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Development of Painting in Europe

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Presentation on theme: "Development of Painting in Europe"— Presentation transcript:

1 Development of Painting in Europe
Cimabue Giotto Ghiberti Donatello Van Eyke Masaccio Uccello Botticelli Da Vinci Michelangelo Raphael

2 Cimabue Maesta by cimabue

3 Cimabue 1240 – 1302 Italy (Florence)
Influenced by Byzantine artists and Italian muralists He influenced Giotto and Duccio Patrons: The Catholic church Themes: Biblical Media: Fresco

4 Cimabue key-works Maesta 1280- 1285
Contribution to art took first steps toward realism Began to break away from Byzantine style

5 Giotto di Bondone

6 The Deposition Angel detail

7 Maesta

8 Giotto key-points 1266-1337 Pre- Renaissance Italy (Florence)
Influenced by Cimabue He influenced Donatello, Michelangelo, El Greco, Caravaggio, Van Gogh and Rodin among others.

9 Contributions to art Volume, weight, emotional gestures
Patrons: the catholic church Themes: Biblical Media: Fresco painting

10 Ghiberti Baptistry doors

11 Detail of baptistry doors / portrait

12 Ghiberti 1378 – 1455 Italy (Florence) Pre Renaissance
Influenced by his father a blacksmith and gothic sculpture He influenced Botticelli and Raphael Patrons: The Catholic Church Themes: Biblical Media: Bronze

13 Contribution to art He created a 3D space on a 2D surface using mathematical perspective

14 Donatello 1386 – 1466 Florence Italy Pre-Renaissance
Influenced by: Gothic sculpture and Giotto He influenced Michelangelo, Bernini and Rodin Patrons: The Catholic Church Themes: Biblical Media: wood, bronze and marble


16 Donatello key-works David Mary Magdeline Judith and Holofernes

17 Van Eyck 1385-1441 Flanders- Lille Northern / Low Renaissance
Influenced by church teachings He influenced Raphael, and Vermeer Patrons wealthy merchants and the church Themes: Portraits and religious Media: oils

18 Arnolfini Wedding

19 Ghent altarpiece open / closed

20 Masaccio 1401 – 1428 Italy – Florence Pre- Renaissance
Influenced by: Giotto, Ghiberti, Donatello He influenced: Mantegna, Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael Patrons: the Catholic Church Themes: Biblical Media: Fresco painting Humanism, realism

21 Key-works Tribute Money Expulsion from Paradise

22 Uccello 1397 – 1475 Italy – Florence Pre-Renaissance
Influenced by: mathematics of perspective He influenced Mantegna, Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael Patrons: The Medici family Themes: Biblical Media: Tempera

23 Battle of San Romano

24 Botticelli 1445-1510 Italy-Florence Mid Renaissance
Influenced by: Mantegna among others He influenced: Raphael, Ingres and Renoir Linear composition Patrons The Catholic Church, Medici Family, Merchants of Florence Media: Fresco, tempera, Oils

25 Primavera

26 Da Vinci 1452-1519 Italy –Florence High Renaissance
Influenced by: Verrochio He influenced: Michelangelo, Durer, and Raphael Patrons: The Catholic Church, King Francis I of France Media: Fresco, Tempera, oils, ink, clay etc Sfumato

27 Last Supper

28 Virgin of the rocks

29 Michelangelo 1475 -1564 Italy- Florence High Renaissance and Mannerism
Influenced by: Giotto, Donatello and Leonardo He influenced: Caravaggio, El Greco, Rodin, Bernini Patrons: The Catholic Church, Pope Julius II

30 Themes: Biblical Media: Fresco, Carrara marble Contrapposto Key-works: Sistine chapel, David, Pieta

31 David / Pieta


33 Creation of Adam

34 Raphael 1483-1520 Italy Florence High Renaissance
Influenced by: Jan Van Eyck, Botticelli, Leonardo He influenced: Rubens, Ingres, Degas, Renoir

35 Raphael Patrons: Pope Julius II, Themes: Biblical
Media: Fresco and Oils Harmony and Balance Key-works: The school of Athens, The Alba Madonna, Small Cowper Madonna


37 School of Athens

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