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Future Tense.

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Presentation on theme: "Future Tense."— Presentation transcript:

1 Future Tense

2 Function of Simple Future Tense
The Future Simple tense has two functions: To talk about something that will or will not happen in the future (e.g., I will never retire from teaching ESL to adults.), and To express willingness (e.g., Mary: "Someone is knocking at the door." John: "I'll get it.")

3 subject + will (not) + base form of the verb
The Future Simple is pretty easy to construct. Here's how: subject + will (not) + base form of the verb Here are some examples with miscellaneous common verbs using the subject pronouns I, you, she/he/it, they, and we. I will talk. I will walk. I will dance. I will sing. You will talk. You will walk. You will dance. You will sing. She/He/It will talk. She/He/It will walk. She/He/It will dance. She/He/It will sing. They will talk. They will walk. They will dance. They will sing. We will talk. We will walk. We will dance. We will sing.

4 Future Simple Verb Form (five forms the ESL/EFL student must learn)
Affirmative Usage (I will study. You will study. She/he/it will study. They will study. We will study.) Negative Usage (I will not read. You will not read. She/he/it will not read. They will not read. We will not read.) Yes/No Questions (Will I teach English grammar? Will you teach English grammar? Will she/he/it teach English grammar? Will they teach English grammar? Will we teach English grammar?) Short Answers (Yes, I will. No, I won't. Yes, you will. No, you won't. Yes, she/he/it will. No, she/he/it won't. Yes, they will. No, they won't. Yes, we will. No, we won't.) WH- Questions (e.g., When will she teach more verb tenses? Where will you eat dinner? Who will win the lottery? When will we study vocabulary? How will the movie end? Why will you be there?)

5 General Rules: Here are the general rules for will vs. be going to:
(1) Predictions: Both will and be going to can be used to make predictions about the future. Ex) Take your umbrella. It's going to rain. The weather channel said it will rain tomorrow. Ex) Be careful. That dog is going to bite you! Don't cheat. You'll get caught. (2) Prior Plans: "Be going to" is used to express plans previously made for the future. You cannot use "will" for this purpose. Ex) I'm going to meet my friends this weekend. She's going to take a vacation this summer. We're going to go to the library tonight to study. (3) Willingness: "Will" is used to describe willingness to do something. Example 1: A. Someone's at the door. B. I'll get it. Example 2: A. I can't do this by myself. B. I'll help you.

6 Other ways to express the future
I’ve decided to….(infinitive verb) I’ve decided to take the job She’s decided to train for a marathon We’ve decided to get a pet I plan on….(verb + -ing) / I’m planning on (verb + ing) I plan on catching the 4:30 bus. They’re planning on eating lunch after class is over. I’m thinking of/about….(verb + -ing) *ABOUT is more common I’m thinking about joining the Army We’re thinking of remodeling our house. I might/may…(verb) *MIGHT is more common / expresses uncertainty I might try out for the soccer team this year They may go fishing on Sunday. Maybe I’ll…(verb) **Use this to express uncertainty** Maybe I’ll come to the party later Maybe he’ll get a bicycle for his birthday

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