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Presentation on theme: "SHIPPING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS"— Presentation transcript:

A Training Course in 49CFR Updated 6/99 Prokopis A. Christou, P.E.

2 Course Objectives Provides a review of U.S. DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations Forms part of recurrent training as required by 49CFR

3 Hazardous Materials Regulations
Hazardous materials are regulated in order to: Prevent accidents, leaks and spills Help emergency responders Ensure that HAZMAT employees are aware of the hazards of materials they handle

4 What Are Hazardous Materials?
“HAZARDOUS MATERIALS are any substances or materials, including environmentally hazardous substances, which have been determined to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety or property when transported in commerce, and have been so designated.” (171.8)

5 Laws Affect Transportation of Hazardous Materials
Regulations US DOT Reg. 49 CFR All modes within the USA ICAO Technical Instructions International air transport IATA Dangerous Goods Reg Commercial air transport IMDG Code International sea transport TDG Regulations Regulations Shipments to/from Canada Mexican DOT Regs Shipments to/from Mexico

6 The Hazardous Materials Regs
The HMR of the Federal Hazardous Materials Transportation LAW (49 CFR) apply to: Responsibilities for offering and accepting shipments Classification of hazardous materials Packaging standards Shipping papers Labels, marks and placards Emergency response requirements Training requirements Registration Segregation and modal requirements

7 Penalties Civil Penalties Criminal Penalties Injunctive Action
Maximum fines up to $25,000 per day per violation. Updated for inflation Criminal Penalties Fines up to $500,000 per day per violation Up to five years in prison Injunctive Action Shipments stopped or seized

8 Enforcement Authorities
Research & Special Programs Admin. (RSPA) Federal Highway Administrations (FHA) State DOT /State police Federal Railway Administration (FRA) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) U.S. Coast Guard

9 Numbering Sections in 49 CFR
Part Section Paragraph Subparagraph (b) (1)

10 Structure of HMR Part 171 Definitions Part 172 - Hazard Communication
Part Hazardous Materials Table Part Classification and Packaging Part 174, 175, 176 & Modal Variations Part Standards for Non-Bulk Packaging Part Standards for Bulk Packaging (tank cars) Part Continuing qualification/maint.

11 Administrative Requirements
Registration for certain shippers and transporters Training of HAZMAT employees

12 Training Requirements [172.704]
Train all HAZMAT employees to: Understand the regulations Recognize and identify hazardous materials Know reg. requirements that apply to his/her job Be aware of relevant emergency response info. Types of Training: General awareness, function specific, safety Safety/OSHA/EPA training Driver training (CDL)

13 Administrative Requirements
The HAZMAT employer must Train & test employees Certify & keep records Training Compliance Dates New employee - 90 days Job function changed days Update every 3 years

14 Six Steps to Compliance
1. Classification - obtain shipping description 2. Packaging - selection and assembly 3. Marking of packages 4. Labeling of packages 5. Shipping papers & emergency response info 6. Placarding & marking of vehicles For NJ-review Steps 1, 5 and 6

15 Step 1 of the Six Step Procedure
Obtain shipping description ( ) SHIP--The Basic Shipping Description consists of: The Shipping Name The Hazard Classification The Identification Number (UN or NA) The Packing Group

16 HM Table

17 Packing Groups Packing Group I - Great danger
Packing Group II - Moderate danger Packing Group III - Mild danger

18 Hazard Classes/Divisions
Class 1 - Explosives (173.50) Class 2 - Compressed gasses ( ) Class 3 - Flammable liquids ( ) Class 4 - Flammable solids ( ) Class 5 - Oxidizers and organic Peroxides ( & 128) Class 6 - Poisonous and infectious materials ( & 134) Class 7 - Radioactives ( ) Class 8 - Corrosive materials ( ) Class 9 - Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials ( ) ORM - Other Regulated Material ( ) Elevated Temperature (171.8)

19 Multiple Hazards Some materials may have more than one hazard
The first one is called the primary hazard Other hazards are called subsidiary hazards How do you determine primary hazard Precedence of Hazard Table (173.2a(b)) HM Table

20 Hazardous Substances “Hazardous substances” are materials that:
Are listed in Appendix A to Section ; AND Are in a quantity in one package that equals or exceeds the listed Reportable Quantity (RQ) Example?

