Presentation on theme: "Motivation & Emotion in Everyday Life Mrs. Hensley AP Psych."— Presentation transcript:
Motivation & Emotion in Everyday Life Mrs. Hensley AP Psych
Motivational Concepts Motivation : a need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal “the intense love and joy Ralston felt demonstrate the close ties between our emotions and our motivated behaviors Our motivations arise from the interplay of nature and nurture 3 perspectives psychologists use to understand motivated behaviors Drive reduction theory Arousal theory A hierarchy of needs
Question?? For each motive-”how are we pushed by our inborn bodily needs and pulled by incentives in the environment?
Drive Reduction Theory Makes 3 assumptions: We have physiological needs such as the need for food or water If a need is not met, it creates a drive, an aroused, motivated state such as hunger or thirst That drive pushes us to reduce the need by eating or drinking-for example Homeostasis: our body’s natural tendency to maintain a steady internal state (staying the same) Incentives
Arousal theory Arousal=energy/tense Some motivated behaviors increase arousal Examples???
A Hierarchy of Needs Some needs are more important than others Abraham Maslow viewed human needs as a pyramid Discuss hierarchy Hunger Need to belong
Emotion, Arousal, Behavior & Cognition Motivated behavior is often connected to powerful emotions Emotions are our body’s adaptive response, supporting our survival When we face challenges, emotions focus our attention and energize our action Heart races, pace quickens, etc. Emotions are a mix of: Bodily arousal Expressive behaviors Conscious experiences
Assignment Provide adequate explanation of the following: What physiological factors cause us to feel hungry? How do psychological, biological, cultural, and situational factors affect our taste preferences and eating habits? What factors predispose some people to become and remain obese? What evidence points to our human need to belong? How does social networking influence us? Explain the theories of emotion and provide an example of each: James lange theory Cannon-bard Scachter-singer Zajonc;ledoux Lazarus
Assignment cont’d What are some basic emotions? Hat is the link between emotional arousal and the autonomic nervous system? How do we communicate nonverbally? How do women and men differ in these abilities? How are nonverbal expressions of emotion understood within and across cultures? How do facial expressions influence our feelings?