Presentation on theme: "What is a Research Lesson? 1.Actual classroom lesson with students, watched by other teachers 2.Planned for a long time, collaboratively 3.Brings to life."— Presentation transcript:
What is a Research Lesson? 1.Actual classroom lesson with students, watched by other teachers 2.Planned for a long time, collaboratively 3.Brings to life a goal or vision of education 4.Recorded: video, audio, student work 5.Discussed by faculty and sometimes outside commentators
Types of Research Lessons 1.In - School 2.Public 3.Embedded in conferences, study groups, district-wide professional development, etc.
Research Lesson/Lesson Study Same 2 Words, Reverse Order Research StudyKenkyuu Lesson(s) Instruction Jugyou
Lesson Study Post-Lesson Activities Research Lesson Planning Phase RESEARCH LESSON Actual classroom lesson; attending teachers study student thinking, learning, engagement, behavior, etc. Discuss Long Term Goals for Students’ Academic, Social and Ethical Development Choose Content Area and Unit Discuss Learning Goals for Content Area, Unit and Lesson Plan Lessons(s) that Foster Long-Term Goals and Lesson/Unit Goals Discussion of Lesson Discuss research lesson. Focus on evidence of whether the lesson promoted the long-term goals and lesson/unit goals Consolidate Learning Write report that includes lesson plan, data, and summary of discussion. Refine and re-teach the lesson if desired. Or select a new focus of study. Figure 1
Choosing a Lesson Study Theme Think about the students you serve. Your Ideals: What qualities would you like these students to have 5 years from now? The Actual: List their qualities now. The Gap: Compare the ideal and the actual. What are the gaps that you would most like to work on? The Research Theme: (long-term goal) State positively the ideal student qualities you choose to work on. For example: Fundamental academic skills that will ensure students’ progress and a rich sense of human rights. Your research theme:
School’s Educational Goals Ideal Profile of StudentsActual Situation of Students MAP OF RESEARCH CONCEPTION RESEARCH FOCUS Ideal Profile of Students (from Grade-Level Groups) Middle Grades Upper Grades Research Hypotheses Methods and Measures Lower Grades
School’s Educational Goals Children who are: * Considerate * Think well and try hard * Healthy * Can lead ordered lives Ideal Profile of Students * Learn with friends * Experience natural world richly * Have own perspectives and ways of thinking Actual Situation of Students * Most are cheerful, kind and gentle * Friendships are shallow, and capacity to think about things from another person’s idea and perspective is inadequately developed * Have considerable difficulty holding their own perspectives and ideas * Some students lack interest in the natural world around them MAP OF RESEARCH CONCEPTION RESEARCH FOCUS For students to value friendship at the same time that they develop their own perspectives and ways of thinking - Toward enjoyable science and life environment studies - Ideal Profile of Students of Research Groups Children who: * Participate happily in learning * Develop their own strategies * Learn with friends Middle Grades Upper Grades Research Hypotheses * If students are eager to learn and take initiative in their learning, they will be able to deepen their own perspectives and ways of thinking * Students will develop considerate hearts if they work together in ways that enable them to recognize one another’s ideals as they engage in observations, experiments, and activities Methods and Measures (1) Strategies for Curriculum (2) Strategies for Learning Materials (3) Strategies for Teaching and Evaluation (4) Strategies for Learning Activities Lower Grades Children who: * Eagerly use their 5 senses * Make predictions and test them Learn through comparing their own ideas with friends’ ideas * Cooperate with friends while carrying out activities Children who: * Get pleasure from solving problems * Can find problems and make predictions * Can have their own ideas in observations and experiments Value learning with friends in which they recognize each others perspectives
(Your Name: ) So, how will you lift it? There’s a 100 kilogram (220 pound) sandbag on the floor. You really want to move it somehow. What will you do? Conditions: 1) It has to move with just one person’s weight. 2) You can use things you’re likely to find at school.