21 Marine Pollutants “Marine pollutants” are defined as materials which:
Are listed in Appendix B to Table ; AND Are packaged in a concentration greater than 10% for marine pollutant or 1% for severe marine pollutants

22 Using the HM Table (172.101) Shipping names Hazard classes
Identification numbers Labeling requirements Special provisions Package specifications

23 Shipping Name Procedures (I)
Chemicals listed by name Chemicals not listed by name Generic names based on hazard Generic names based on chemical family Generic names based on usage Technical name rule for generic names ( (k)(3))

24 Shipping Name Procedures (II)
Hazardous Substances and Marine Pollutants, not meeting the definition of a DOT hazard class Environmentally hazardous substance, liquid, n.o.s. Environmentally hazardous substance, solid, n.o.s. Other regulated substance, liquid, n.o.s Other regulated substance, solid, n.o.s.

25 Step 5 of the Six Step Procedure
Completing the shipping paper for hazardous material shipments

26 The Shipping Description
S H I P -- The shipping paper must show the basic shipping description, consisting of: Proper shipping name Hazard class and division (subsidiary is optional for domestic shipment) Identification number (UN or NA) Packing Group (I, II or III) PLUS more? The total quantity

27 Additional Shipping Paper Requirements (I)
DOT exemption number, if applicable Limited Quantity, if applicable RQ for hazardous substances Marine Pollutant Residue, last contained, if applicable Dangerous When Wet for Division 4.3 [ ]

28 Additional Shipping Paper Requirements (II)
Technical name(s) in parentheses Poison Inhalation Hazard, if applicable Poison, if not otherwise indicated HOT for elevated temperature material Radioactives Special requirements for air, rail and water

29 Shipper’s Certification
“This is to certify the above named materials are properly classified, described, packaged, marked and labeled, and are in proper condition for transportation according to the applicable regulations of the Department of Transport.” [ ]

30 Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Materials
You can list hazardous and non-hazardous materials on the same shipping paper, if you do one of the following: Enter all hazardous materials first Highlight hazardous materials Mark an “X” or RQ in column headed “Hazardous Materials” or “HM”

31 Emergency Response Information
Shippers use MSDS, ERG, forms. Information must include: Basic Description of the hazardous material Immediate hazards to health Risks of fire or explosion Immediate precautions in case of an accident Procedures in case of fire Methods for handling spills and leaks Preliminary first aid 24-hour telephone number

32 Review a sample shipping paper

33 Step 6 of the Six Step Procedure
Placarding vehicles and containers of hazardous materials ( )

34 Background Placards, labels, identification numbers, markings, and shipping papers are hazard communicate hazard information.

35 What is A label? A marking? A placard? An identification number?
What is a primary hazard placard/label? Subsidiary hazard placard/label must not include class/division number on the bottom corner.

36 What to placard? Table 1 - placard any quantity
cannot use “DANGEROUS” placard Table 2 - Placard if total quantity 454 kg (1001 pounds) “DANGEROUS” placard permitted for mixed load if < 1000 Kg (2205 lb) per class loaded at facility

37 Identification Numbers and placement
Bulk containers must display the identification number of their contents, either on the placard, or an orange panel beside the placard. Placards should be placed on each end and each side of motor vehicles or railroads. Cargo tanks and portable tanks less than 1000 gallons require two placards on opposite sides of the tank

38 Examples

39 Examples

40 Examples

41 Examples

42 Examples

43 Examples

44 Examples

45 Examples

46 Examples

47 Examples

48 Examples

49 Examples

50 Examples

51 Exceptions may be allowed
Small Quantities Exceptions (173.4) Materials of Trade (MOT) (173.6) Exceptions for various classes/div. ( ) Limited Quantity, ORM-D (column 8A) Agricultural operations (173.5) Government material (173.7) Placarding exceptions DOT Exemptions

52 Summary UNDERSTAND the hazard of the materials you handle
KNOW and FOLLOW all your HAZMAT responsibilities, as they apply to your job You must know the BASIC DESCRIPTION of a material to ship it properly If you have questions, ASK SOMEONE who knows. Consult regs, procedures, others


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