2 DadaDuchampArpDada means Hobby Horse and was located in Zurich, Cologne, Berlin, Paris, and New York fromDisillusioned by the useless slaughter of WW1, they rejected conventional methods of representation and exhibition.Accepted Ready-mades as an art form and often did their work on glass.They challenged the relationship between words and images, often incorporating words prominently in their work.Dada accepts the dominance of the artistic concept over the execution.
3 Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 Artist: Marcel DuchampDate: 1912Medium: Oil on CanvasLocation: Philadelphia Museum of Art, PennsylvaniaThe Scees de Scandale of the Armory ShowA cubist/or Futurist painting depicting an assumed nude going down a flight of stairsInfluenced by motion pictures, multiple exposure photographyLimited color range.
4 Fountain Artist: Marcel Duchamp Date: 1917 Medium: “Ready-Made” Location: New YorkReady-made sculpture, actually a found object that Duchamp deemed to be a work of art.Entered in an unjuried show, but the work was refused.Signed by the “artist” R. Mutt, a pun on the Mutt and Jeff comic strip and Mott Iron WorksTitle Fountain a pun; fountains spout liquid, a urinal is meant to collect it.
5 Collage Arranged According to the Laws of Chance Artist: Jean (Hans) ArpDate:Medium: Torn and pasted paperLocation: Museum of Modern Art, New YorkA act in randomnessThe paper was torn and dropped. The pieces were then glued where they landed.The idea of chance is removed because the papers don’t overlap and are nearly arranged in a grid like pattern
6 Man Ray Paul Klee Salvador Dali Joan Miro Rene Margritte SurrealismMan RayPaul KleeSalvador DaliJoan MiroRene MargritteInspired by the psychological studies of Freud and JungRepresented an unseen world of dreams, subconscious thoughts, and unspoken communication.Started with the theories of Andre Brenton in 1924.The movement went in two directions; abstract tradition of biomorphic forms and the veristic tradition of using reality-based subjects put together in unusual ways.It is meant to puzzle, challenge, and fascinate; its sources are in mysticism, psychology, and the symbolic.
7 Le Violon d’Ingres Artist: Man Ray Date: 1924 Medium: Photograph reworked with Pencil and InkLocation: Musee National d’Art Moderne, ParisShowed the Surrealist desire for playfulness.Le Violon d’Ingres means basically hobby, but Ingres had the hobby of paying Violin, which is shown the back of the nude.The hair dressing of the nude reminds us of Ingres’ designs.
8 “When the Automobile arrived there were those what declared the horse to be the most perfect form of locomotion. All these attitudes result from a fear that the one will replace the other. Nothing of the kind has happened, we have simply increased our vocabulary. I see no one trying to abolish the automobile because we have the airplane.”- Man Ray, on photography as art
9 Persistence of Memory Artist: Salvador Dali Date: 1931 Medium: Oil on CanvasLocation: Museum of Modern Art, New YorkHuge empty spaces suggested by vast landscapeDrooping watches all tell different timesOnly life is the fly on the watch and the ants on the closed watch fobHallucinatoryBarren and uninhabited landscapeBonelike hand seems to caricature Dali’s faceVisual ironies; tree grows from a firm block, clock hangs from a dead tree branch.
10 Spanish Dancer Artist: Joan Miro Date: 1945 Medium: Oil on Canvas Location: Foundation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel SwitzerlandUsed simple formsBuilt compositions first with random washes ad then added substance to the shape the forms inspired.Amoeba-like shapesSpontaneous, mysterious, sereneColor harmonies are softly modeled.
11 Time Transfixed Artist: Rene Magritte Date: 1938 Medium: Oil on Canvas Location:Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago- Realistic images that seem unreal with their juxtaposition of objects and location.
12 I and the Village Artist: Marc Chagall Date: 1911 Medium: Oil on CanvasLocation: Museum of Modern Art, New YorkNot truly a member of the Surrealist movement, although is another artist who is difficult to classifyChagall represented images from his childhood in RussiaBright colors and cubist type arrangements influenced his designsLike Fauvists he has a disregard for realistic color, and like cubism because of the fractured space.
13 Max Ernst Giacometti Henry Moore Alexander Calder Surrealist SculptureMax ErnstGiacomettiHenry MooreAlexander Calder
14 Object Artist: Meret Oppenheim Date: 1936 Medium: fur covered cup Location: Museum of Modern Art, New YorkSaid to have been donein response to Picasso’s claim that anything looks good in furCombination of unlike objects; fur-covered teacup, saucer, and spoonExotic overtones.
