Presentation on theme: "By: Rabeli Bustamante. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a pattern of frequent, constant worry and anxiety over many different activities and events."— Presentation transcript:
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a pattern of frequent, constant worry and anxiety over many different activities and events.
Ben may worry that his college-age son, who is in a good health, will develop a life- threatening disease, and he may worry about going to bankrupt, even though his business is thriving. Both sets of worries are without grounds, yet Ben finds himself consumed with anxiety and distracted from his daily responsibilities.
Lack of confidence in ones ability to control or manage anxious feelings and reactions. Symptoms bring depression Feeling tense (blank Mind) Feeling restless Difficult to fall or stay asleep Difficult to concentrate
DSM-IV-TR A. Excessive anxiety and worry (apprehensive expectation), occurring more days than not for at least 6 months, about a number of events or activities (such as work or school performance). worry B. The person finds it difficult to control the worry. C. The anxiety and worry are associated with three (or more) of the following six symptoms (with at least some symptoms present for more days than not for the past 6 months). Note: Only one item is required in children. symptoms (1) restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge (2) being easily fatigued (3) difficulty concentrating or mind going blank (4) irritability (5) muscle tension (6) sleep disturbance (difficulty falling or staying asleep, or restless unsatisfying sleep) irritability
D. The focus of the anxiety and worry is not confined to features of an Axis I disorder, e.g., the anxiety or worry is not about having a Panic Attack (as in Panic Disorder), being embarrassed in public (as in Social Phobia), being contaminated (as in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder), being away from home or close relatives (as in Separation Anxiety Disorder), gaining weight (as in Anorexia Nervosa), having multiple physical complaints (as in Somatization Disorder), or having a serious illness (as in Hypochondriasis), and the anxiety and worry do not occur exclusively during Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Axis IPanic AttackPanic DisorderSocial PhobiaObsessive-Compulsive DisorderSeparation Anxiety DisorderAnorexia NervosaSomatization DisorderHypochondriasisPosttraumatic Stress Disorder E. The anxiety, worry, or physical symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. F. The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition (e.g., hyperthyroidism) and does not occur exclusively during a Mood Disorder, a Psychotic Disorder, or a Pervasive Developmental Disorder.substanceMood DisorderPervasive Developmental Disorder
Even though This disorder is found in many people their has not been extensive research of what causes the disorder. Biologically : It is suggested that people with this disorder have biological abnormality. Cognitive-behavioral perspective : It arises from constant worrying, and then turns from worrying, to constant worrying, then can become infinant.
Most common in women In women to men ratio, 2/3 Clinically 55%-60% are women During Life time 6% of the population gets it
Cognitive : clients learn how to recognize anxious thoughts and find other ways to cope with their anxiety Figure out that there not always something to worry about, and help keep their anxious thoughts under control.
At what point do you think generalized anxiety should be treated with medication?
American psychiatric association in book. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition: dsm-iv-tr A.d.a.m medical encyclopedia. (2011).Generalized anxiety disorder. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/ PMH0001915/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/ PMH0001915/ Halgin, R.R & Whitbourne, S.K.(2005). Abnormal psychology clinic perpectives on psychological disorders. New york, NY: Mc Graw- Hill.