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The Civilization of the Greeks: 1. Minoan 2. Mycenae 3. Dark Ages Chapter 4 A bust of Pericles.

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Presentation on theme: "The Civilization of the Greeks: 1. Minoan 2. Mycenae 3. Dark Ages Chapter 4 A bust of Pericles."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Civilization of the Greeks: 1. Minoan 2. Mycenae 3. Dark Ages Chapter 4 A bust of Pericles

2 Palace at Knossos Minoans (2000 – 1450 BCE)

3 Detail of Throne Minoan Crete, 2000-1450 B.C.E. –Named for legendary King Minos, centered on the Island of Crete

4 4 major Complexes 3 functions of the palace: –Royal residences –Centers for religion and ritual –Headquarters for administering the Creten economy Powerful, efficient government-controlled trade Strength based on trade in the Eastern Mediterranean

5 Trade With Egypt


7 Grand Stair case with frescos beyond on walls.

8 Palace columns at Knossos showing two levels

9 Dolphin fresco from queen’s Megaron

10 Dancing girl from Queen’s Megaron

11 Bull leaping Games Fresco at knossos

12 Female Statuettes thousands of distinctive marble figurines –vast majority of female. –Suggests women’s status Very few male figurines –musical activity, playing a lyre or double pipes.

13 Mountain Mother –Worshipped at mountain peak ceremonies –Numerous rings and paintings depict rituals of ecstatic song and dance in her honor

14 Bull’s head Knossos, gold and faience

15 Bull’s Horns Gate at Knossos

16 Crafts people of crete Highly developed art forms Bronze tools Gems Fine – egg shell- pottery for export Golden double headed axes from cave near Knossos

17 Minoan Ewer Golden bee Minoan culture

18 Inlaid bronze knife – Belonged to a woman.

19 Interior drains Sewage System

20 Water works outside hall of the double axes

21 Storage at Knossos

22 Pictograph by 2000 BCE Syllabic Writing by 1700 BCE –Linear A

23 Linear A Not yet deciphered

24 New Script – linear B Transcribes Greek Minoan characters with early form of Greek May have become the official language of Crete

25 Linear B logograms

26 Linear B Syllabry


28 End of Minoan 1450 - destruction of 3 major palaces. – Volcano Thera - too early. 1370 - Palace at Knossos also destroyed Crete was incorporated into Mycanae, the leading city state of Mainland Greece

29 p94 B. Mycenae: 1 st Greek State

30 Mycenae  Named for Mycenae the principle palace site and stronghold  Militaristic culture  Intent on conquest, raiding & obtaining gold  Active traders  Colonies in Eastern Mediterranean 3


32 Mycenaeans  Small kingdoms  Dwellings centered around a heavily fortified hill top palace or citadel  Mycenae - capital of the legendary king, Agamemnon  Administrative center  Cemetery  Wall Reconstruction of Megaron

33  Massive entrance gate - huge stone lions

34 Mycenae: War Culture  War-related artifacts and vase paintings depicting war abound  Grave goods evidence wealth of some kings

35 Dominance of Men  Mycenaean Gods, Zeus and Apollo established over the sanctuaries of female deities worshipped before conquest  Earlier predominance of female deities replaced with male images

36 Gold death mask tomb IV Mycenae Gold Lion Head Mycenae

37 p95

38 Greek “Dark ages”  1150 – 750 BCE A period of general upheaval throughout much of the eastern Mediterranean  Mycenaean commerce, culture, government & writing declined  lost knowledge of how to write  850 BCE people emerged from time of darkness  settling, building towns, trading overseas  new waves of immigration increased population  restored written culture

39 p96

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