Presentation on theme: "Sustainable Ecotourism in Costa Rica and the United States"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sustainable Ecotourism in Costa Rica and the United States Roslyn Albee, Carl Carnagey, and Neysa DaquilanteNeysa
2 After This Presentation You Should Be Able To: Understand what ecotourism is, its importance, and what impacts may result in Costa Rica and the U.S.Describe activities that make up ecotourism in Costa Rica and the U.S. and how they may differAnalyze if an ecotourism activity or operation is sustainable and identify ways to increase sustainability of ecotourism operations in the futureKnow how to properly choose a sustainable ecotourism company when traveling in the U.S. and abroadNeysa Presentation ObjectivesThe most important objectives include knowing what ecotourism is and how activities vary around the world and how to analyze an ecotourism company as a traveler to decide if it is sustainable or not and what qualities designate this title.
3 Importance of Ecotourism Ecological:build environmental awarenesswaste productionEconomical:provides source of income for businesses and local communityincentive for conserving and enhancing environmentSocial:build cultural awareness and respectNeysab) Ecologicallyi) Ecologically ecotourism can be a double edged sword if not done with some care. The waste created by the tourist whom have come to help solve a problem or just enjoy what nature has to offer is sometimes more harmful than the tourists presence is helpful. Keeping a clear picture of the scope of one’s impact while participating in ecotourism is important.c) Economicallyi) Ecotourism is an increasing industry providing a source of income for tour companies that have developed or adopted ecotourism as both a marketing strategy and way of doing business. This brings much needed external income into all economies having the largest impact on the global south.d) Sociallyi) Ecotourism is a mixed bag; socially due to the varied method used by ecotourism companies and their participants. In some cases the social impacts are tremendous and helpful and other times they are not considered by the company or the ecotourist
4 What Is Ecotourism?Goal is to unite conservation, communities, and sustainable travelTourism to places having unspoiled natural resources, with minimal impact on the environment being a primary concernNeysaThe International Ecotourism SocietySustainable Travel International
5 Activities in Costa Rica and the U.S. Local environmentSea turtles and sustainable theme parksEmphasis on helping local communitiesU.S.:Viewing of untouched/unexploited landscapesAlaska to the RockiesIndividual or small group experiencesNeysab) How they differi) The single largest difference seen when considering ecotourism in the United States versus Costa Rica is the lack of emphasis on socially impacting tours. In Costa Rican literature there are many examples of tours that have the express purpose of improving a community or region where as all of the American tours center on the experience of an untouched wilderness.pic:The Huffington Post outlines 9 types of ecotourism opportunities in the U.S.a few opportunities include:volunteer at a wildlife refuge or animal shelterstay at an eco-resort or eco-hotel, many are LEED certified or have the Green Seal of green building materialsWorldwide Opportunities on Organic Farms (WOOF) allows people to volunteer in exchange for food and board-builds relationships with farmersvisit a national parkAnother lower impact way to travel is do hostels when ecotourism isn’t an option
6 Economic Impacts Negative: Growing industry with potentially accumulating negative impactsPositive:Creates jobsProvides needed external capital to locations lacking industryCan be used to market a vacation company or particular get awayNeysaIf an ecotourism company acts in a sustainable way, the positive impacts can outweigh the negative impacts set forth on the environment.an explanation of how marketing the eco-friendly tourism draws in customers who want to feel good about themselves and is a competitive advantage.
7 Ecological EffectsCan help to keep otherwise vulnerable ecosystems intact and productiveThe impact of the tourist can be negative with too much waste being created.Choose your tour company carefullyCarlIn reference to choosing ones company carefully we will discus the fact that some tour companies brand themselves as ecotourism vendors but are actually just using the concept for marketing and don’t consider the ecological impacts of their tours at all.
8 Social ImpactEcotourism is a mixed bag; socially do to the varied method used by ecotourism companies and their participants.Can be very helpful to an ecosystem when tour companies act responsiblyCarl
9 Themes of Ecotourism in the U.S Focused on viewing untouched wildernessnot usually action orientedindividual or small groupCarl
10 Themes of Ecotourism in Costa-Rica Hands onCommunity minded with positive social impactlarger groups often accomplish moreCarlHands onEducating tourists about the importance of these ecosystems, what the animals are, etcCommunity SupportedJobsHealth CareAdding additional protected land through investing profits into conservation
11 What Makes an Ecotourism Company Sustainable? Economical:balance between citizens long term economic needs and short term goals of the businessEcological:reinvestment of profits into conservationincreasing biodiversityreduction of solid waste over timeSocial:evidence of thriving local cultureeffective planningCarlSustainable Travel International identifies key aspects of a sustainable ecotourism company
12 Ecological Sustainability What are the impacts to the environment?Does it benefit the land by keeping it protected: lodging, amenities, etc?What habitats and endangered species are being affected?Carlsome questions for consumers to ask when evaluating companies based on level of sustainability: add additional questions to be asked based on time
13 Economic Sustainability Does it make the rich richer or help everyone within the community?What services are benefiting (restaurants, lodging, etc)?Does the money spent on ecotourism stay in the country and locally?RoslynFor every dollar generated by ecotourism how much of it stays in Costa Rica and how much economic value does that bring to the local communityWhen locals have money from ecotourism they are then able to spend money locally creating an upward spiral for all
14 Social Sustainability Does it affect indigenous people of the host country?Does the culture accept and educate others?Are the ecotourism organizations sensitive to make sure locals are being respected?RoslynAre the people employedHow is local access to basic needs (food, water, shelter, health care, etc)Do Costa Ricans like the foreigners visiting and are both parties respectful along with learning from each other.Questions to think about when planning your trip
15 Certification in Sustainable Tourism “aims to differentiate tourism businesses based on the degree to which they comply with a sustainable model of natural, cultural, and social resource management”5 levels of certificationRoslynAllows you to make an easier and educated decision on what businesses are the most sustainable
16 How to Pick the Right Tour Does it meet your trip goals?Uses local resources and employeesBalance impactsRoslyn:Balancing conservation, profits, and locals. Is it fun for those experiencing it?Is the experience going to be one they recommend to others?
17 Ecotourism Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LPq80Ehb_OU Roslyn If there is extra time this ecotourism video with the opinions of Costa Rican
18 Websites with Additional Information nature/index.htmlRoslyn:Additional ResourcesQuestions