Presentation on theme: " THE UNITED NATIONS Global Classrooms 2014-2015 IES San Juan Bautista."— Presentation transcript:
THE UNITED NATIONS Global Classrooms 2014-2015 IES San Juan Bautista
What does it do? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EGBl6r6XslU
Key Words People of the world Better Humanitarian Remembering and Celebrating People Helping Others Need Support
What does this mean to you? “The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.”
U.N. History Began as the League of Nations in 1920 after the First World War (WWI). Served as an international organization to discuss the world’s biggest problems. Proposed by U.S. president Woodrow Wilson
The United Nations, as we know it today, was founded after World War II in response to the failed efforts of the League of Nations and the horrors of WWII.
Why create the U.N. after WWII? World War II was a global conflict that resulted in more lost lives than any other war 45-60 million were killed in total 6 million Jews were murdered in concentration camps as part of Hitler’s Nazi regime (known as the Holocaust )
The name was decided by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt In 1945, representatives from 51 countries united in San Francisco to sign the United Nations Charter
Member States (Countries) The U.N. currently has 193 members. WHEN DID SPAIN JOIN? 1955
Official Languages Arabic Chinese English French Russian Spanish
About the GA All Un Member States are represented. Each country has 1 vote. Topics include: globalization, AIDS, conflict in Africa, protection of the environment Cannot force action by any state but it’s recommendations are important and represent moral authority
About the SC There are 15 members. Five permanent members : China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the USA Other 10 are elected for two-year tearms Primary responsibility: maintain international peace and security
About ECOSOC This council has 54 members, elected by the General Assembly for three-year terms. Coordinates the economic and social work of the United Nation and UN family of organizations Focuses on issues such as social development, the status of women, crime prevention, narcotic drugs, and environmental protection
Loosely related to ECOSOC… International Monetary Fund
About the Trusteeship Council Established to provide international supervision to 11 Trust territories (linked to colonization) administered by seven member states to ensure that adequate steps are taken to prepare territories for self-governance and independence. Five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, UK, USA
Now, all Trust territories have attained self-governance. Suspended operations on November 1, 1994 with the independence of Palau. A resolution adopted in 1994 states that the committee will meet only as needed.
Discussion Questions Do you know of any projects that the United Nations has supported? Why is it important to have a global community that works to address the world’s problems? Do you think the UN is effective? What can we do to strengthen the international organization?
Homework Ask a family member: WHAT IS THE BIGGEST PROBLEM FACING OUR WORLD TODAY? WHAT SHOULD WE DO ABOUT IT? Write down the response.