2 What is the Menstrual Cycle The menstrual cycle is the process by which a woman’s body gets ready for the chance of a pregnancy each month.The average menstrual cycle is 28 days from the start of one to the start of the next, but it can range from 21 days to 35 days.
3 Beginning of the Menstrual Cycle Levels of estrogen rise, causing the lining of the uterus to grow and get thicker.An egg starts to mature in one of the ovaries.
4 Middle of the Menstrual Cycle Ovulation- Around the middle of the cycle, the mature ovum (egg) leaves the ovary.Occurs once every 28 days which is usually on the 14th day.
5 Next step…The egg begins to travel down the fallopian tubes to the uterus. If the egg becomes fertilized by a sperm cell and attaches to the uterus, the woman becomes pregnant. If not, the uterus does not need the extra thick lining and it begins to shed.
6 MenstruationMenstruation- part of a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle in which blood and tissue are discharged from the vagina.Preparation for implantation and development of fertilized ovumCommonly called a period or menstrual periodMost menstrual periods last 3-5 days
7 Signs of MenstruationBleeding from the vagina is the primary sign of menstruation.Some women have other symptoms around the time of menstruation, including:Cramping, bloating, and sore breastsFood cravingsMood swings and irritabilityHeadache and fatigue
8 Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) PMS usually occurs one or two weeks before menstruation. PMS may affect a woman of any age who has menstrual periods.If the symptoms disrupt your lifestyle, you may want to seek medical care.
9 Problems with Menstrual Periods Amenorrhea- cessation of menstrual cycle(stop in menstrual period)Dysmennorhea- irregular menstrual cycle