15 Large Standing Woman III Artist: Alberto GiacomettiDate: 1960Medium: BronzeLocation: New YorkElongated and thinned formsTheir absence of space is what makes them such a strong element.
16 Reclining Figure Artist: Henry Moore Date: 1939 Medium: Elmwood Location: Detroit Institute of Arts, DetroitMoore did many on this themeSimplified forms with great areas of negative spaceNegative space emphasizedBiomorphic formsInfluenced by ancient Mayan chacmool figures.
17 125 Artist: Alexander Calder Date: 1957 Medium: Painted Sheet Metal and Steel WireLocation: John F. Kennedy International Airport, New YorkPart of his series of mobiles, Kinetic sculpturesLater works were known as stables and where not-kinetic.Suspended from the ceiling.
18 Regionalism and Social Realism United States WoodJacob LawrenceEdward HopperJames VanDerZeeDorthea Lange
19 American Gothic Artist: Grant Wood Date: 1930 Medium: Oil on BeaverheadLocation: Art Institute of Chicago, ChicagoGrant Wood considered a regionalis painter, emphasizing Midwestern subjects in Rural IowaArtist’s sisters and his dentist posed in conventional Midwestern costumes before a carpenter Gothic house; meant to represent a father and a daughterLong oval heads; narrow chins; sloping shouldersSeem to have an expression of disapproval or hostilityPitchfork reflected in farmers shirtArtist resisted interpreting the painting; some see it as an expression of American hardihood; others as a satire.
20 Harriet Tubman Series, No. 7 Artist: Jacob LawrenceDate:Medium: Casein Tempera on HardboardLocation: Hampton University, Hampton, VirginiaOverall color unity in the series unites each paintingForms hover in large spacesFlat simple shapesUnmodulated colorsPart of A series
21 Night Hawks Artist: Edward Hopper Date:1942 Medium: Oil on Canvas Location:The Art Institute of Chicago, ChicagoSimple, quiet composition, but one that denotes tensionCity locations that seem empty and deserted; loneliness of modern lifeWe see through a huge plate glass window of a luncheonette with no exterior doorThree customers have no interaction, one counterman seems to listen to unspoken wordsClarity of forms
22 Migrant Mother, Nipomo Valley Artist: Dorthea LangeDate: 1935Medium: Gelatin Silver PrintLocation: Oakland Museum of CaliforniaPhotographed migrant workers in a deserted pea-pickers camp in CaliforniaChildren turn away, framing their mothers faceMother is a symbol of despair and anxiety, yet has strength and determination.Poverty expressed in the rags the infant is wrapped inDocumentary photography.
23 Thunderstorm, Yosemite Valley Artist: Ansel AdamsDate: 1945Medium: Gelatin SilverAdams attempted to capture the natural beauty of nation monuments.Like Lang was hired to document America
24 Regionalism and Social Reform Mexico Diego RiveraFrida Kahlo
25 Ancient Mexico Artist: Diego Rivera Date: 1929-1935 Medium: Fresco Location: National Palace, Mexico CityGlorified the working class – Connections to Rivera’s Socialist beliefs.History of Mexico, this mural was representing the history of Mayans and AztecsBright colors were typical of Mexican culture and art.Influenced by Cubism in the flattened and multidimensional forms.Married to Frida Kahlo.
26 The Two Fridas Artist: Frida Kahlo Date:1939 Medium: Oil on Canvas Location: Collection of the Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico CityJuxtaposition of two self-portraitsLeft; Kahlo dressed as a Spanish lady in white laceRight; Kahlo dressed as a Mexican peasant – the stiffness and provincial quality of Mexican folk art serves as a direct inspiration for the artistHer two hearts are intertwined together by veins that are cut by scissors at one end and lead to a portrait of her husband, artist Rivera, at the other; painted at the time of their divorceBarren landscape, two figures sit against a wildly active skyKahlo rejected the label of surrealism to her artwork.
27 Alred Stieglitz Georgia O’Keefe American AbstractionAlred StieglitzGeorgia O’Keefe
28 Equivalent Artist: Alfred Stieglitz Date: 1923 Medium: Chloride Print Location: San Francisco Museum of Modern ArtOne the main figures in the Abstract Art community.This was from a series of works done on the movement of clouds which ultimately created an abstract arrangement of line, and darks and light.
29 Cow’s Skull with Calico Roses Artist: Georgia O’KeefeDate: 1931Medium: Oil on CanvasLocation: Art Institute of ChicagoO’Keefe was another strong American Abstract Artist.Was very influenced by the imagery of the southwest desert.She married Steiglitz and worked in an artist community.