Presentation on theme: "Using Quotations in Your Writing Thank you Mrs. Hayes."— Presentation transcript:
Using Quotations in Your Writing Thank you Mrs. Hayes
Provide evidence to support your assertions 1.All quotations should be tied to your sentences. Introduce them. They should never suddenly appear out of nowhere. Never use a quotation as a complete sentence by itself. –Incorrect: Scout describes Walter Cunningham. “Walter looked as if he had been raised on fish food: his eyes, as blue as Dill Harris’s, were red-rimmed and watery” (23). –Correct: Scout says, “Walter looked as if he had been raised on fish food: his eyes, as blue as Dill Harris’s were red-rimmed and watery” (23).
Provide evidence to support your assertions 2.(Commentary) Discuss your quotations. Do not quote someone and then leave the words hanging as if they were self-explanatory. What does the quotation mean and how does it help establish the point you are making? They are not substitutes for your ideas and they do not stand by themselves. It is often useful to apply some interpretive phrasing after a quotation, to show the reader that you are explaining the quotation and that it supports your argument: Here we see that… This statement shows… We can conclude from this that…
Provide evidence to support your assertions 3.Vary the verbs you use to introduce quotations. Some examples include: –saysinforms usalleges –writesclaimsstates –observescommentsthinks –notesaffirmsasserts –remarksexplainsargues –addsdeclarestells us
Embedding Quotes 1.A more effective use of quotations is to embed a part of the sentence into your writing. Effective: Scout recognizes Walter’s hunger in his “red-rimmed and watery eyes” and his looking “as if he had been raised on fish food” (23).
Embedding Quotes 2.Use an ellipsis, three periods with spaces between them (…), within a quotation to show that part of the original text is left out. An ellipsis at the beginning or end of a quotation is unnecessary.
Embedding Quotes 3.Use single quotation marks around material that is already in quotations in the source you are quoting. Single quotation marks are used only inside normal (double) quotation marks. Example: Harper Lee’s use of dialect adds to the character development. Jem’s age and almost brotherly concern show when he says to Dill, “’she ain’t gonna get you. He’ll talk her out of it. That was fast thinkin’, son’” (55). Example: Scout feels Jem’s emotion as she sees that his “shoulders jerked as if each ‘guilty’ was a separate stab between them” (211).
Embedding Quotes 4.Sometimes it is necessary to change the form of a word in a quotation (“walks” to “walked”) or to add a word of your own to make the sentence flow. Use brackets, [ ], to indicate anything you have changed. Example: Regarding Mrs. Dubose, Atticus says to Jem that he “wanted [him] to see something about her” (112).
Works Cited MLA Style Citing an Entire Website Name of Site. Date of Posting/Revision. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sometimes found in copyright statements). Date you accessed the site. The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. 26 Aug. 2005. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. 23 April 2006.
Works Cited MLA Style Citing one page from a Website Author Last Name, Author First Name. “Title of page.” Name of Website. Date of posting. Date you accessed the site. Stolley, Karl. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006.>.
In-text Citations MLA Style In-text Citations follow the same format as a book (Author last name pg. #) If no author, put corporate author or organization, i.e. (American Red Cross) If no organization, use the first word of the title. If no page number, simply leave out.
WORKS CITED ACTIVITY Your assignment is to create a Works Cited for the following four websites: http://www.mardigras.com/ entire sitehttp://www.mardigras.com/ http://www.novareinna.com/festive/mardi.h tmlhttp://www.novareinna.com/festive/mardi.h tml http://www.gmc.edu/library/neworleans/NO mardi.htmhttp://www.gmc.edu/library/neworleans/NO mardi.htm http://eoa.auburn.edu/face/Article.jsp?id=h -1437http://eoa.auburn.edu/face/Article.jsp?id=h -1437