Presentation on theme: "Village and Family Life in India World Cultures Period 3: Mrs. Zaber."— Presentation transcript:
Village and Family Life in India World Cultures Period 3: Mrs. Zaber
Village Life The basic unit of society A headman governed the villages The variety of castes completed the jobs Self-sufficient People from different villages met and mingled Landlords held most of the power What caste includes landlords?
Village Crops North: wheat and barley Plains: rice Ghee: oil from cow’s milk
Family Life Joint Family: Extended Family Patriarchal: Oldest male in charge Arranged marriages
Traditional Indian View “Father is heaven, father is religion, the gods are pleased by pleasing father.”
Marriage Often arranged when children were young Bride’s family paid for wedding Usually a young bride and an older groom “One fine day in November of 1910, I was preparing for my annual school examination when I was told that I would not have to go to school anymore for my marriage had been arranged.” Shuda Ghose: 11 years old
Shuda Ghose She was eleven and her new husband was twice her age “I only wanted to go to school, but my opinion did not count.” The bride and groom met for the first time at their wedding. The festivities lasted for several days.
Marriage verse “In all that I dedicate myself, offer thou thy heart. May thy mind in all consciousness follow mine. May thy speech be ever one with mine. May the Lord of Creation keep thee ever dedicated to me.” “I shall try my utmost.’
Women’s Lives Women had few rights Only women have shakti or creative energy Men lacked this and were incomplete until they were married Women were seen as dangerous unless ruled by a man.
Hindu law code “A woman should do nothing independently even in her own house. In childhood subject to her father, in youth to her husband, and when her husband is dead to her sons, she should never enjoy independence.”
Purdah Higher caste women had to live in complete seclusion They were kept separate from all men except for their husbands and close relatives.
Widows Forbidden to remarry Had to live a life of hardship to erase the sins of her husband: sati Some widows threw themselves onto their husband’s funeral fires rather than endure a hard life.