Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Hepatobiliary pathology By Dr/ Dina Metwaly

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Hepatobiliary pathology By Dr/ Dina Metwaly"— Presentation transcript:

1 Hepatobiliary pathology By Dr/ Dina Metwaly

2 Hepatic pathology Focal lesions Cystic Solid Mixed Diffuse lesions

3 Cystic lesions of the liver
Hepatic cysts: Congenital lesions but detected late Usually asymptomatic Isolated or associated with congenital cystic disease Complications [ rupture or hge ] lead to symptoms Few mms to several cms in size Typical cyst criteria Sharply defined margin Paper-thin wall Clear water contents 0-15 HU Absent : Septations , Calcification, Enhancement, Mural nodules

4 Hepatic cysts

5 2. Liver abscess [Pyogenic]
Frequently occur with no signs of infection May present with profound septicemia Microabscesses (less than 2cm) cluster or widely scattered Macroabscesses :Hypo dense lesion, unilocular or multilocular Marginal enhancement 6% Gas containing abscesses uncommon

6 3. Liver abscess [Amebic ]
Entameoba Histolytica 10% world wide Patients are more often acutely ill Single or multiple near the liver capsule Enhancing wall is evident with peripheral zone of edema [ Common findings in amebic abscess]

7 Echinococcal disease [Hydatid cyst]
Larval stage of E. granulosus CT FEATURES TO DIGNOSE HYDATED CYST Other cysts specially in the lung Well defined Unilocular or multilocular cyst with marginal calcification Internal floating shadows Daughter cysts within the large cyst

8 Benign cystic lesions of the liver Hemangioma
20% of hepatic tumours The most common benign liver tumour 85% are asymptomatic Female: male = 5:1 50% are multiple Giant hemangioma 6-10 cm in diameter

9 Hemangioma with central area of fibrosis

10 Benign solid lesions of the liver Rare lesions
Hepatic adenoma Focal nodular hyperplasia [ FNH ] Angiomyolipoma Fat containing lesion occurs in patients with tuberous sclerosis where other lesions are present in the kidney

11 Focal nodular hyperplasia FNH
8% of all hepatic tumours 2nd most common benign hepatic tumour after hemangioma 80%- 90% in women 3rd – 5th decades 80%- 90% are solitary lesions <5cm in diameter Central fibrous scar is a characteristic feature Precontrast CT iso or hypodense lesion Arterial phase CT Marked enhancement

12 Malignant Hepatic Lesions Hepatocellular carcinoma
The most common primary malignant hepatic neoplasms 3rd – 4th decades male: female 8:1 80% of HCC occur in cirrhotic liver Serum AFP and ultrasound [screening]

13 CT findings: Single or multiple masses that are hypo dense to normal liver Calcification may be seen After contrast injection [ better triphasic study] Arterial phase heterogeneously enhancing lesion with hypo dense capsule Portal phase hypo dense lesion

14 Malignant Hepatic Lesions Cholangiocarcinoma
The 2nd most common primary malignant tumour Three types: Intrahepatic tumour arised from small peripheral ducts Or the major ducts near the helium Or at the bifurcation of the common hepatic ducts [ Klatskin tumour] CT Hypo dense lesion that shows heterogenous enhancement Portal vein invasion is rarely seen Small dilated ducts around the lesion may be seen

15 Gallbladder diseases Cholelithiasis Emphysematous Cholecystitis
Porcelain Gallbladder

16 Cholelithiasis Cholelithiasis is the condition of having gallstones.
This only becomes a problem if the stones cause an inflammation of the gallbladder which is called cholecystitis. This is often secondary to cystic duct obstruction. Nuclear medicine and ultrasound are the imaging modalities of choice in the diagnosis of cholelithiasis although 15% of gallstones appear radiopaque on a KUB.

17 These radiographs were taken as part of an antiquated exam called an oral cholecystogram (OCG). This study clearly demonstrates innumerable radiolucentcholeliths.

18 Thank you

Download ppt "Hepatobiliary pathology By Dr/ Dina Metwaly"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google