2 Administrative LawsEach state has laws that enable state officials to control the operation of the state’s HTS. Among the laws are ADMINISTRATIVE LAWS, which establish the procedures for issuing drivers licenses and learner’s permits and registering motor vehicles.Other procedures cover the financial responsibilities of vehicle drivers and owners and the minimum safety equipment and care of a vehicle.**To drive and own a vehicle, you must obey your state’s motor vehicle laws-beginning with obtaining a license to drive.
3 Comply with Administrative Laws Getting a driver’s license….. Pg 98 Write down the stepsViolations and the point system….Certificate of Title- this proves that you own the vehicle. The certificate lists the name of the owner and make, style, vehicle identification number (VIN), and engine number of the vehicle.Vehicle Registration- You must register your vehicle with the state. You will receive license plates and a registration form. Must renew every year or two and keep in your vehicle at all times.Insurance- Must have! This shows that you can pay for damages you may cause if you are in a crash that results in death, injury, or property damage to others.
4 Vehicle Registration and Title When you register your vehicle, you are providing the state with a record of that vehicle. This registration allows you to use your vehicle on Illinois roadways.To register your vehicle in Illinois, you must have an Illinois Certificate of Title. (This document shows that you own the vehicle.)All vehicles and mobile homes must have a Certificate of Title whether or not they are registered.A purchaser of a vehicle must obtain registration for that vehicle prior to its operation on the roadways.
5 Mandatory InsuranceAll motor vehicles operated in Illinois must be covered by liability insurance. This pays for injuries or damages you may cause with your vehicle to other persons or their property. Vehicle owners are required to provide insurance information at the time of registration renewal.Minimum liability insurance limits:$20,000 for injury or death of one person in a crash$ 40,000 for injury or death of more than one person in a crash$15,000 for damage of property of another person
6 Enforcement lawsRandom computer checks by the Secretary of State’s office and traffic tickets. Penalties include:Minimum $500 fine for driving uninsured.Suspension of your vehicle registrations until the reinstatement fee is submitted for a first offense. A repeat offenders face a four-month suspension. Your vehicle may not be driven by anyone while its license plates are suspended. The minimum fine for driving a suspended vehicles is $1,000$100 reinstatement fee and proof of insurance.
7 Right of WayRight of way is always given by someone. Sometimes you will have to yield the right of way or let others go first.Right of way laws are the same in ALL states.Look at page 100 and 101
8 When should you yield the Right-of-Way? Yield to people that are blind and are carrying a white cane or using a guide dog, no matter where they crossYield to any pedestrians at the crosswalks.Yield to School buses that are loading or unloading students. You MUST STOP and wait.Yield to any emergency vehicles.- If an emergency vehicle is coming in your lane move to the far right lane and stop. You may then proceed once the emergency vehicle(s) have passed you. If you are going in the opposite direction, you do not need to stop but you need to move to the far right lane.
9 Speed Limits Help in Reducing Risk The most important requirements for safe driving are visibility, time, and space.Speed limits are chosen to protect you and other drivers.What factors are speed limits decided on?The speed limit signs reflect the MAXIMUM speed at which you can drive under the best conditions.
10 Types of Speed LimitsAdvisory Speed LimitFixed Speed Limit
11 Kinds of Speed LimitsFixed Speed Limit-Maximum and Minimum speed that a vehicle. Drivers may never legally travel at a speed faster than the maximum posted speed. Drivers whose speed is greater than the posted maximum speed can be arrested or ticketed.-A vehicle driving below the minimum posted speed can be dangerous to other drivers who must suddenly slow down when they approach the vehicle.
12 Advisory Speed LimitAll roads are not straight and flat, they have hills, curves, and other changes in the road way.For example on Lake Shore Drive the posted speed limit drops for the road to curve around the lake from 40mph to 25mph.
13 Basic Speed LawsRegardless of the posted speed limit, you must always drive at a speed that is reasonable and proper for existing conditions such as weather, road, or traffic conditions.
14 The HIGHER the Speed……-Less time the driver has to spot dangerous situations and take actions-Greater the time and distance it takes to stop a vehicle-Greater the chance the vehicle will skid or roll over on a turn-Greater the force of impact will be in a collision-Greater the personal injuries and property damage in a collision