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Social Development Theory

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Presentation on theme: "Social Development Theory"— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Development Theory

2 Background Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) Russian psychologist
Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory (unknown until 1962) Focused on any connection between people and the experiences they shared or had

3 Overview of Theory Two levels of cultural development Major Themes
Social Individual Major Themes The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) Social Interaction Defined stages of development

4 Cultural Development – Social
Full cognitive development requires social interaction Gain knowledge through this step Formal education Interactions with others Past experiences Two kinds of learning Spontaneous

5 Cultural Development- Individual
How they use the information they gained from the social development stage Ability to use an acquired skill set Pointing a finger Two kinds of learning Scientific

6 The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO)
Anyone who has a better understanding or a higher ability level than the learner Parent Coach Teacher Siblings Usually has to do with a respect to a particular task, process, or concept Scaffolding

7 The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
Distance between a student’s ability to perform a task under “MKO” and the student’s ability solving the problem independently. According to Vygotsky, learning occurred in this zone.

8 Social Interaction “Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological).” Fundamental role in the process of cognitive development.

9 Defined Stages His theory states that development is limited to a certain range at a certain age. This development is assisted by continued social interaction.

10 Problems/ Criticisms Too optimistic Gender not considered
Impractical- requires one on one education


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