1) They are angry with them. 2) This is mine and that is yours. 3)Both of them completed their assignments themselves.
Pronouns are words that replace a noun when identifying persons, places, things and ideas. Are the words underlined in the sentences above replacing nouns?
1)They are angry with them. John and Mark are angry with Molly and Mary.
2) This is mine and that is yours. This is a demonstrative pronoun. What is a demonstrative pronoun? Demonstrative pronouns are used to refer to something specific.
Demonstrative pronouns SingularPlural Refers to things that are close thisthese Refers to things that are far away thatthose
BACK TO SENTENCE 2 What type of pronoun is that? (look in the chart above). Answer That is a singular demonstrative pronoun.
BACK TO SENTENCE 2 2) This is mine and that is yours What type of pronoun is mine? Mine is a Possessive pronoun – it communicates ownership.
Possessive pronouns SingularPlural These words come before nouns and function as adjectives. your, my, her, his, its Our, your, their These words are used alone. Mine, yours, his, hers, Ours, yours, theirs
BACK TO SENTENCE 2 2) This is mine and that is yours What type of pronoun is yours? (Look in the chart above). Answer: Yours is a singular possessive pronoun.
SENTENCE 3 3)Both of them completed their assignments themselves. What type of pronoun is both? Answer: Both is an indefinite pronoun – it does not refer to any specific people, places, or thing..
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS SingularPluralSingular or Plural Anybody, anyone, anything, either, each, everybody, everyone, everything, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, somebody, someone, something Both, few, many, several All, any, most, none, some
BACK TO SENTENCE 3 What type of pronoun is them? (Look at the chart below)
Personal pronouns SingularPlural First Person: the speaker or writer I, meWe, us Second person: the person(s) spoken to you Third person: person(s) spoken or written about She, her, he, him, it they, them
Them is a third person plural pronoun. The speaker is using the word them to refer to the two persons he/she is talking about. ( I know its two persons because of the word both at the beginning of the sentence).
LOOK AT SENTENCE 3 AGAIN 3) Both of them completed their assignments themselves We know what type of pronouns both and them are. What about their? Do your remember what type of pronoun their is? (Please see slide 10).
LOOK AT SENTENCE 3 AGAIN What type of pronoun is themselves? Themselves is a reflexive pronoun; it refer back to the subject.
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS SingularPlural First personmyselfourselves Second person yourselfyourselves Third personhimself, herself, itself, themselves
Look at the following sentences, pay careful attention to the underlined words.
1) This is the dress that she designed. 2) The actor, whom I adore, died recently.
THE UNDERLINED WORDS ARE relative pronouns. Relative pronouns are used to introduce a clause that modifies a noun or a noun phrase.
INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions – who, whom, which, what, whose. These pronouns represent the thing or person that the speaker is requesting information about. Example: Who is that woman in the short black skirt? What is in that box?
SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS 1)Alec and Aria love you. (You is the object) 2)They were happy with the gifts. (They is the subject)
SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS SingularPlural Subjects I, you, she, he, it you, we, they Objectsme, you, her, him, it us, you, them
PRACTICE EXERCISE Write a paragraph (not exceeding 50 words) describing how to make your and your friend prepare your favourite meal. Use as many pronouns as you possibly can.