(Your Name: ) So, how will you lift it? There’s a 100 kilogram (220 pound) sandbag on the floor. You really want to move it somehow. What will you do? Conditions: 1) It has to move with just one person’s weight. 2) You can use things you’re likely to find at school. (Your Name: ) So, how will you lift it? There’s a 100 kilogram (220 pound) sandbag on the floor. You really want to move it somehow. What will you do? Conditions: 1) It has to move with just one person’s weight. 2) You can use things you’re likely to find at school. (Your Name: ) So, how will you lift it? There’s a 100 kilogram (220 pound) sandbag on the floor. You really want to move it somehow. What will you do? Conditions: 1) It has to move with just one person’s weight. 2) You can use things you’re likely to find at school. (Your Name: ) So, how will you lift it? There’s a 100 kilogram (220 pound) sandbag on the floor. You really want to move it somehow. What will you do? Conditions: 1) It has to move with just one person’s weight. 2) You can use things you’re likely to find at school. wood push wheelbarrow logs hole lever rock hole iron pole pull hole shovel Some heavy thing more than 100kg Putting our weight into it, we’ll drop it into the hole We’ll drop the stone in here something big stone hole iron pole 1 meter 7 cm iron pole falls a big hole cut rope Something heavier than 100kg Student plans (from lesson 1) for lifting the weight. These plans were included in the packet for the research lesson. Student writing is in regular typeface; teacher’s comments are in capitals. stone
Lesson Study Provides Opportunities to 1.Think Deeply About Long-term Goals for Students 2.Carefully Consider the Goals of a Particular Content Area, Unit, and Lesson 3.Study the Best Available Lessons 4.Plan Lessons that Bring to Life both Short-term and Long-term goals 5.Deepen Subject Matter Knowledge 6.Develop Instructional Knowledge 7.Build Capacity for Collegial Learning 8.Develop the “Eyes to See Students”
Data Collected During Lesson Study Academic Learning How did images of heated air change? Did students shift from simple counting to more flexible method? Did dramatic role-play spark higher quality and quantity of writing? In their journals, what did students write as their learnings? Motivation Percent of children who raised hands Body language, “aha” comments, shining eyes Social Behavior How many times do students refer to and build on classmates’ comments? How often do the five quietist students speak up? Are students friendly and respectful? Student Attitudes Toward Lesson What did you like and dislike about the lesson?
Teachers’ Activities to Improve Instruction Choose curriculum, write curriculum, align curriculum, write local standards U.S. JAPAN Plan lessons individually Plan lessons collaboratively Watch and discuss each other’s classroom lessons
Lesson Study in the US: What Have We learned? 1.U.S. educators Can Find Lesson Study Useful 2.Successful and Unsuccessful Adaptations Occur 3.The Idea of Lesson Study is Simple But the Practice Is Not 4.Qualities of Successful Sites A learning stance Teacher leadership Hands-on experiences, such as work with Japanese practitioners
Begins with answer Driven by expert Communication trainer -> teachers Relationships hierarchical Research informs practice Begins with question Driven by participants Communication among teachers Relationship reciprocal Practice is research TRADITIONAL RESEARCH LESSONS By Lynn Liptak, Paterson School #2, New Jersey. Professional Development
Lesson Study differs from LESSON PLANNING CURRICULUM WRITING COACHING/MENTORING DEMONSTRATION LESSONS BASIC RESEARCH
WHAT MIGHT GIVE LESSON STUDY A DIFFERENT FATE? 1. FOCUS ON REINVENTION, LEARNING 2. SEVERAL SITES BECOME LEARNING CENTERS— RESERVOIRS FOR STUDY, PRACTICE 3. RESEARCH METHODS THAT SUPPORT CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT 4. USEFULNESS LOOP: LESSON STUDY BRINGS COHERENCE, IS NOT EXPERIENCED AS “ONE MORE THING”
Research Lesson Planning Questions 1. What do students currently understand about this topic? 2. What do we want them to understand at the end of the unit? 3. What's the sequence of experiences (lessons) that will propel students from 1 to 2? What will make the unit and each lesson motivating and meaningful to students? 4. Which lesson in the unit will be selected as the research lesson? 5. What will students need to know before this lesson? 6. What will they learn during this lesson? 7. What is the “drama” or sequence of experience through which they will learn it? 8. How will students respond to the questions and activities in the lesson? What problems and misconceptions will arise and how will teachers respond to them? 9. What evidence should we gather and discuss about student learning, motivation, and behavior? What data collection forms are needed to do this?
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