3 Why leave Europe?The Napoleonic Wars ended in 1815 causing an economic depression & high unemploymentMassive population growthHigher life expectancy (more people were surviving famines & disease due to new farming methods & better diets)
4 Population Explosion Effects Pop had outpaced economic opportunityLand & jobs were scarce for manyPeople crowded into urban areas & lived in slumsMany decided to leave for America for better opportunities
5 British Govt ReactionIncreased policies for emigration to solve the problems such as high unemployment, poverty, & social unrest
6 ScotlandMany Scottish farmers were evicted from their homes in a process called clearancesLandlords reclaimed farmland from settlers & created huge sheep farms to provide wool for English textile millsOver 50,000 Scots moved to Nova Scotia
7 Ireland…..1840s Potato was the main crop & staple of the Irish diet Mid 1840s “potato blight” spread to Ireland & destroyed the cropsFamine set in killing approx. 1 million Irish betweenIn 1847 over 90,000 emigrated to BNA
8 The Voyage Out Immigrants arrived at Halifax, St. John, & Quebec Cargo ships were used to bring the immigrants from Britain to earn extra profitsCramped conditions, disease,little food, sea sickness, death“Coffin Ships”
9 The Voyage Out (Pp 44-46) Summarize the voyage to North America for: An English gentlewomanRegular immigrantsWhere is Grosse Isle?What purpose did it serve?Why was Canada considered a ‘poor man’s country” in the mid 1800s?