Presentation on theme: "Self-Esteem & Emotions. Slide 2 of 23 Health Stats These data show the results of a survey that asked teens, “What would make you feel better about yourself?”"— Presentation transcript:
Slide 2 of 23 Health Stats These data show the results of a survey that asked teens, “What would make you feel better about yourself?” They could choose more than one answer. Do these survey results surprise you? Why or why not?
Self Esteem Refers to how much you respect and like yourself High self-esteem Accept themselves Realize strengths and weaknesses Maintain positive attitude Low self-esteem Don’t respect themselves Judge themselves harshly Worry about what others think of them
Self-Esteem trends Child Increases through achievement Decreases through lack of parenthood Adolescence Very unstable! Usually decrease in early adolescence and then begins to increase (Why?) Adulthood Increases as adults begin to accomplish their goals End of life Usually decreases Show graph in book Get together and explain graphs
Improving Self-Esteem Focus on your strengths (no comparisons) Set ambitious but realistic goals Do not be too hard on yourself Choose friends who share your values, support you, and encourage you to do your best Learn to accept compliments Serve others and look beyond yourself Do not focus much on appearance
Slide 7 of 23 The process by which people achieve their full potential is called self- actualization. Achieving Your Potential According to Maslow, before people can achieve self-actualization, their basic needs must be met. The hierarchy of needs are physical needs the need to feel safe the need to belong the need for esteem
Slide 8 of 23 The Hierarchy of Needs Physical Needs Physical needs include the need for If these basic needs are not met, a person has little or no energy. food water sleep Safety A person needs shelter from the elements, such as heat, cold, and rain. A person needs to feel safe from violence in the home and in the community.
Slide 9 of 23 The Hierarchy of Needs Belonging Family, friends, and others in your community can provide the love and acceptance needed for your emotional health. Esteem The need for the approval of others includes the need for Maslow regarded self-esteem as a more important need than the approval of others. recognition respect appreciation attention
Slide 10 of 23 The Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Once all of a person’s other needs are met, he or she can go on to achieve the qualities of a self-actualized person.
Learning Log Think of a time when you felt afraid and a time when you felt guilty Describe how you behaved in response to each feeling.
Expressing Emotions Emotion-reaction to a situation that involves your mind, body, and/or behavior Primary (innate) emotions - are emotions that are expressed by people in all cultures. Happiness Response to pleasant events in life Sadness Response to disappointing events Anger Feeling frustrated or helpless Fear Threat to your safety or security
Expressing Emotions Some emotions are not expressed in the same way by all people. These emotions are called social emotions, or learned emotions Love Most positive emotion Expressed through Caring words Touch Thoughtful actions
Slide 14 of 21 News Content and Emotions What stories appear on the evening news and why? To attract viewers, news directors may select stories that are highly emotional. Can watching the news increase your level of fear or anxiety? Evaluate the evening news using this checklist.
Two or more “Yes” answers indicate a program that could increase your level of fear or anxiety. Were two or more stories about a crime or a trial? Did you see a car crash, train wreck, or plane crash? Were there reports about fires, floods, or other disasters? Did most of the people who were interviewed express sadness, fear, or anger? Did a majority of the reports show events with negative outcomes?
Expressing Emotions Learned emotions cont. Guilt Know you have done something wrong Helpful if it stops you from making a mistake Shame Focuses on person rather than action Harmful because it lowers self-esteem Less likely to correct the bad situation
Slide 17 of 21 Recognizing your emotions is the important first step toward dealing with them in healthful ways. Recognizing Your Emotions Name the emotion you are feeling. Determine what triggered the emotion. Think back to past times that you felt the same way.
Slide 18 of 21 A coping strategy is a way of dealing with an uncomfortable or unbearable feeling or situation. Coping With Your Emotions Coping strategies are helpful when they improve a situation or allow a person to handle a situation in a better way. Coping strategies are harmful when they make a situation worse or a person is less able to handle a situation.
Slide 19 of 21 Defense mechanisms are coping strategies that help you to protect yourself from difficult feelings. Defense Mechanisms
Coping Ways to cope Confront head on Release your built up energy Take a break Talk through your feelings Ways not to cope Drugs Alcohol Withdrawing from friends and family
Slide 21 of 21 Vocabulary emotionA reaction to a situation that involves the mind, body, and behavior. primary emotionAn emotion that is expressed by people in all cultures. griefA period of deep sorrow. learned emotionAn emotion whose expression depends on the social environment in which a person grows up. coping strategyA way of dealing with an uncomfortable or unbearable feeling or situation. defense mechanismA coping strategy that helps protect a person from difficult feelings.
Slide 22 of 23 Vocabulary self-esteem Your opinion of yourself; how much you respect and like yourself. self-actualizationThe process by which people achieve their full potential. hierarchy of needsAn arrangement of human needs in a pyramid with physical needs at the base and self-actualization at the top.