Presentation on theme: "Variations in Distribution of Religions (2)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Variations in Distribution of Religions (2) Holy placesHoly places in universalizing religionsHoly places in ethnic religionsThe calendarThe calendar in ethnic religionsThe calendar in universalizing religions
2 Holy Sites in BuddhismMost holy sites in Buddhism are locations of important events in Buddha’s life and are clustered in northeastern India and southern Nepal.
3 Mecca, Islam’s Holiest City Makkah (Mecca) is the holiest city in Islam and is the site of pilgrimage for millions of Muslims each year. There are numerous holy sites in the city. Medina & Jerusalem are also important holy cities.
4 Hindu Holy PlacesHierarchy of Hindu holy places: Some sites are holy to Hindus throughout India; others have a regional or sectarian importance, or are important only locally.
5 CalendarIn universalizing religions, holidays relate to events in the life of the founder rather than the changing seasons of one place.Christianity- Catholics & Protestants observe the Gregorian Calendar while Orthodox Christians observe the Julian Calendar, which makes Easter on a different day.Islam- Lunar Calendar, so holidays arrive in different seasons across different generations.Buddhism- Birth, Enlightenment, and Death are celebrated.Baha ‘ISikhism- celebrate the birth and death of the 10 Gurus.
6 CalendarAn ethnic religion typically has a more clustered distribution than a universalizing one b/c its holidays are based on the distinctive geography of the homeland.Religious celebrations are seasonal and based on agriculture, typically.Animism- Winter & Summer Solstice are celebrated.ConfucianismDaoismShintoHinduismJudaism- Lunar CalendarRosh Hashanah (New Year) and Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) come in the fall planting season of Israel.
7 Organization of Space Places of worship Sacred space Christian worshipPlaces of worship in other religionsSacred spaceDisposing of the deadReligious settlementsReligious place namesAdministration of spaceHierarchical religionsLocally autonomous religions
8 Place Names in QuébecFig. 6-12: Place names in Québec show the impact of religion on the landscape. Many cities and towns are named after saints.
9 Places of Worship Christianity- Churches or Basilicas ARE Sanctified. Islam- Mosques are NOT sanctified and are for the community.Buddhism- Pagodas house relics for pilgrimmages and observance.Baha ‘I- 7 Houses of Worship exist for services.Sikhism- Golden Temple is a holy place.
10 Places of Worship Animism- informal and local Confucianism- temples for ancestor worshipDaoism- no temples, become one with natureShinto- pagodas jot the landscapeHinduism- temples are local, house dieties, and are NOT for service. Mt. Kailas is where Siva lives.Judaism-