Presentation on theme: "SHIPPING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS"— Presentation transcript:
1 SHIPPING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS A Training Course in 49CFRUpdated 6/99Prokopis A. Christou, P.E.
2 Course ObjectivesProvides a review of U.S. DOT Hazardous Materials RegulationsForms part of recurrent training as required by 49CFR
3 Hazardous Materials Regulations Hazardous materials are regulated in order to:Prevent accidents, leaks and spillsHelp emergency respondersEnsure that HAZMAT employees are aware of the hazards of materials they handle
4 What Are Hazardous Materials? “HAZARDOUS MATERIALS are any substances or materials, including environmentally hazardous substances, which have been determined to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety or property when transported in commerce, and have been so designated.” (171.8)
5 Laws Affect Transportation of Hazardous Materials RegulationsUS DOT Reg. 49 CFR All modes within the USAICAO Technical Instructions International air transportIATA Dangerous Goods Reg Commercial air transportIMDG Code International sea transportTDG Regulations Regulations Shipments to/from CanadaMexican DOT Regs Shipments to/from Mexico
6 The Hazardous Materials Regs The HMR of the Federal Hazardous Materials Transportation LAW (49 CFR) apply to:Responsibilities for offering and accepting shipmentsClassification of hazardous materialsPackaging standardsShipping papersLabels, marks and placardsEmergency response requirementsTraining requirementsRegistrationSegregation and modal requirements
7 Penalties Civil Penalties Criminal Penalties Injunctive Action Maximum fines up to $25,000 per day per violation. Updated for inflationCriminal PenaltiesFines up to $500,000 per day per violationUp to five years in prisonInjunctive ActionShipments stopped or seized
9 Numbering Sections in 49 CFR Part Section Paragraph Subparagraph(b) (1)
10 Structure of HMR Part 171 Definitions Part 172 - Hazard Communication Part Hazardous Materials TablePart Classification and PackagingPart 174, 175, 176 & Modal VariationsPart Standards for Non-Bulk PackagingPart Standards for Bulk Packaging (tank cars)Part Continuing qualification/maint.
11 Administrative Requirements Registration for certain shippers and transportersTraining of HAZMAT employees
12 Training Requirements [172.704] Train all HAZMAT employees to:Understand the regulationsRecognize and identify hazardous materialsKnow reg. requirements that apply to his/her jobBe aware of relevant emergency response info.Types of Training: General awareness, function specific, safetySafety/OSHA/EPA trainingDriver training (CDL)
13 Administrative Requirements The HAZMAT employer mustTrain & test employeesCertify & keep recordsTraining Compliance DatesNew employee - 90 daysJob function changed daysUpdate every 3 years
14 Six Steps to Compliance 1. Classification - obtain shipping description2. Packaging - selection and assembly3. Marking of packages4. Labeling of packages5. Shipping papers & emergency response info6. Placarding & marking of vehiclesFor NJ-review Steps 1, 5 and 6
15 Step 1 of the Six Step Procedure Obtain shipping description ( )SHIP--The Basic Shipping Description consists of:The Shipping NameThe Hazard ClassificationThe Identification Number (UN or NA)The Packing Group
19 Multiple Hazards Some materials may have more than one hazard The first one is called the primary hazardOther hazards are called subsidiary hazardsHow do you determine primary hazardPrecedence of Hazard Table (173.2a(b))HM Table
20 Hazardous Substances “Hazardous substances” are materials that: Are listed in Appendix A to Section ; ANDAre in a quantity in one package that equals or exceeds the listed Reportable Quantity (RQ)Example?
21 Marine Pollutants “Marine pollutants” are defined as materials which: Are listed in Appendix B to Table ; ANDAre packaged in a concentration greater than 10% for marine pollutant or 1% for severe marine pollutants
22 Using the HM Table (172.101) Shipping names Hazard classes Identification numbersLabeling requirementsSpecial provisionsPackage specifications
23 Shipping Name Procedures (I) Chemicals listed by nameChemicals not listed by nameGeneric names based on hazardGeneric names based on chemical familyGeneric names based on usageTechnical name rule for generic names ( (k)(3))
24 Shipping Name Procedures (II) Hazardous Substances and Marine Pollutants, not meeting the definition of a DOT hazard classEnvironmentally hazardous substance, liquid, n.o.s.Environmentally hazardous substance, solid, n.o.s.Other regulated substance, liquid, n.o.sOther regulated substance, solid, n.o.s.
25 Step 5 of the Six Step Procedure Completing the shipping paper for hazardous material shipments
26 The Shipping Description S H I P -- The shipping paper must show the basic shipping description, consisting of:Proper shipping nameHazard class and division (subsidiary is optional for domestic shipment)Identification number (UN or NA)Packing Group (I, II or III)PLUS more?The total quantity
27 Additional Shipping Paper Requirements (I) DOT exemption number, if applicableLimited Quantity, if applicableRQ for hazardous substancesMarine PollutantResidue, last contained, if applicableDangerous When Wet for Division 4.3[ ]
28 Additional Shipping Paper Requirements (II) Technical name(s) in parenthesesPoison Inhalation Hazard, if applicablePoison, if not otherwise indicatedHOT for elevated temperature materialRadioactivesSpecial requirements for air, rail and water
29 Shipper’s Certification “This is to certify the above named materials are properly classified, described, packaged, marked and labeled, and are in proper condition for transportation according to the applicable regulations of the Department of Transport.”[ ]
30 Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Materials You can list hazardous and non-hazardous materials on the same shipping paper, if you do one of the following:Enter all hazardous materials firstHighlight hazardous materialsMark an “X” or RQ in column headed “Hazardous Materials” or “HM”
31 Emergency Response Information Shippers use MSDS, ERG, forms. Information must include:Basic Description of the hazardous materialImmediate hazards to healthRisks of fire or explosionImmediate precautions in case of an accidentProcedures in case of fireMethods for handling spills and leaksPreliminary first aid24-hour telephone number
33 Step 6 of the Six Step Procedure Placarding vehicles and containers of hazardous materials ( )
34 BackgroundPlacards, labels, identification numbers, markings, and shipping papers are hazard communicate hazard information.
35 What is A label? A marking? A placard? An identification number? What is a primary hazard placard/label?Subsidiary hazard placard/label must not include class/division number on the bottom corner.
36 What to placard? Table 1 - placard any quantity cannot use “DANGEROUS” placardTable 2 - Placard if total quantity 454 kg (1001 pounds)“DANGEROUS” placard permitted for mixed load if < 1000 Kg (2205 lb) per class loaded at facility
37 Identification Numbers and placement Bulk containers must display the identification number of their contents, either on the placard, or an orange panel beside the placard.Placards should be placed on each end and each side of motor vehicles or railroads.Cargo tanks and portable tanks less than 1000 gallons require two placards on opposite sides of the tank
51 Exceptions may be allowed Small Quantities Exceptions (173.4)Materials of Trade (MOT) (173.6)Exceptions for various classes/div. ( )Limited Quantity, ORM-D (column 8A)Agricultural operations (173.5)Government material (173.7)Placarding exceptionsDOT Exemptions
52 Summary UNDERSTAND the hazard of the materials you handle KNOW and FOLLOW all your HAZMAT responsibilities, as they apply to your jobYou must know the BASIC DESCRIPTION of a material to ship it properlyIf you have questions, ASK SOMEONE who knows. Consult regs, procedures, others