Presentation on theme: "Careers in Psychology Laura Johnson, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:
1 Careers in Psychology Laura Johnson, Ph.D. School Psychologist, Leon CountyAdjunct Instructor, Florida State University
2 Free association … 1st profession that comes to mind … First profession that typically comes into mind is as a psychotherapist – a psychologist who works with individuals to help them with their mental health concerns. The second profession that typically comes to mind is that of a professor.As you already know, PSYCHOLOGY is The study of the mind and behavior -- Embraces all aspects of human behavior – from the functuons of the brain to the actions of nations – child development to caring for the aged. UNDERSTANDING BEHAVIOR is the enterprise of Psychology -- that provides an awful lot of job opportunities in that large scope refered to as human behavior – as a result, there are within the field of psychology subfields such as counseling Psychology, school psychology, mental health counseling and career counseling
3 Psychology Overview Definition of Counseling Psychology Definition of School PsychologyDefinition of Mental Health CounselorDefinition of Career CounselorCounseling Psychology overlaps with Clinical Psychology in that it specialists in both areas engage in similar activities – interviewing, testing, and providing therapy. Counseling psychologists however work with a somewhat diff clientel, providing assistance to people struggling with everyday problems of moderate severity – thus usually specialize in family, marital, or career counseling.SCHOOL PSYCH: Work to improve curriculum design, achievement testing, teacher training, and other aspects of the educational process. School psychologists usually work in elementary or secondary schools, where they test and counsel children having difficulties in school and aid parents and teachers in solving school-related problems.MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELORS are highly skilled professionals who engage in a variety of services, including DX and assessment, psychotherapy, treatment planning and utilization review, brief and solution-focused counseling, alcoholism and substance abuse, consultation, prevention, and program evaluation.CAREER COUNSELOR – Professional counselors who work in all kinds of settings – schools, community colleges, universities, businesses, professional associations to help students, teachers, parents, and administrators with career and educational problem solving and decision making. Provide interventions including computer based guidance systems (interests and abilities inventories), tests, information resources, individual and group counseling, consultation, referral, career courses and workshops, job hunting, and lifestyle planning.
4 Level of Education Doctoral Level Master’s level Psychologist Counselors, specialists, cliniciansDoctoral level – looking at Counseling Psychologists and Some School Psychologist – though can be a School Psych with a Specialist degree (which is essentially a Master’s degree with some additional course work and a longer internship)Master’s level – school psych – specialists degree, mental health counselors, clinicians – in the field – therapists – clinical therapists, career counselor’s
5 Employment: Overview Employment outlook for Psychology OOH: faster than average growthIncreased demand for services in:Schools, hospitals, social service agencies, substance abuse centers, mental health centers, and private companiesContinued growth over the next decadeFastest sector – outpatient mental health and substance abuse treatment clinicsThe job outlook for all psychology related fields in very promising nation-wide. Our country is facing an increasing number of contemporary problems that will continue to require experts in the field of psychology. According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook employment of psychologists is expected to grow faster than average due to an increased demand for services in schools, hospitals, social service agancies, mental health centers, substance abuse treatment clinics, consulting firms, and private companies.FASTEST Sector is outpatient MH clinics and hospitals and substance abuse treatment centers/clincisthe highest paid and greatest range of jobs in psychology are available to psychology doctorates. The number of doctoral graduates has remained stable over the past decade, and supply continues to meet demand. Unemployment and underemployment remain below what is noted for other scientists and engineers. Few drop out of the field.The greatest expansion of career opportunities for doctoral psychologists in the last decade has been in the for-profit and self-employment sectors, including, but not limited to, health service provider subfields, industrial–organizational psychology, educational psychology, and other fields with applications in these settings. Although fewer new doctorates have headed into faculty positions compared to past decades, it is the case that about one third of doctoral-level psychologists today are employed in academe, and more than half of new doctorates in the research subfields head into academe following graduation.
7 Employment: Doctorate Level Doctorate opportunities best and highest paidPrivate practiceClinics and hospitals (Not for profit and for profit)Clinical staff and administratorsEducational PsychologyPrivate CompaniesGovernmentUniversities and CollegesFaculty/StaffResearch
8 Employment: Specialist Level School PsychologyCurriculum designCounselingTeacher and Parent ConsultationInterventionsTesting/AssessmentShortage in the state of FLOften 10 month contract
10 Employment: Masters Level Mental Health Counselor (many specialty areas):Addictions and Substance abuseAdolescentGeriatricCollegeCareerCommunity/Mental healthMarriage and FamilyRehabilitationSchoolOne of the best opportunities for individuals at the Masters level or at the Specialist level is in School psychology; however, there are other opportunities and With growing recognition of the role of psychology in the community, more jobs for persons with master's degrees in psychology may also become available in community mental health centers.Persons with master's degrees often work under the direction of a doctoral psychologist, especially in clinical, counseling, school, and testing and measurement psychology.
11 Psychology Careers Significant Points About 4 out of 10 psychologists are self-employed, compared with less than 1 out of 10 among all professional workers.Most specialists, including clinical and counseling psychologists, need a doctoral degree; school psychologists need an educational specialist degree, and mental health and career counselors need a master’s degree.Competition for admission to graduate psychology programs is keen.Overall employment of psychologists is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through 2014.
12 Counseling Careers Significant Points State and local governments employ about 4 in 10 counselors, and the health services industry employs most of the others.Counselors must be licensed to practice in all but two States. A master’s degree generally is needed to become a licensed counselor.Job opportunities for counselors should be very good because job openings are expected to exceed the number of graduates from counseling programs.
13 Median Salary … Psychologists What they made:Median annual earnings of clinical, counseling, and school psychologists in May 2004 were $54,950The middle 50 percent earned between $41,850 and $71,880The lowest 10 percent earned less than $32,280The highest 10 percent earned more than $92,250Where they made it:Private and for profit practioners: $64,460Elementary and secondary schools: $58,360Outpatient care centers: 46,850Individual and family services: 42,640
14 Median Salary … Counselors What they made:Median annual earnings of educational, vocational, and school counselors in May 2004 were $45,570The middle 50 percent earned between $34,530 and $58,400The lowest 10 percent earned less than $26,260The highest 10 percent earned more than $72,390Where they made it:Elementary and secondary schools: $51,160Junior colleges: $45,730Colleges, universities, and professional schools: $39,110Individual and family services: $30,240Vocational rehabilitation services: $27,800can earn additional income working summers in the school system or in other jobs. Median annual earnings in the industries employing the largest numbers of educational, vocational, and school counselors in 2004 were as follows:
16 Graduate Programs at FSU Mental Health Counseling (M.S./Ed.S.)2 year including 1000 hour internship2 year supervision prior to licensureCareer Counseling (M.S./Ed.S.) or (Ph.D. track)School Psychologist (Ed.S.) or (Ph.D. track)3 year including 1 year in school internshipautomatic certification3 years supervision prior to licensureCombined Program, Counseling Psychology and School Psychology (Ph.D.)5 year including 2000 hour internship1 year supervision prior to licensure
17 References Program Coordinator: Dr. Pfeiffer 644-8796 Program Coordinator: Dr. PfeifferPresenter: Dr. Laura Johnson ;US Dept of Labor – labor stats …