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Drinking, Drugs, and Health Chapter 6. The Effects of Alcohol  Alcohol is not digested. It passes through a person’s stomach and small intestine directly.

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Presentation on theme: "Drinking, Drugs, and Health Chapter 6. The Effects of Alcohol  Alcohol is not digested. It passes through a person’s stomach and small intestine directly."— Presentation transcript:

1 Drinking, Drugs, and Health Chapter 6

2 The Effects of Alcohol  Alcohol is not digested. It passes through a person’s stomach and small intestine directly into the bloodstream and then is carried to all parts of the body

3  The only scientific way to check is through blood alcohol concentration, or BAC. A simple breath test will show a motorist’s BAC. How much is too much?

4  Note: Under state law, refusal to take a breath test is equal to driving with a BAC of.08 percent for a first offense.  The current penalty for both is the loss of driving privileges for seven months to one year, to run concurrently or consecutively, based upon a judge’s order  Motorists who refuse to take a breath test in New Jersey are also subject to an MVC insurance surcharge of $1,000 per year for three years Refusal to take a breath test

5  Quantity of alcohol consumed  Body weight  How quickly drinks were consumed  Food eaten BAC is determined by four factors:

6 FACT  For motorists younger than 21, it is illegal to drive with a BAC of.01 percent or higher


8  There is just as much alcohol in the average beer as there is in the average drink of whiskey or wine  Example: 1 ½ ounces of 86-proof whiskey, five ounces of table wine or 12 ounces of beer all contain the same amount of alcohol: About ½ ounce of alcohol per drink Its not what you drink… Its how many drinks you have

9  Alcohol affects decision making and slows motorists reaction time. Drinking and Driving

10  Speeding: A drinking driver often thinks high-speed driving is safe.  Weaving: Even though a driver may stay in the correct lane, driving straight may be a problem.  Slow Driving: A drinking driver may be overly cautious and drive more slowly than the normal flow of traffic.  Jerking Motion: A drinking driver often may have short mental lapses and not keep a steady speed on a clear road.  Quick stops: A drinking driver may make sudden stops at a traffic sign or light rather than easing up to it. Law enforcement is trained to notice certain telltale drinking and driving signs:

11  Be a good host: If alcohol is served at a party, always provide alcohol free drinks, too. Serve nutritious foods or snacks. Do not insist that guests drink alcoholic beverages. Do not insist on refills. Stop serving alcohol well before the party is over. If someone drinks too much, do not let them drive. If no other transportation is available, suggest a nap or invite guests to spend the night. As a last resort, notify the police. Hosts may become involved in a lawsuit if a guest is involved in a drinking-and-driving accident after leaving the party. The Good Host and The Drinking Driver

12  As the first state in the country to officially launch the Hero Campaign for Designated Drivers, New Jersey encourages all state residents to participate in designated driver programs wherever they travel, whether as a motorist or a passenger.  The designated driver is responsible for the safe transportation of friends or family members who have been drinking alcoholic beverages.  Designated drivers not only ensure the safety of the people they are escorting home but also the safety of other motorists. Designated drivers

13 Affect a motorist in the following ways:  Loss of tracking ability: This is the ability to maintain a vehicle in a given line.  Distance judgment: Following too closely can cause problems.  Vigilance: Not remaining attentive to the driving task can cause a motorist to follow too closely, drift into another lane, etc.  Divided attention: Driving is a task that requires constant attention to traffic, roadway and weather conditions, passengers, gauges, etc. Marijuana use

14  A teenager who tested positive for marijuana was arrested Friday in the death of four of his friends in a Long Island car crash after felony charges in an indictment were unsealed, a prosecutor said.  Joseph Beer, 17, of Queens, pleaded not guilty in state court to charges stemming from the crash last month on the Southern State Parkway. Bail was set at $2 million.  Nassau County District Attorney Kathleen Rice said multiple felonies were brought after an analysis of a blood sample taken from Beer two hours after the crash tested positive for marijuana. He was indicted on aggravated vehicular homicide, second-degree manslaughter and other charges that could carry a 25-year prison sentence upon conviction.  "The sheer magnitude of this tragedy is unthinkable, and it could have easily been avoided if this defendant had simply made the right choice to drive sober and drive safely," Rice said. "Instead, we have four promising young lives cut short, another young man facing years in prison, and families that will forever be torn apart by this horrific crash." ABC NEWS BRIEF 11/16/12

15  Rice said Beer was driving more than 110 mph at 3:35 a.m. on Oct. 8 when he lost control of his car, crashing into trees in West Hempstead. The crash, which ripped the vehicle in half, killed three 18-year-olds and a 17-year-old, all from Queens, where they had attended the same high school as Beer.  Prosecutors said Beer, who suffered minor injuries, had only a learner's permit and was not permitted to be driving between 9 p.m. and 5 a.m. His parents were charged with unlicensed operation of a vehicle for letting their son drive without a license, a charge punishable by up to 15 days in jail and a $300 fine

16  Health  Any health problem can affect an individual’s driving. Even little problems like a stiff neck, a cough or a sore leg can give an individual trouble while driving. If a motorist is not feeling well, he/she should let someone else drive. Healthy driving

17  Most of what a motorist does behind the wheel is based on what he/she sees. State law permits the MVC to retest 10 percent of the driving population each year.  Good side vision (peripheral vision) is also essential for safe driving. Side vision helps a motorist see out of the corners of his/her eyes while looking straight ahead.  Distance judgment is also an important component to driving. Vision

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