3 DEFINITIONS:“The state of being a member of a particular country and having rights because of it.”“The state of living in a particular area or town and behaving in a way that other people who live there expect of you”
4 Definitions continued: “A citizen is a participatory member of a political community. Citizenship is gained by meeting the legal requirements of a nation, state, or local government. A nation grants certain rights and privileges to its citizens. In return, citizens are expected to obey their country’s laws and defend it against its enemies.
5 Becoming a Canadian Citizen Canadian Citizenship Act of 1947:Children who had a Canadian mother and father but were born in a foreign country are Canadian citizens.Children who had a Canadian mother and a non- Canadian father were not Canadian citizens.Immigrants who wanted to become citizens had to meet certain conditions.
6 Canadian Citizen Act of 1977 Be 18 years of age or olderBe a permanent resident of CanadaHave lived in Canada for three of the four years before applying for citizenshipSpeak either English or FrenchKnow Canada’s history and geographyUnderstand Canada’s system of governmentPeople who apply must pass a test
7 NATURALIZATION:The process of becoming the citizen of a country other than the one in which one was born.
8 ANSWERS TO CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP TEST: French men/Native WomenShipbuilding, Agriculture, FishingFur TradeBNA ActCharter of Rights and Freedoms (Britain no longer had to give permission for decisions concerning Canada)New BrunswickPeace TowerAtlantic, Central, Praries, West, TerritoriesYukonQuebec
9 Atlantic, Central, Praries, West, Territories YukonQuebecParliamentary Government300 years1867Chosen by the Prime Minister to be in charge of a certain departmentMichigan, Erie, Huron, Ontario, Superior
10 In the height of the summer, the sun can shine for 24 hours BeaverAtlantic, Arctic, PacificLate 1700’sThe party with the 2nd highest number of representatives in the House of Commons
11 RIGHTSAfter the Holocaust and the Second World War, Canada and other countries resolved to improve conditions in the world by creating legislation to guarantee human rights. It was Saskatchewan who passed the first Bill of Rights in The Canadian Bill of Rights was passed in 1960.
12 UNIVERSAL DECLARATION ON HUMAN RIGHTS This document was written by Canadian John Humphrey. It was adopted by the United Nations in It was the first of its kind. John Humphrey was born in 1905 in Hampton, New Brunswick.
13 1. What was the BNA act? Who controlled this act? The British North America Act. It was Canada’s first constitution. It was an act of the British Parliament, only the British could change it.
14 2. Explain the significance of the Constitution Act of 1982. The Canadian government could now create or change laws without having to seek the approval of the British Parliament.
15 CHARTER OF RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS RIGHTS OR FREEDOMS:EXAMPLES GIVENFundamental FreedomsFreedom of conscience or religion, freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expressionDemocratic rightsThe right to voteMobility rightsThe right to travel and work in any provinceLegal rightsThe right not to be detained or imprisoned without good cause; the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.Equality rightsProtection from discrimination on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, or mental or physical disability
16 Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Find the Charter on-line. Then…Explain which two rights and freedoms you think are the most important and why.
17 The Not Withstanding Clause What is clause 33 and why is it significant?This is the NOTWITHSTANDING CLAUSE.It allows provincial and federal governments to make exceptions in certain cases.
18 DEMOCRACY:1. government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.3. a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights and privileges.4. political or social equality; democratic spirit.
19 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEMOCRATIC CONCEPT?BCEMesopotamiaA babylonian king named Hammurabi organized the laws of his land.Nearly 300 laws carved on stone.Penalties based on social class.Not democratic.Everyone could see the consequences of their actions.
20 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEMOCRATIC CONCEPT?BCEGreeceCitizens established a direct democracy.All citizens vote on all government decisions.
21 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEOMCRATIC CONCEPT?450 BCERomeThe twelve tables of Roman laws was established in the Roman Forum.Establishes rules about property disputes, contracts, and wills.Citizens could have a legal representative at a trial.
22 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEMOCRATIC CONCEPT?1215EnglandKing John (1215) is forced to sign the “Magna Carta” or Great CharterThe king was no longer above the law.Everyone had a right to a fair trial.Leads to the development of a parliament.
23 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLE?ADNorth AmericaThe peacemaker travelled to Haudenosaunee.The warring nations made peace with each other.Form the Six Nations Confederacy.Establishes a Grand Council and governments for each nation.
24 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEMOCRATIC CONCEPT?1600’sEnglandWar between King Charles I and parliament results in Charles execution and England becomes a republic (not ruled by a king or queen)The parliament, not the monarchy governs Britain.The government should protect the peoples peace, liberty and property, and people obey the government.
25 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEMOCRATIC CONCEPT?Late 1700’sUnited StatesThe thirteen colonies in the US go to war with Britain and win.(Unfair taxation issues)This establishes a democratic republic called the USA.Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
26 TIME PERIODLOCATIONWHAT DEVELOPMENT OCCURRED?WHAT WAS THE DEMOCRATIC CONCEPT?1789FranceThe French Revolution takes place.Unfair taxation and conflict between social classes.Freedom equality and brotherhood.Removes the Monarchy and the privileges of the upper classes.
27 NB Provincial Government There are 55 ridings in New Brunswick.Each riding votes on a candidate toRepresent them in the “legislativeassembly”.Those people become an “MLA” or “Memberof the Legislative Assembly”.The legislative assembly is the body of people elected in each province and territory to make and pass laws.The Premier is the leader of the party that holds the most seats in the legislature.