Presentation on theme: "Literacy in Early Childhood Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 Literacy in Early Childhood Education By Diana SchalkEnglish 289Research Project
2 Focus on Literacy: Developing Our Children’s Language
3 What does the terms Language & Literacy mean? Language: Oral Language -Communicate through speaking and listening. -Symbols that is used to conduct meaning. -Finger movements, print and sounds.Literacy: Reading and Writing -Communicate through print. - Ability to form meaning through: media, concepts and ideas, and technologies.
4 Ohio Early Learning Content Standards English Language Arts °Phonemic Awareness, Word Recognition, and Fluency Standard- Examples include: Matching sounds and recognizing rhymes, talking about words and letters, and read out loud.Acquisition of Vocabulary Standard: Example includes: Engaging with conversation of children.Reading Process: Concepts of print, Comprehension Strategies and Self-monitoring Strategies Standard: Examples include: Including print throughout the children’s environment and talking about books.Reading Applications: Literacy Text Standard: Examples include: Including print though the children’s environment and talking about books.Communication: Oral and Visual Standard: Example includes: sharing stories and poems.
5 Developing Early Childhood Education though…… ☺Phonological Awareness☺Phonemic Awareness☺Phonics☺Emergent Literacy
6 Phonological Awareness What is Phonological awareness?-This when children identify and manipulate larger parts of a spoken language.-Also covers awareness of other aspects of sound.
7 Phonological Awareness continued… -Oral Rhymes“Pat the Cat”-Identifying and working with syllablesClapping parts in a name such as “Ha-liey”-OnsetsThe first part of cat is c-.-Rimes“The last part of pig is –ig”-Identifying and working with individual phonemes in spoken words.“ The first sound in cat is kl.”
8 Phonemic Awareness What is Phonemic Awareness? -The ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words.-Children should become aware of how the sounds in words work.Also, children must understand that words are made up of speech sounds, or phonemes.
9 Phonemic Awareness continued…. -Finding out which words in a set begin with the same sound.“Side, sell, and search all have a /s/ at the beginning.”-Saying the first or last sound in a word“The ending sound of cat is kl.”-Combining or blending separate sounds in a word to say it.“/p/ /a/ /t/.”Breaking a word into separated sounds.“to - /t/ /o/.”
10 Phonemic Awareness continued….. -Why is it important to know?Improves children's reading and word conception.Helps children learn how to spell.-Ways to help children develop it:Teach children to manipulate phonemes by using alphabet letters.When teaching only centers around one or two instead of several types of phoneme manipulative.
11 Phonics:-What is Phonics? Educates children the connection between the letters, which are graphemes, and their individual sounds, or phonemes, of a spoken language. Teaches children to use these relationships with reading and writing words.
12 Phonics continued…. -Why is phonics important to know? Guides to the comprehension of the alphabetic principle – the organized and predictable relationships between written letters and spoken sounds.
13 Emergent Literacy: What is emergent Literacy? Children learn about reading and writing at a very young age by watching and interacting with adults and other children as they use literacy in everyday life activites.-Three strands of research on emergent literacy:Children's concept about print.Early forms of reading and writing.Home literacy experiences.
14 Emergent Literacy: Children’s concept about print -Children begin to notice: Print has meaning. The difference between print and pictures. Print is practical and can be used to “get things done” Environment print- print in real-life contexts. The letters of the alphabet
15 Emergent Literacy: Early forms of reading and writing ●Pictures, not forming stories-looks at the pictures and makes comments●Pictures, forming oral stories- looks at the pictures and makes a story●Pictures, forming written stories- looks at the pictures and sounds like they are reading the story●Print- attempts to read instead of looking at the pictures°Writing:●Drawing as writing-pictures represent writing●Scribble writing- continuous lines●Letter-like units-marks that look like letters●Nonphonetic letter strings- show no evidence of letter-sound relationship●Copying from environment print-copies print found in the environment●Invented spelling- using own spelling using letter-sound relationships●Conventional- correct spelling most of the time
16 Emergent Literacy: Home literacy experiences □Factors to promote literacy at home for children:■ Opportunities to see lots of print■ Access to books■ Observe parents, other adults, and older siblings using it in everyday life■ Supportive adults■Take place in play■ Parent-child storybook reading
17 To sum up….. □Phonological Awareness □Phonemic Awareness □ Phonics ■ Identify and manipulate larger parts of a spoken language▪Onsets, rimes, oral rhymes□Phonemic Awareness■ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words▪Saying sounds, combing or breaking separate sounds□ Phonics■connection between the letters and their individual sounds of a spoken language▪Comprehension to the alphabetic principle□ Emergent Literacy■watching and interacting with adults and other children in everyday activites▫Concepts about print, early forms of reading and writing, and home literacy experiences.
18 References:■ Armbruster, B., Lehr, F., & Osborn, J. (2003). Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks of Reading Instruction. Jessup, MD: US Department of Education ■Vukelich, C., Christie, J., Enz, B. (2008). Helping Young children Learn Language and Literacy: Birth through Kindergarten. Boston, MA: Pearson Education ■ NAEYC – National Association for the Education of Young Children…. Website: