Great Artists of the Renaissance
Renaissance Artists wanted their subjects to be realistic
Focused on humanity and emotion Used new techniques Sculptured emphasized realism and the human form Architecture reached new heights of design
New Techniques Frescos Perspective Painting done on wet plaster
Gave depth to paintings Making distant objects appear smaller than those close to the viewer Made scenes appear 3-D
Filippo Brunelleschi Created a dome in Florence- il duomo
Modeled after the Pantheon Il duomo Pantheon
Leonardo daVinci Renaissance genius
Considered himself a painter, but he was also a sculptor, architect, and engineer Sketched nature Dissected corpses to learn how the human body works
A sample of daVinci’s anatomy sketches
daVinci’s famous paintings
Mona Lisa- portrait of a woman whose mysterious smile has baffled people for centuries Is daVinci Mona Lisa?
The Last Supper A masterpiece of perspective
Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, poet Called a “meloncholy genius”- his work reflects his many life long spiritual struggles
The Sistine Chapel Took four years to complete
Commissioned by Pope Julius II
Raphael Admired for his talent and his sweet and gracious nature
Studied great masters, but developed his own style Famous work: School of Athens Imaginary gathering of great thinkers and scientists (Plato, Aristotle, Socrates to name a few) He included himself in the picture along with Michelangelo and daVinci
The School of Athens Raphael in the back
The Renaissance moves North
Began in the region of Flanders(France, Belgium, Netherlands) Flanders was a thriving center of trade for Northern Europe From Flanders, the Renaissance spread to Spain, France, Germany, and England
Jan van Eyck One of the most important Flemish painters
Used rich, realistic detail in his works Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife
“Leonardo of the North”
Albrecht Durer- traveled to Italy to study Italian masters Took these ideas and spread Renaissance techniques to Northern Europe He applied his new knowledge of painting techniques to engraving Engraving- etching a design on to a metal plate with acid
Durer’s nature paintings
What other artist was interested in nature?
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