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Human Reproduction Spermatogenesis.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Reproduction Spermatogenesis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Reproduction Spermatogenesis

2 Spermatogenesis Sperm production begins during puberty and is stimulated by the release of hormones Sperm production is controlled by the hypothalamus and ant. Pituitary through negative feedback

3 Spermatogenesis Hypothalamus releases gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) which triggers ant. pit. To release FSH and LH FSH triggers seminiferous tubules to produce sperm LH triggers testosterone production by Leydig cells (interstitial cells) which increases sperm production

4 Testosterone Produced by interstitial cells in the Testes
Also responsible for Secondary sex chars. Voice Deepens Body Hair Strengthening of muscles Sex drive

5 Hormonal control

6 Spermatogenesis: The making of sperm
Seminiferous tubules in the testes are the site of sperm cell production Lumen of tubules is lined with spermatogonia 46 chromosomes Undergo mitosis to form primary spermatocytes primary spermatocytes undergo meiosis to produce secondary spermatocytes (46 Chromosomes *) and eventually spermatids (23 chromosomes) One primary spermatocyte will eventually produce four sperm cells


8 Spermatogenesis Spermatogenesis occurs at the onset of puberty
Several hundred million produced/day Formation of a mature sperm cell takes about 70 – 80 days Sperm cells mature in the epididymis Develop flagella and begin to swim within 4 days

9 Spermatogenesis

10 Mature Sperm

11 Human Reproduction Oogenesis

12 Oogenesis All follicles are produced in the ovaries during the first during the 1st six months of fetal development Max. of 7 million produced 2 million left at birth 400,000 at onset on puberty Approx mature ova develop and are released during the reproductive years

13 Oogenesis Follicles consist of two types of cells:
Primary oocyte Granulosa cells Clusters of these cells are called primordial follicles Granulosa provide nutrients, chemical signals, and protection for the developing follicle

14 Oogenesis 6-20 primary follicles begin to mature each month
Only one follicle fully matures and is released from one ovary each month during reproductive years

15 Ovulation The ovum is released out of the ovary and will move into the fallopian tube Remaining follicular cells change and become the corpus luteum Secretes progesterone and estrogen If ovum remains unfertilized, corpus luteum degenerates and new cycle will begin


17 Hormonal control Cyclic process in females (continuous in males)
Hypothalamus secretes GnRH Stimulates LH and FSH in ant. Pit. Effects of LH and FSH on ovaries varies during the cycle



20 The Ovarian Cycle 28 days long, divided into 3 phases
Follicular phase (12 days) Luteal phase (11 days) Menstrual phase (approx. 5 days)

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