Presentation on theme: "International Leasing. Leasing Leasing, as a financing concept, is an arrangement (договорённость) between two parties, the leasing company or lessor."— Presentation transcript:
Leasing Leasing, as a financing concept, is an arrangement (договорённость) between two parties, the leasing company or lessor (лизингодатель) and the user or lessee (лизингополучатель), whereby, (посредством чего) the former arranges to buy capital equipment for the use of the latter for an agreed period of time in return for the payment of rent.
Definition “ Lease is a form of contract transferring the use or occupancy of land, space, structure or equipment, in consideration of a payment, usually in the form of a rent.” --- - Dictionary of Business and Management
Leasing as a Source of Finance Leasing is an important source of finance for the lessee. Leasing companies finance for: Modernization of business. Balancing equipment.
Types of Lease Also known as Capital Lease, Long-term Lease, Net Lease and Close Lease. It is like an installment loan. In a financial lease, the lessee selects the equipment, settles the price and the term of sales and arranges with a leasing company to buy it. He enters into a irrevocable and non- cancellable agreement with the leasing company. Land & building, office equipment, heavy machinery are leased.
Also known as Service Lease, Short-term Lease or True Lease. It is like a rental agreement. In this lease, the contractual period between (b/w ) lessor and lessee is less than full expected economic life of equipment. Contract period ranges from intermediate to short-term. Contracts are usually cancellable either by the lessor or by the lessee. Computers, automobiles, etc. are leased.
A leverage lease is used for financing those assets which require huge capital outlay. The leverage lease agreement involves three parties, the lessee, the lessor and the lender. The loan is generally secured by mortgage of the asset besides assignment of the leased rental payments. In leveraged lease, a wide range of equipment, such as rail road, coal mining, pipe lines, ships, etc. are acquired.
Under this type of lease, a firm which has an asset sells it to the leasing company and gets it back on lease. The asset is generally sold at its market value. The sale and lease back agreement is beneficial to both lessor and lessee. Retail stores, shopping centers, etc. are financed under this method.
Also known as International Leasing, and Transnational Leasing. It relates to a lease transaction b/w a lessor and lessee domiciled in different countries and includes exports leasing. In other words, the lessor may be of one country and the lessee may be of another country.
Advantages of Lease 10 Permit alternative use of funds. Faster & Cheaper Credit. Flexibility. Boon to Small Firm. Protection against Obsolescence. Facilitates Additional Borrowings. Hundred Percent Financing.
Disadvantages of Leasing 11 Lease is not suitable mode of project finance. The cost of financing is generally higher than that of debt financing. Certain tax benefits/incentives such as subsidy may not be available on leased equipment. A manufacturer who wants to discontinue a particular line of business will not in a position to terminate the contract except by paying heavy penalties. If the lessee is not able to pay rentals regularly, the lessor would suffer a loss particularly when the asset is a sophisticated one & less liquid.