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Slide Library Visual Art II Surrealism, Dadaism, Photography 20 th Century Art 2 nd Quarter 2012/2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Slide Library Visual Art II Surrealism, Dadaism, Photography 20 th Century Art 2 nd Quarter 2012/2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide Library Visual Art II Surrealism, Dadaism, Photography 20 th Century Art 2 nd Quarter 2012/2013

2 Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory

3 This painting by Dali was created after his experience In Spain with the Civil War. The devastated landscape Speaks to the destructive powers that man is Capable of. The desert like scape implies that nothing will grow In the soil. The bird like image with the eyelid and eyelash is Said to be a portrait of Dali –shown in a state of coma Or sleep. The moment is frozen in time as the clocks have stopped Ticking symbolizing a moment of death.

4 Salvador Dali, Sacraments of The Last Supper

5 This image by Dali recreates the scene of the Last Supper From the Bible. Jesus and his disciples are shown At the table partaking of the bread and life blood of Christ. Dali is dependent upon the classical traditions of Perspective, anatomy, proportion, form, volume, Observation and shading He uses both atmospheric and linear perspective The subject matter is religion The style is Realism / Movement Surrealism

6 Salvador Dali, Christ of St. John of the Cross

7 In this image of Christ on the Cross by Dali, the body of Christ is shown from the perspective Of the heavenly father. Dali is showing is talent at using anatomy, foreshortening Linear and atmospheric perspective Although this image illustrates the dream world of Surrealism the technical foundation here is based On classical traditions Mid 1990’s Subject matter religion, Realism, Surrealism

8 Marc Chagall, I and the Village

9 I and My Village- Marc Chagall Early 20 th century painting Marc Chagall in his painting I am my village painted from Memory and Dreams of his childhood. The influence of Freud and Carl Jung can be seen in this work. The subject matter is – Personal Expression /Memory The Style is Abstraction The color scheme is warm – red and green He focuses on the triangle shape to create unity in the work He also shows the theme of man in relation to his environmment In an agrarian society ( The role of the church is evident

10 Jean (Hans) Arp, Birds in an Aquarium Movement Dada or DADAISM Style is NON OBJECTIVE- Shape and Form /Contrast/Space

11 Birds in an Aquarium,- Jean Arp Painted Wood 3D Sculpture/ Non Objective / 1920 The DADA movement was formed during the aftermath of WWI in Europe Artists felt that the traditional classical formulas or approaches to Art were no longer valid Artists deliberately created work that rebelled against classical art The piece by Jean Arp shows a NON- OBJECTIVE STYLE The subject matter is actually the elements and principles of design The artist is NOT interested in creating reality but rather personal Expression. Main Elements: Shape, Form, Principles;Assymetry, Movement, Unity

12 Joan Miró, Women at Sunrise

13 This painting by Joan Miro indicates an emphasis on The artists personal world of symbols and dreams The figures are biomorphic ( human like shapes) and The background is a transparent plane so this indicates A rejection of classical linear space The title Women at Sunrise suggests that the figures are woman At daybreak but much of the interpretation is left up to The viewer Style- Abstraction Movement in Art History Surrealism

14 René Magritte, Time Transfixed

15 Magritte is known for his surreal treatment of ordinary Objects in an impossible situation Magritte – The style is REALISM/ Surrealism is the art history Movement Magritte has used traditional classical perspective, along with the Techniques of drawing, shading and rendering His work is very clean with attention to detail and he is not interested In creating movement rather his objects appear suspended in time And space. A type of frozen moment.

16 James Van Der Zee, Future Expectations

17 James Van Der Zee is an African American Photographer Who created well known images during the early 1900’s In Harlem, NY As part of the Harlem Renaissance ( an emphasis on arts And culture in the early 1900’s in NYC) he used His photography in two ways. One approach was to Shoot the film and record it in a straightforward manner Another approach was to use multiple exposures to Stage and or manipulate the image so that it suggested Other meaning. IN the image he suggests that the couple wants a lovely Home, a stable traditional environments and a wonderful Daughter as well.

18 Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage

19 The photographs by Alfred Stieglitz called the Steerage represents the Ideas of a straight photographer. The image is NOT manipulated rather The artist sought to record what he saw from life. He captured this moment When he was sailing for Europe in 1907.The steerage compartment of The ship represents the cheapest level of the people under the Bridge or walkway..are from a different class. The photograph shows two separate worlds that co exist in the same Moment. Theme – Photography is used to record life as we know it and Stieglitz Applied his knowledge of design in composing the image.

20 Edward Weston, Pepper

21 Edward Weston mainly photographed organic Shapes from nature. His close cropped images Emphasized the strong shapes and forms found In the objects resulting in an ABSTRACT Interpretation of the subject matter Most viewer felt that a photograph even in an Abstract format was more realistic than a Painting that was presented in an abstract format. The result is that Weston ‘s work helped the public To accept Abstraction as a valid art form in the US

22 Ansel Adams, Mt. Williamson from Manzazar

23 Ansel Adams was like most late 18 th century and 18 th Century landscape artists in that he felt inspired by Nature. He was technically a genius at capturing all The details of the soft lighting in the landscape. He photographed the WEST and YOSEMITE National Park extensively. His work on the ZONE system ( dividing captured light into Ten zones of gray ) is still used today in teaching students Photography. Painting the image with light- Ansel Adams

24 Dorthea Lange, Migrant Mother

25 The WPA ( Works Progress Administration ) helped to Put people to work during the Great Depression in The US. The government hired artists and asked them to Photograph( document) the various regions of the country. One photographer was Dorothea Lange who took this Image titled Migrant Mother in the 1930s. This scene Shows the desperation of a mother in trying to shield Her children from the harsh realities of hunger and Poverty. The documentary style is still used today in newspapers And magazines today.

26 What is the difference between Abstraction and Surrealism What are the characteristics of Realism Observation, likeness, proportion, anatomy, light source. Linear perspective, and or aerial perspective Abstraction- Use of subject matter found in nature but it May be distorted, elongated, or flattened. The artist Uses more interpretation of the subject and copying an exact Likeness is NOT the priority Surrealism-Combining Realism with Fantasy / Imagination Impossible situations ( Magritte) Non – Objective Art – No effort to create a likeness. The artist Is interested in using the elements and principles of design.Non Realistic.


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