley Territory, with the help of the Native Americans  Why did the Native Americans side with the French?  The French wanted to trade furs  French were less imposing than British colonies  Some French even followed Native American customs

8  British fear that they will lose land they had already claimed, or even worse, lose the colonies all together.  A young 22-year-old Virginian was sent to tell the French they were trespassing and to leave the Ohio River Valley  George Washington

9  French refuse to leave, ignore the British and George Washington aka GW  Governor of Virginia gives GW 150 troops and orders him to build a fort in French Territory near Pittsburg  French had already built Fort Dusquene on the spot…

10  GW builds fort nearby; Fort Necessity  Decides to attack French  Drastically outnumbered, loses miserably, forced to surrender  Even though he was defeated, GW still becomes national hero for striking first blow  Start of French and Indian War

11  British sent 1,400 troops led by General Edward Braddock to combat the French  GW volunteered to assist Braddock  Warned the general that Britain’s fighting style would not work in the wilderness  Braddock ignored GW, and guess what happened…?

12  General Braddock and troops attacked by French and Native Americans firing behind trees  Over 1,000 killed, including Braddock  News of loss reaches Europe, start of Seven Years War

13  British struggled for several years while French and the Native Americans used knowledge of Ohio River Valley to their advantage  British keep financing war in America, building lots of debt  (Important for the future!)

14  Tide of war changes when British General James Wolfe captures Quebec (Canada!)  Gave British sizeable advantage

15  French and British sign the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the wars in Europe and America  Terms  Gave Canada to Britain  British also gained all French lands east of the Mississippi River, except for New Orleans and two other port cities

16  Colonists start to move westward to settle new lands  Things have never looked better for the colonists!  So what’s next??...



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