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Careers in Psychology Laura Johnson, Ph.D.

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1 Careers in Psychology Laura Johnson, Ph.D.
School Psychologist, Leon County Adjunct Instructor, Florida State University

2 Free association … 1st profession that comes to mind …
First profession that typically comes into mind is as a psychotherapist – a psychologist who works with individuals to help them with their mental health concerns. The second profession that typically comes to mind is that of a professor. As you already know, PSYCHOLOGY is The study of the mind and behavior -- Embraces all aspects of human behavior – from the functuons of the brain to the actions of nations – child development to caring for the aged. UNDERSTANDING BEHAVIOR is the enterprise of Psychology -- that provides an awful lot of job opportunities in that large scope refered to as human behavior – as a result, there are within the field of psychology subfields such as counseling Psychology, school psychology, mental health counseling and career counseling

3 Psychology Overview Definition of Counseling Psychology
Definition of School Psychology Definition of Mental Health Counselor Definition of Career Counselor Counseling Psychology overlaps with Clinical Psychology in that it specialists in both areas engage in similar activities – interviewing, testing, and providing therapy. Counseling psychologists however work with a somewhat diff clientel, providing assistance to people struggling with everyday problems of moderate severity – thus usually specialize in family, marital, or career counseling. SCHOOL PSYCH: Work to improve curriculum design, achievement testing, teacher training, and other aspects of the educational process. School psychologists usually work in elementary or secondary schools, where they test and counsel children having difficulties in school and aid parents and teachers in solving school-related problems. MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELORS are highly skilled professionals who engage in a variety of services, including DX and assessment, psychotherapy, treatment planning and utilization review, brief and solution-focused counseling, alcoholism and substance abuse, consultation, prevention, and program evaluation. CAREER COUNSELOR – Professional counselors who work in all kinds of settings – schools, community colleges, universities, businesses, professional associations to help students, teachers, parents, and administrators with career and educational problem solving and decision making. Provide interventions including computer based guidance systems (interests and abilities inventories), tests, information resources, individual and group counseling, consultation, referral, career courses and workshops, job hunting, and lifestyle planning.

4 Level of Education Doctoral Level Master’s level Psychologist
Counselors, specialists, clinicians Doctoral level – looking at Counseling Psychologists and Some School Psychologist – though can be a School Psych with a Specialist degree (which is essentially a Master’s degree with some additional course work and a longer internship) Master’s level – school psych – specialists degree, mental health counselors, clinicians – in the field – therapists – clinical therapists, career counselor’s

5 Employment: Overview Employment outlook for Psychology
OOH: faster than average growth Increased demand for services in: Schools, hospitals, social service agencies, substance abuse centers, mental health centers, and private companies Continued growth over the next decade Fastest sector – outpatient mental health and substance abuse treatment clinics The job outlook for all psychology related fields in very promising nation-wide. Our country is facing an increasing number of contemporary problems that will continue to require experts in the field of psychology. According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook employment of psychologists is expected to grow faster than average due to an increased demand for services in schools, hospitals, social service agancies, mental health centers, substance abuse treatment clinics, consulting firms, and private companies. FASTEST Sector is outpatient MH clinics and hospitals and substance abuse treatment centers/clincis the highest paid and greatest range of jobs in psychology are available to psychology doctorates. The number of doctoral graduates has remained stable over the past decade, and supply continues to meet demand. Unemployment and underemployment remain below what is noted for other scientists and engineers. Few drop out of the field. The greatest expansion of career opportunities for doctoral psychologists in the last decade has been in the for-profit and self-employment sectors, including, but not limited to, health service provider subfields, industrial–organizational psychology, educational psychology, and other fields with applications in these settings. Although fewer new doctorates have headed into faculty positions compared to past decades, it is the case that about one third of doctoral-level psychologists today are employed in academe, and more than half of new doctorates in the research subfields head into academe following graduation.

6 Employment of Psychologists by Setting

7 Employment: Doctorate Level
Doctorate opportunities best and highest paid Private practice Clinics and hospitals (Not for profit and for profit) Clinical staff and administrators Educational Psychology Private Companies Government Universities and Colleges Faculty/Staff Research

8 Employment: Specialist Level
School Psychology Curriculum design Counseling Teacher and Parent Consultation Interventions Testing/Assessment Shortage in the state of FL Often 10 month contract

9 Fun with School Psychology ...

10 Employment: Masters Level
Mental Health Counselor (many specialty areas): Addictions and Substance abuse Adolescent Geriatric College Career Community/Mental health Marriage and Family Rehabilitation School One of the best opportunities for individuals at the Masters level or at the Specialist level is in School psychology; however, there are other opportunities and With growing recognition of the role of psychology in the community, more jobs for persons with master's degrees in psychology may also become available in community mental health centers. Persons with master's degrees often work under the direction of a doctoral psychologist, especially in clinical, counseling, school, and testing and measurement psychology.

11 Psychology Careers Significant Points
About 4 out of 10 psychologists are self-employed, compared with less than 1 out of 10 among all professional workers. Most specialists, including clinical and counseling psychologists, need a doctoral degree; school psychologists need an educational specialist degree, and mental health and career counselors need a master’s degree. Competition for admission to graduate psychology programs is keen. Overall employment of psychologists is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through 2014.

12 Counseling Careers Significant Points
State and local governments employ about 4 in 10 counselors, and the health services industry employs most of the others. Counselors must be licensed to practice in all but two States. A master’s degree generally is needed to become a licensed counselor. Job opportunities for counselors should be very good because job openings are expected to exceed the number of graduates from counseling programs.

13 Median Salary … Psychologists
What they made: Median annual earnings of clinical, counseling, and school psychologists in May 2004 were $54,950 The middle 50 percent earned between $41,850 and $71,880 The lowest 10 percent earned less than $32,280 The highest 10 percent earned more than $92,250 Where they made it: Private and for profit practioners: $64,460 Elementary and secondary schools: $58,360 Outpatient care centers: 46,850 Individual and family services: 42,640

14 Median Salary … Counselors
What they made: Median annual earnings of educational, vocational, and school counselors in May 2004 were $45,570 The middle 50 percent earned between $34,530 and $58,400 The lowest 10 percent earned less than $26,260 The highest 10 percent earned more than $72,390 Where they made it: Elementary and secondary schools: $51,160 Junior colleges: $45,730 Colleges, universities, and professional schools: $39,110 Individual and family services: $30,240 Vocational rehabilitation services: $27,800 can earn additional income working summers in the school system or in other jobs. Median annual earnings in the industries employing the largest numbers of educational, vocational, and school counselors in 2004 were as follows:

15 How do I get there from here …

16 Graduate Programs at FSU
Mental Health Counseling (M.S./Ed.S.) 2 year including 1000 hour internship 2 year supervision prior to licensure Career Counseling (M.S./Ed.S.) or (Ph.D. track) School Psychologist (Ed.S.) or (Ph.D. track) 3 year including 1 year in school internship automatic certification 3 years supervision prior to licensure Combined Program, Counseling Psychology and School Psychology (Ph.D.) 5 year including 2000 hour internship 1 year supervision prior to licensure

17 References Program Coordinator: Dr. Pfeiffer 644-8796
Program Coordinator: Dr. Pfeiffer Presenter: Dr. Laura Johnson ; US Dept of Labor – labor stats …

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