Objectives : The aim of the lecture is shed light on the form of the past/continuous tense. The use of affirmative & negative.
The Simple past Tense Past Simple Past situa tions Past actions
The Simple past Tense It describes actions or situations that began and ended in the past. It is formed by adding (ed) to the regular verb. Play= played Form= formed Clean= cleaned
Past Forms of Irregular Verbs Put=put Buy= bought Give= gave Drive= drove Drink= drank Take= took
Time Expressions Yesterday Last ( week, month, year, etc) A (week, month, year, etc) ago The day before yesterday Two, three, four, etc days ago In 1994, 2011, etc
Affirmative I studied for two hours. They finished their work yesterday. He took English.
Negative She did not come. Nouf did not email me her assignment. They did not finish their work yesterday.
Questions With Past Simple Did I have classes tonight? Yes I did/ No I did not. Did they finish their work yesterday? Yes they did/ No they did not. Did she come ? Yes she did/ No she did not.
Information Questions in Past Simple What, when, which, where, why, who, whom (did) come before the subject What did Haya do last night? She baked a cake. When did Maha come? She came at 8:30
Past Continuous It describes or sets a seine. It is formed by adding ( ing) to regular verbs. Was or were + verb + ing It expresses activities that happens:
Past Continuo us Recent past Specific time in the past During a period of time in the past
Examples I was watching the news a moment ago(recent past) Manal was studying in the library at the time of the fire.( specific time in the past) My classmates were working on the project all summer.( ( during a period of time in the past)
Time Expressions just, just a minute, moment ago a (week, month, year) ago At that moment/time Then at this moment last week, month, year In ( during) the summer, winter, etc All day( morning, week, month, etc)
Affirmative I was studying at the university. He was working for his father on weekends. She was doing homework during the moment
Negative I was not studying at the university. He was not working for his father on weekends. She was not doing homework during the moment.
Questions with the Past Continuous Yes/No questions Was I teaching then? Yes I was No I was not Were they studying then ? Yes they were No they were not
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OcKx-XHpOtk English Grammar in Use: Past Simple http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mG6wOcof44 English Grammar in Use: Past Continuous