Presentation on theme: "George Washington’s Early Challenges"— Presentation transcript:
1 George Washington’s Early Challenges Chapter 9, Lesson 2EQ: Why does conflict develop?
2 Academic Vocabulary: Ch. 9, Lesson 2 Whiskey RebellionBattle of Fallen TimbersProclamation of NeutralityImpressmentJay’s TreatyPinckney’s Treaty
3 Early ChallengesThe new government faced many challenges, both domestic and foreign troubles.
4 Whiskey RebellionCongress passed tax on American made whiskey in 1791 to pay off national debt.Pennsylvania farmers who couldn’t pay the tax rebelledTarred and featheredtax collectorsWashington crushed the rebellion using the army.Lesson = Federal government will use force when necessary.
5 Battle of Fallen Timbers British began to make land treaties with Native Americans.American settlers moved to the Northwest territory and ignored these treaties.Conflict between Native Americans and American colonists began.
6 Washington sends an army under General “Mad” Wayne. Wayne defeated Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.Treaty of Greenville = Native Americans give up most of the land in Ohio, Chicago, and DetroitAmericans gave Indians $20,000 worth of goods
7 Problems with Europe Britain and France go to war in 1793. France is undergoing the French Revolution.Washington: Asked for neutrality.Washington passes: Proclamation of Neutrality =Prohibits Americans from fighting in the war.Closed American ports to the British and French
8 Washington’s Foreign Challenge: Britain Britain fighting war with FranceBritish captured American ships that traded with the FrenchForced American crew into the British army = impressmentIt angered AmericansJay’s Treaty: Washington sends John JayBritish agree to leave American soilDid not deal with impressment
9 Washington’s Foreign Challenge: Spain Spanish had closed port of New Orleans to Americans due to border disputes in 1784Pinckney’s TreatyUS Ambassador Thomas Pinckney was sent to Spain to negotiate a treatyTreaty was huge successRe-opened New Orleans to American trade
10 Washington’s Farewell Address Washington retires and in his farewell address he said:“It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliance with any portion of the foreign world”He warned the country not to get involved in foreign conflicts.He warned against creating political parties!
11 Activity: Questions HOME LEARNING Complete the Diagram of the Treaties Americans made with Native Americans and Foreign Nations.Don’t forget to explain them.
13 Why do you think they. honored George Washington Why do you think they honored George Washington the way they are doing in this parade?Review
14 Exit Slip: Before you Leave Now that you have learned about George Washington’s presidency.In a half a page paragraph. Explain what you have learned about George Washington. Include informationHis precedents (traditions he left behind)His foreign and domestic problemsHis goodbye address