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Unit 1 Physical Geography

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1 Unit 1 Physical Geography
Chapter 1

2 What is Physical Geography?
Write 2 sentences about what YOU think physical geography is… You have 3 minutes

3 Geography The study of the physical and human landscapes of Earth and the interaction between the two Physical Geography – the study of Earth’s physical features Human (Cultural) Geography – the study of human activities and their relationship to the cultural and physical environments Geographers specialize on the interaction between humans and the Earth

4 Physical Environment Consists of physical features that occur naturally 4 Major Components Water Natural Vegetation Landforms and rocks Weather and Climate

5 Rio Grande Rocky Mts. White Sands Carlsbad Caverns Red Sands
Elephant Butte

6 Exploring Geography The world is usually described in spatial terms
Spatial relations- refer to the links that places and people have to one another because of their location You could use the terms- Absolute location Relative location

7 I. Absolute Location Absolute location - The exact spot at which the place is found on the globe To determine absolute location, geographers use imaginary lines around the earth What lines are they?

8 Imaginary Lines Equator – divides the earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres Prime Meridian – divides the earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres (Greenwich, England) Latitude – degrees north or south of the equator (0-90°) Longitude – degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian (0-180°)

9 Compass Rose Activity Do you know how to tell direction?
In your notebook write down the saying you know in order to find out direction Do not share your answer with anyone

10 Equator Prime Meridian In which hemisphere do you live?

11 Grid System Grid System - Used to identify absolute location of any place on Earth Measured in degrees and direction What lines are measured with degrees? How is direction measured?

12 Grid System

13 World Map Activity Each person needs a blank world map
Locate the following – North Pole South Pole Equator Eastern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere Prime Meridian Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Draw your Compass Rose and identify degrees

14 Grid System Activity You will have a partner
Latitude is measured 0-90° North or South Longitude is measured 0-180° West or East When plotting it goes latitude then longitude Ex: (5°N, 125°) Locate the following absolute locations (15°S, 60°W) (28°S, 125°E) (35°N, 130°E)

15 II. Relative Location Relative location - location of a place in relation to other places This is usually how we determine location Socorro High School is next to Churches Chicken or Vista Identify 5 different places using relative location

16 III. Places Place – a particular space with physical and human meaning
Every place has its own unique characteristics, determined by the surrounding environment and the people who live there What is the most important place to you in the world and why?

17 IV. Regions Region – a group of places united by similar characteristics May be physical such as soil type, vegetation and climate Or by human factors such as language, religion, forms of government, etc Name 5 regions that you already know

18 Three types of Regions Formal (uniform) – defined by a common characteristics such as a product produced there or climate experienced there The Corn Belt – Iowa-Illinois area in the US Common Characteristic? Islamic World – Middle East

19 Functional Region Functional - a central place and the surrounding area linked to it Group of places that help each other function Metropolitan areas such as LA or Tokyo What common characteristics do these areas have?

20 Perceptual Region Perceptual - defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objective data “Heartland” Its what YOU think an area is Hollywood!

21 Perceptual Region Activity
WEST SIDE LOWER VALLEY EAST SIDE NORTHEAST Write 10 characteristics about each area

22 V. Physical Systems Physical Systems-The physical processes that shape the patterns on Earth’s surface El Paso Floods Volcanoes Hurricane Katrina

23 Ecosystems Ecosystems- Community of plants and animals that depend upon one another, and their surroundings for survival Geography look at how physical features interact with the ecosystems

24 ECOSYSTEMS! Name 5 different processes within Ecosystems

25 VI. Human Systems Geographers study how people shape the Earth
Theme in Geography – MOVEMENT Movement – ongoing movement of people, goods and ideas People compete or cooperate with each other to either change or control aspects of the Earth to meet their needs Write 2 sentences as to why you think movement is important..

26 VII. Human-Environment Interaction
Another theme of Geography HEI- The study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environment Environment Mountains and deserts often pose barriers to human movement Humans Building a dam, alters the physical environment

27 Examples of Human-Environment Interaction
How do people use their environment? How and why have they changed it? What consequences result from those changes?

28 Use of Geography Geography gives us insight into how physical features and living things develop in the past It is important to apply all these concepts with events that are going on in the world TODAY!!

29 Geographer’s Craft Geographers use tools to help them analyze information Population Pyramids Population Density Maps GPS (Global Positioning System) GIS (Geographic Information Systems) Cartography Direct Observation Interviewing Statistics Technology

30 Writing Journal What is the study of Geography?
What tools do geographers use?

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