2 What is Physical Geography? Write 2 sentences about what YOU think physical geography is…You have 3 minutes
3 GeographyThe study of the physical and human landscapes of Earth and the interaction between the twoPhysical Geography – the study of Earth’s physical featuresHuman (Cultural) Geography – the study of human activities and their relationship to the cultural and physical environmentsGeographers specialize on the interaction between humans and the Earth
4 Physical EnvironmentConsists of physical features that occur naturally4 Major ComponentsWaterNatural VegetationLandforms and rocksWeather and Climate
5 Rio Grande Rocky Mts. White Sands Carlsbad Caverns Red Sands Elephant Butte
6 Exploring Geography The world is usually described in spatial terms Spatial relations- refer to the links that places and people have to one another because of their locationYou could use the terms-Absolute locationRelative location
7 I. Absolute LocationAbsolute location - The exact spot at which the place is found on the globeTo determine absolute location, geographers use imaginary lines around the earthWhat lines are they?
8 Imaginary LinesEquator – divides the earth into Northern and Southern hemispheresPrime Meridian – divides the earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres (Greenwich, England)Latitude – degrees north or south of the equator (0-90°)Longitude – degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian (0-180°)
9 Compass Rose Activity Do you know how to tell direction? In your notebook write down the saying you know in order to find out directionDo not share your answer with anyone
10 Equator Prime Meridian In which hemisphere do you live?
11 Grid SystemGrid System - Used to identify absolute location of any place on EarthMeasured in degrees and directionWhat lines are measured with degrees?How is direction measured?
13 World Map Activity Each person needs a blank world map Locate the following –North PoleSouth PoleEquatorEastern HemisphereWestern HemispherePrime MeridianNorthern HemisphereSouthern HemisphereTropic of CancerTropic of CapricornDraw your Compass Rose and identify degrees
14 Grid System Activity You will have a partner Latitude is measured 0-90° North or SouthLongitude is measured 0-180° West or EastWhen plotting it goes latitude then longitude Ex: (5°N, 125°)Locate the following absolute locations(15°S, 60°W)(28°S, 125°E)(35°N, 130°E)
15 II. Relative LocationRelative location - location of a place in relation to other placesThis is usually how we determine locationSocorro High School is next to Churches Chicken or VistaIdentify 5 different places using relative location
16 III. Places Place – a particular space with physical and human meaning Every place has its own unique characteristics, determined by the surrounding environment and the people who live thereWhat is the most important place to you in the world and why?
17 IV. RegionsRegion – a group of places united by similar characteristicsMay be physical such as soil type, vegetation and climateOr by human factors such as language, religion, forms of government, etcName 5 regions that you already know
18 Three types of RegionsFormal (uniform) – defined by a common characteristics such as a product produced there or climate experienced thereThe Corn Belt – Iowa-Illinois area in the USCommon Characteristic?Islamic World – Middle East
19 Functional RegionFunctional - a central place and the surrounding area linked to itGroup of places that help each other functionMetropolitan areas such as LA or TokyoWhat common characteristics do these areas have?
20 Perceptual RegionPerceptual - defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objective data“Heartland”Its what YOU think an area isHollywood!
21 Perceptual Region Activity WEST SIDELOWER VALLEYEAST SIDENORTHEASTWrite 10 characteristics about each area
22 V. Physical SystemsPhysical Systems-The physical processes that shape the patterns on Earth’s surfaceEl Paso FloodsVolcanoesHurricane Katrina
23 EcosystemsEcosystems- Community of plants and animals that depend upon one another, and their surroundings for survivalGeography look at how physical features interact with the ecosystems
24 ECOSYSTEMS!Name 5 different processes within Ecosystems
25 VI. Human Systems Geographers study how people shape the Earth Theme in Geography – MOVEMENTMovement – ongoing movement of people, goods and ideasPeople compete or cooperate with each other to either change or control aspects of the Earth to meet their needsWrite 2 sentences as to why you think movement is important..
26 VII. Human-Environment Interaction Another theme of GeographyHEI- The study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environmentEnvironmentMountains and deserts often pose barriers to human movementHumansBuilding a dam, alters the physical environment
27 Examples of Human-Environment Interaction How do people use their environment?How and why have they changed it?What consequences result from those changes?
28 Use of GeographyGeography gives us insight into how physical features and living things develop in the pastIt is important to apply all these concepts with events that are going on in the world TODAY!!
29 Geographer’s CraftGeographers use tools to help them analyze informationPopulation PyramidsPopulation Density MapsGPS (Global Positioning System)GIS (Geographic Information Systems)CartographyDirect ObservationInterviewingStatisticsTechnology
30 Writing Journal What is the study of Geography? What tools do geographers use?